Library Juice 1:17 - May 6, 1998


Quote of the week: 
  "I consider it important, indeed urgently necessary, for 
  intellectual workers to get together, both to protect 
  their own economic status and, also, generally speaking, 
  to secure their influence in the political field." 
    - Albert Einstein, 1938, in a comment explaining why he 
      the American Federation of Teachers local number 552 
      as a charter member. 
1. Index Morganagus now covers Library Juice 
2. Survey on Homelessness and Libraries / Homelessness Resource 
3. Article in FirstMonday on Privatizion, Digitization of Higher Education 
4. BIS  (Bibliotek i Samhälle) 
5. Seaweed 
6. Information for Sustainable Development Project 
7. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development 
8. United Nations Documentation Research Guide: Human Rights 
9. New Anti-Porn, Pro-Filtering group in Oklahoma 
10. "Speak Out Against Censorware" CyberMarch; also, Electronic CD thread 
11. Net Nanny Anecdote from Chuck0 
12. Tobacco Use among US minority groups - Surgeon General .pdf file 
13. APAICS Website for Asian Pacific American Heritage Month 
14. Asian and Pacific Islander American Heritage Month - Census Facts 
15. AEQ - Academic Exchange Quarterly - Invitation to Publish 
1. Index Morganagus now covers Library Juice 
Library Juice is now included in the index to online library-oriented 
serials, *Index Morganagus*.  (I never realized there were so many.) 
The URL is 
The index is run by: 
Eric Lease Morgan 
Department for Digital Library Initiatives, NCSU Libraries 
2. Survey on Homelessness and Libraries / Homelessness Resource 
Message to All: 
Tedrico's Page: Homelessness, Hitchhiking, Panhandling, & Homeless 
Programs would like to know ...  "How Important is the Library to the 
Homeless on a scale from 1 to 10 and why?" Please visit the web site at and answer the pop up survey if 
your browser supports JAVA, otherwise enter the survey directly at and submit your answer. 
Survey results are posted each Saturday. Thank You for your time and input! 
Tedrico Latham 
Your Informative Homelessness Resource Link! 
P.O. Box 514 Rich Square, NC 27869 (252)539-4228 
3. Article in FirstMonday on Privatizion, Digitization of Higher Education 
(sent to the SJSU SLIS list) 
I think everyone should take a look at this article in FirstMonday (an 
electronic journal) written by Michael Margolis, a political science prof 
at the University of Cincinatti. 
Some choice quotes: 
-"Marketing higher educational training as a commodity in the global 
economy presents an opportunity to reform the costly practices that hamper 
the international competitiveness of American universities.... 
The largest savings can be achieved through elimination of classroom 
Higher educational training, however, is too important to leave it mainly 
in the control of the faculties of traditional institutions. Private 
corporations, which already offer universities a multitude of educational 
materials and services, will find it profitable to franchise courses 
...American universities have underwritten scholarly projects for which 
funding from external sources has not been available, particularly in the 
humanities and social sciences. They have maintained elephantine research 
libraries and expensive computer centers, which members of the university 
community could access without charge... 
Fortunately, the Internet provides a solution that virtually eliminates 
costly libraries and computer centers. Digitized libraries, accessible 
through the Internet, offer the customer more volumes, periodicals and 
documents than any single university library could physically contain." 
Sam Trosow 
FirstMonday article 
4. BIS  (Bibliotek i Samhälle) 
(The following is from the website at the URL above) 
The Swedish association Bibliotek i Samhälle (short for "Libraries in 
Society") is from a socialist viewpoint working with issues of 
librarianship and culture - foremost through its periodical bis. 
The journal as well as the association was founded 1969. Since 1991 
Bibliotek i Samhälle has supported the construction of a library/resource 
centre in the black township of Lingelihle, Cradock, in the rural parts of 
South Africa. 
Activities 1996: In March linked to our annual general meeting a seminar 
titled "For 40 million people" was held with Jenni Karlsson from our South 
African sister organisation LIWO as the main speaker on  problems and 
challenges to libraries and information services in South Africa. 
One of our members is commissioned to investigate Internet & libraries in 
Sweden and Norway from a critical point of view. Her results will appear as 
# 2 of bis this year. 
Swedish development aid authorities will probably continue to use us and 
LIWO as counterparts to channel resources to development of libraries in 
South Africa. Our contacts with and financial support to Masizame Community 
Project in Lingelihle will definitely continue during 1996." 
Our publications are written in Swedish. There are some texts written in 
English: BiS' programme (published in Progressive Librarian # 5, 1992) and 
an article on BiS relationship to South Africa (in Scandinavian Public 
Library Quarterly 1995:3) 
5. Seaweed 
This captivating site by Professor Michael D. Guiry of the National 
University of Ireland, Galway, contains a wealth of information and 
resources on seaweeds. The site includes Check-lists of the Seaweeds 
(Benthic Marine Algae) of Britain, Ireland and northern Europe; two 
bibliographic databases on seaweeds (including 17,500 scientific references 
from periodicals); an email discussion list (Algae-L); two fascinating 
sections on seaweed cultivation and the seaweed industry; a fully 
searchable taxonomic database of seaweeds; and links to related sites. 
Typical returns to the taxonomic database search query include 
Distribution, Type Locality, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Basionym, and 
Synonym. Although scant with visual images, this site is rich in every 
other dimension, and serves as an excellent resource to seaweed researchers 
and educators alike. [LXP] 
>From Internic's Scout Report: 
6.  Information for Sustainable Development Project 
The IISD continuously publishes information on sustainable development 
in both electronic and print formats. By subscribing to our "New & 
Notable" listserv found at  you 
will be notified by email whenever we publish the following: 
Latest Additions - our bi-monthly list of books, reports, articles and 
WWW sites added to the Information Centre database Notable New Books - 
notes on interesting books recently added to IISD's Information Centre 
New Publications - from the IISD 
New E-Site Modules - significant information pieces added to our WWW 
sites - IISDnet <> and Linkages 
SD-Gateway Additions - new articles for the "Primer on Sustainable 
Development : Knowledge in Action <>" and new 
modules from our partner's sites. 
Announcements - from the IISD 
Hot Topics - annotated bibliographies on the hot topics in sustainable 
Stacy Matwick 
Information for Sustainable Development Project 
International Institute for Sustainable Development 
161 Portage Ave., E 6th floor 
Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada  R3B 0Y4 
Voice: (204)958-7755  Fax: (204)958-7710 
E-mail: smatwick[at] 
WWW home page: 
7.  United Nations Research Institute for Social Development 
War Torn Societies Documents Database 
UNRISD is an organization with roots going back to 1963. Its mandate is to 
study the relationship between social and economic development. This takes 
the form of multi-country research (with an emphasis on developing 
countries), as well as "action research" in the areas of "integrating 
gender into development planning and rebuilding war-torn societies." One of 
the highlights of the site is its War-Torn Societies Project, which 
contains a documents database with a searchable and browsable annotated 
bibliography of WSP collected literature. The main site also offers 
information about the organization and its activities, and a selection of 
electronic publications, as well as a browsable and searchable catalog of 
its publications. Note that portions of the site are available in multiple 
languages. [JS] 
>From Internic's Scout Report: 
8. United Nations Documentation Research Guide: Human Rights 
The Dag Hammarskjold Library of the United Nations has begun to add Special 
Topics Guides to its Research Guide Site. The first pertains to human 
rights and contains annotated pointers to UN resources from two 
charter-based bodies and six treaty-based bodies. These sections contain 
pointers to the bodies themselves, and to bibliographic information and 
selected full texts of the reports of those bodies. In addition, there is 
bibliographic information on relevant conference proceedings and 
declarations, as well as a bibliography of general UN human rights 
literature. [JS] 
>From Internic's Scout Report: 
9.  New Anti-Porn, Pro-Filtering group in Oklahoma 
(sent to ALA member forum) 
The National Campaign to Combat Internet Pornography (NCCIP) has issued a 
statement regarding The Tin Drum controversy in Oklahoma City.  We have 
also officially released our "Aquarian the Librarian" comic strip. 
Both can be found at 
Paul Cardin, President 
National Campaign to Combat Internet Pornography 
This is a pro-filtering group of the Tin Drum=Kiddie Porn variety, from 
Oklahoma.  Their website says they will be starting a library issues 
campaign this summer. 
10. "Speak Out Against Censorware" CyberMarch; also Electronic CD thread 
Elisabeth Roche wrote: 
> The ACLU is planning a "Speak Out Against Censorware" CyberMarch on Monday, 
> May 11, and are asking free speech advocates from across the country to 
> help them flood the congressional e-mail servers with letters against 
> mandating the use of clumsy, arbitrary filtering programs in schools and 
> public libraries.  More information about the "Speak Out" Cyber March 
> and the issue will be posted on Wednesday, May 6, at: 
> and on America Online 
> (keyword: ACLU). 
> Best-- Glenn Hauman, BiblioBytes 
  -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   - 
It might also be worth doing an "electronic sit-in" at the websites of 
the the main filtering companies on that day. This involves large groups 
of people hitting the refresh button on their browser, with the cache 
set to zero. A bunch of us are doing this on May 10th as a protest in 
support of the Zapatistas in Mexico. We've also developed a Java ping 
engine to give our protest more impact. 
More info at: 
For Their Civil Disobedience, the 'Sit-In' Is Virtual [NY Times] 
Electronic Civil Disobedience 
  -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   - 
I frankly find this "electronic sit-in" tactic to be a little weird. 
Flooding email servers with protest is one thing.  But taking actions to 
effectively "muzzle" somebody's web site--even those with whom we 
disagree--is in my view an affont to the principle of free speech. 
Everybody has a right to get their message out.  (I thought that's what we 
were fighting for.) 
Seth Horwitz 
  -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   - 
I'm afraid you are confusing free speech with lack of action. If one uses 
the free speech argument over and over, the real content of the beautiful 
notion of free speech gets completely lost. 
An electronic sit-in is as good an action as a real life sit-in. The only 
problem i see is that far too few people will ever know what happened. So 
the ones involved should make sure they have some good press coverage. 
11.  Net Nanny Anecdote from Chuck0 
Date: Thu, 30 Apr 1998 15:00:47 -0400 
From: Chuck0 <chuck[at]> 
Organization: Mid-Atlantic Infoshop 
MIME-Version: 1.0 
To: librarians[at] 
Subject: Net Nanny case 
Sender: owner-librarians[at] 
Precedence: bulk 
As some of you know, I maintain an anti-filtering page 
( I'm starting 
to get more queries from folks "in the trenches." Here's an interesting 
anecdote about Net Nanny. 
Subject:  Net Nanny filter problems 
 Date: Wed, 22 Apr 1998 20:32:15 PDT 
From:   "Mandi Ohlin" <weird_web[at]> 
To:  nofilters[at] 
I'm currently working on an Honors paper about Internet censorship and 
stumbled onto your site. **applause** Thank you for maintaining such a 
well-thought-out site on censorware. I appreciate the time you took to 
keep this site so well maintained. 
Flattery/gratuitous sucking up aside, your case studies brought 
something to mind. I'm attending Hood College in Frederick, Maryland, 
and we had something of a filter problem last fall. The computers in the 
24 hour student lab were all equipped with Net Nanny, and were connected 
directly to the campus network--so were in effect continually connected, 
and Net Nanny was continually watching over the system. 
I work at the computing help desk, and for the first month of the 
semester, a good portion of the calls were concerning getting around Net 
Nanny or getting it taken off. Interestingly enough, the problems most 
students were having had absolutely nothing to do with accessing 
Internet sites. When a student writing his term paper on child 
pornography tried to load it into Microsoft Word in the lab, Net Nanny 
shut MS Word down completely, and he was forced to reboot. He lost his 
entire paper. 
An Honors student was trying to write her paper on gender differences in 
the scientific community. One look at "gender," and Net Nanny shut it 
down. I was writing an e-mail to a friend, and the minute I typed the 
word "sex" (describing something about genetics a Biochem major had 
attempted to explain to me) Net Nanny again shut the program down. 
The software is now completely off the lab computers here for good. 
I don't know if that fits into your case studies. I do know that Net 
Nanny proved to be more trouble than it was worth. Just a mention. 
Amanda Ohlin 
Free Mumia Abu-Jamal and Leonard Peltier 
Mid-Atlantic Infoshop 
Spunk Library 
"All the anarchy you'll ever need, organized neatly 
and with reassuring authority." 
  -- 1998 Rough Guide to the Internet 
12. Tobacco Use among US minority groups - Surgeon General pdf file 
_Tobacco Use Among US Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups_--USSG [.pdf, 332p.] 
US Surgeon General Dr. David Satcher has released this report (available in 
Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only), which details the dismaying news of a 
reversal in the trends of tobacco use by minorities, caused in the main by 
large increases in smoking by minority youth. This 24th Surgeon General 
report on tobacco use is the first that concentrates on minorities. The 
report details tobacco use among African-Americans, American Indians/Alaska 
Natives, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics. The report is 
accompanied by 84 tables and 22 figures. In addition to the report (which 
can be downloaded in its entirety or in sections), the site contains a 
press release, several fact sheets, and ordering information. [JS] 
>From Internic's Scout Report: 
13. APAICS Website for Asian Pacific American Heritage Month 
(sent to the list EQUILIBR) 
CONTACT: Theresa Castillo 
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                       (202) 547-9100 
Debut of On-line Celebration of  Asian Pacific American Heritage Month 
(May) Washington, D.C. (April 28, 1998) - The Asian Pacific American 
Institute for Congressional Studies (APAICS) launched the first Web site 
devoted solely to the celebration of Asian Pacific American Heritage Month. 
The new site, designed by the Asian Buying Consortium (ABC), debuts today 
at  Visitors will be able to view profiles of more 
than prominent Asian Pacific Americans from different career fields, learn 
about the history of Asian Pacific American immigration and the origins of 
Asian Pacific American Heritage Month, as well as access resources for 
observing Heritage Month. 
"The Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Web site breaks new ground 
because it reaches mainstream America using an innovative medium. In 
creating the site, we wanted to emphasize not only the accomplishments of 
Asian Pacific Americans but also the hardships endured by immigrants to 
this country," said Francey Lim Youngberg, Executive Director of APAICS. 
"We are grateful to ABC and Web designers Jimmy Chow and Wylie Eng for 
volunteering their time to design the Web site." 
"We are glad to be working on this project.  As a business working to 
provide Asian-related businesses and organizations discounts on products 
and services, we see this as an extension of our commitment to the 
community.  Enhancing the profile of Asian Pacific Americans and helping to 
build better connections between different segments of our community is 
very important to us," said Chin Yao, co-President of Asian Buying 
Through June 1, Yahoo!  (, the world's leading 
internet directory, will promote the new site with public service banners 
on the Yahoo! network.   A. Magazine and AsianWeek contributed pictures and 
provided valuable advice to this project. 
About the Asian Pacific American Institute for Congressional Studies 
APAICS (formerly the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus Institute) 
was established in 1995 as a nonprofit, nonpartisan, national organization 
dedicated to increasing the participation of Asian Pacific Americans in 
public policy on the national level. 
About the Asian Buying Consortium (ABC) 
The Asian Buying Consortium was established in 1995 to provide discounts 
primarily to the Asian American small businesses and consumer market. 
Through its interactive Web site, ABCFLASH, ABC seeks to highlight Asian 
American issues, news and information that would benefit the community as a 
Asian Pacific American Institute for Congressional Studies 
(formerly the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus Institute) 
209 Pennsylvania Ave., S.E. Suite 100 
Washington, DC  20003 
Tel: 202-547-9100 
Fax: 202-547-9109 
E-Mail:  capaci[at] 
14. Asian and Pacific Islander American Heritage Month - Census Facts 
(sent to the list EQUILIBR) 
    Census Bureau Facts for Features 
    A product of the U.S. Census Bureau's Public Information Office 
CB98-FF.05    April 27, 1998 
  Asian and Pacific Islander American 
Heritage Month: May 1-31 
Population distribution 
On February 1, 1998, there were an estimated 10.2 million Asians and 
Pacific Islanders in the United States, comprising 3.8 percent of the 
total population. Since July 1, 1990, the Asian and Pacific Islander 
population has increased 35 percent, while the non-Hispanic White 
population grew 3 percent. 
The nation's Asian and Pacific Islander population is young, with an 
estimated median age on February 1, 1998, of 31.1 years more than 6 
years younger than the median for the non-Hispanic White population. 
According to middle-series population projections, the nation's Asian 
and Pacific Islander population is expected to grow to more than 11 
million and represent 4.1 percent of the total population by the turn 
of the century. By the middle of the next century, it is expected to 
reach 34 million and comprise 9 percent of the nation's total 
In 1996, 55.4 percent of the nation's Asians and Pacific Islanders 
lived in the West and 94.2 percent resided in metro areas (49.5 percent in 
suburbs, 44.7 percent in central cities). 
Ten states had 200,000 or more Asian and Pacific Islander residents as of 
July 1, 1996: California (3.7 million, or nearly 40 percent of the U.S. 
total), New York (920,000), Hawaii (750,000), Texas (500,000), New Jersey 
(400,000), Illinois (370,000), Washington (300,000), Florida (250,000), 
Virginia (220,000) and Massachusetts (200,000). 
The two states where Asians and Pacific Islanders made up the greatest 
percentage of the July 1, 1996, population were Hawaii (63 percent) and 
California (12 percent). 
Six of the 10 counties with the highest number of Asian and Pacific 
Islander residents on July 1, 1996, were located in California. The 
10 counties were: Los Angeles, Calif. (1.2 million), Honolulu, Hawaii 
(560,000), Santa Clara, Calif. (340,000), Orange, Calif. (340,000), 
Queens, N.Y. (310,000), San Diego, Calif. (270,000), San Francisco, 
Calif. (260,000), Alameda, Calif. (250,000), Cook, Ill. (240,000) and 
Harris, Texas (170,000). 
In 1997, 85 percent of the nation's Asians and Pacific Islanders age 25 
and over had at least a high school diploma, while 42 percent had earned 
at least a bachelor's degree. The corresponding proportions for Whites 
were 83 percent and 25 percent. 
Nearly one-seventh of the 32,000 doctorates awarded by U.S. universities 
in 1995 were conferred on non-Hispanic Asians and Pacific Islanders. This 
racial group also accounted for roughly one-third of the doctorates 
awarded in engineering and one-quarter of those conferred in the physical 
sciences (astronomy, physics and chemistry) and mathematics. (The universe 
does not include students with temporary visas.) 
Income and Poverty 
In 1996, Asians and Pacific Islanders had the highest median household 
income ($43,276) among all race and Hispanic origin groups in the United 
States. After adjusting for inflation, their income remained statistically 
unchanged from 1995 levels. Although Asians and Pacific Islanders as 
a group had the highest median household income in 1996, their income per 
household member was not statistically different from that of White 
The poverty rate for Asians and Pacific Islanders in 1996 was 14.5 
percent, also statistically unchanged from 1995. The rate was lower 
for non-Hispanic Whites (8.6 percent) but higher for African Americans 
(28.4 percent) and Hispanics (29.4 percent). (The latter two rates are not 
statistically different from one another.) 
In 1996, 35 percent of the nation's employed Asian and Pacific Islander 
men and 31 percent of women age 16 and over worked in managerial and 
professional specialty jobs (e.g., engineers, dentists, teachers, lawyers 
and reporters). For men, this was the most common occupational category 
while for women, it was second to technical, sales and administrative 
support jobs, where 38 percent worked. 
Coming to America 
In 1997, the nation's total foreign-born population numbered 25.8 million, 
of which 24 percent were Asians and Pacific Islanders. 
Asians and Pacific Islanders born in this country represented 1.6 percent 
of the nation's native-born population in 1997. 
As of 1997, 6 in 10 Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States 
were foreign-born. 
In 1996, there were 2.1 million Asian and Pacific Islander families 
in the United States, 8 in 10 of them married-couple families. Asian 
and Pacific Islander families are large: 22 percent had five or more 
persons, compared with 11 percent of non-Hispanic White families. 
Eight in 10 Asian and Pacific Islander children lived with both 
parents in 1996. Fewer than 7 in 10 children of all races did so. 
In 1997, married couples with children comprised 34 percent of the 
nation's Asian and Pacific Islander households. Married couples 
without children constituted 24 percent while persons living alone 
made up 19 percent. The rest of the households consisted of people in 
other types of living arrangements. 
In 1997, 62 percent of the nation's Asians and Pacific Islanders age 
18 and over were married, 29 percent had never married, 5 percent 
each were divorced and widowed and 2 percent were separated. 
Languages Spoken 
Between 1980 and 1995, the number of registrations in Japanese courses at 
U.S. colleges and universities quadrupled, from 11,500 to 44,700, while 
the number in Chinese courses more than doubled, from 11,400 to 26,500. 
Consequently, Japanese is now the fourth most popular foreign language 
course in U.S. colleges; Chinese is sixth. 
As of 1992, Chinese was tied with German as the third most common foreign 
language in which the nation's 17 million small businesses can conduct 
transactions: 2 percent can conduct them in Chinese. The leaders are 
Spanish and French.>; 
The number of businesses in the United States owned by Asians and Pacific 
Islanders increased 56 percent between 1987 and 1992, from 386,291 to 
603,426. Receipts generated by these businesses increased 163 percent, 
from $36.5 billion to $96.0 billion. 
Among Asian and Pacific Islander groups, persons of Chinese origin owned 
the most U.S. firms in 1992 (153,096), followed by those of Korean origin 
(104,918) and those of Asian Indian origin (93,340). 
The preceding facts come from the Current Population Survey, the 
Statistical Abstract of the United States, population estimates and 
projections, the Survey of Minority-Owned Business Enterprises and the 
Characteristics of Business Owners Survey.  Data in this Census Bureau 
Facts for Features are subject to nonsampling errors. Some are also 
subject to sampling variability. See referenced sources for detailed 
Each month, the Census Bureau will provide previously released statistics 
pertaining to selected events or holidays occurring that month. Questions 
or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau's Public Information 
Office (Tel: 301-457-3030; Fax: 301-457-3670; E-mail: pio[at] 
Previous 1998 Census Bureau Facts for Features were issued for 
African-American History Month (February 1-28), Valentine's Day (February 
14), Women's History Month (March 1-31) and Secretaries' Day (April 22). 
15. AEQ - Academic Exchange Quarterly - Invitation to Publish 
(sent to ALA member forum list) 
AEQ, Academic Exchange Quarterly, is an 
excellent publication outlet for anyone, whether you are 
in the "publish or perish" tenure track or not. 
AEQ is not an electronic journal. It is a traditional,  paper 
format, refereed, about 80 pages, quarterly.  It is read 
in thirty seven states, Canada, England... English speaking 
authors are welcomed from any country. 
Here is a sample of articles from the past three issues. 
FALL 1997 
 1. Teaming up against plagiarism: an interactive classroom 
      and  library project 
 2.  Two heads are better than one: team teaching in the 
      information age 
 3.  First year nursing students and critical thinking 
 4.  Using the internet to teach critical thinking 
 5.  All I ever really needed to know about composition theory I 
      learned in kindergarten 
 6.  plus  twenty three more articles 
WINTER  1997 
 7.   Comparing self-contained hypertext applications and hypermedia 
       on the world wide web: implications for collegiate instruction 
 8.  Interpreting the many facets communication of a science classroom 
 9.  Problems with a lecture-based teaching methodology in higher 
10.  Why surf when you can dive in?  Information navigation using three 
      dimensional data modeling 
11.  plus  twenty more articles 
SPRING  1998 
12.  Carrying the darkness: teaching the soldier - poetry of the Vietnam 
13.  Service learning:  defining the essentials 
14.  Adjunct faculty:  a closer look at an overlooked resource 
15.  An analysis of  business communication students 
       types and learning style 
16.  Creating new pathways to education for students with access 
17.  plus twenty more articles... 
AEQs subject editors will work with you to make certain that your 
text is ready for publication...  try us youll 
like it.   However, we do not pay any royalties... 
Manuscripts, 500-6000 words, received by  May 19th will be 
considered for Summer  issue;   July 15 - Fall issue. 
Yearly subscription (four issues): $49 for institutions, 
$29 for individuals. 
All the best 
Steve Pec, Editor 
Academic Exchange Quarterly 
Chattanooga State 
Chattanooga, TN  37406-109 
Fax:  423-697-4409 

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