Library Juice 1:23 - July 15, 1998

1. News stories appearing in the July 13 American Libraries Online 
2. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic--LOC 
3. Federal Trade Commission About Privacy 
4. Best Places to Live in America 1998--_Money_ 
5. For the Record 1997: The UN Human Rights System 
6. Contents Pages From Law Reviews and Other Scholarly Journals 
7. Conservative News Service--MRC 
8. AFLIB-L - Listserv about African Libraries 
9. African Journals Online (AJOL) 
10. Contours - new journal on people of African descent worldwide 
11. Bibliographies on Queer Theory for the beginner 
12. Sustainable Development Timeline 
13. Web Resources from Gary Price, George Washington University 
14. Socially Responsible Careers - Jobs You Can Live With (new book) 
15. June Issue of Electronic Green Journal analyzes anti-green web content 
16. EPIC/PI Launch New Privacy Web Site: 
17. Call for essays - Women's and Gender Studies Literature in Libraries 
18. Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography, version 19 
20. The MAI and libraries 
Quote of the week: 
"Never regard your study as a duty, but as the enviable opportunity to 
learn to know the liberating influence of beauty in the realm of spirit for 
your own personal joy and to the profit of the community to which your 
later work belongs."  -Albert Einstein 
1. News stories appearing in the July 13 American Libraries Online 
*  Library of Congress, Smithsonian Plan Music Museum 
*  14,410 Letters Protest ALA Filtering Policy 
*  New Library Postal Rate Will Reflect Modest Increase 
*  Texas School District Unplugs Filter 
*  Burst Pipe Douses University of Iowa Library 
*  Republicans Discuss E-Rate with High-Tech Leaders 
*  Gilreath Sentenced for LC Theft 
*  Blame for Fiscal Woes Shifts from Director to Board 
*  Morgan Library Gains Pierre Matisse Archives 
*  Meeting Held on Boston Branch Vandalism 
*  Getty Buys World's Most Expensive Book 
American Libraries'  Web site also features the latest "Internet 
Librarian" columns by Karen Schneider; AL's "Career Leads" job ads; 
listings of conferences, continuing-education courses, exhibitions, and 
other events from AL's "Datebook"; and Tables of Contents for the 
current year. 
2. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic--LOC 
This magnificent companion site to a new US Library of Congress exhibit 
draws upon the holdings of the Library and other archives to illustrate the 
importance of religion in the founding and making of America during the 
17th through 19th centuries. The site is divided into eight parts, 
including America as a Religious Refuge, Religion and the American 
Revolution, and Religion and the New Republic. Each section consists of 
background information and thumbnail images of manuscript fragments, 
portraits, book title pages, documents, or other artifacts. These images, 
which users can enlarge by clicking on the thumbnails, are contextualized 
by the accompanying detailed captions and bibliographical information. In 
addition to the over 200 images, the site contains a complete object list 
of the exhibition. [JS] 
The Scout Report: 
3. Federal Trade Commission About Privacy 
_Privacy Online: A Report to Congress_ 
The US Federal Trade Commission provides this site, highlighted by the 
availability of its _Privacy Online: A Report to Congress_. This 43 page 
monograph "provides an assessment of the effectiveness of self-regulation 
as a means of protecting consumer privacy on the World Wide Web,... based 
on a comprehensive online survey of the information practices of commercial 
Web sites, including sites directed to children, conducted in March 1998; 
an examination of current industry guidelines governing information 
practices online; and the record developed in Commission hearings and 
workshops held since 1995." In addition, the site offers tips on how to 
protect personal information, transcripts of relevant congressional 
testimony, useful information about protecting your privacy while you 
"travel" the Net, and FTC pamphlets on consumer protection and privacy 
information, among other features. [JS] 
The Scout Report: 
4. Best Places to Live in America 1998--_Money_ 
1997 Rankings 
1996 Rankings 
_Money_ magazine has added a new wrinkle to its annual Best Places to Live 
rankings. The controversial, yet fascinating, rankings no longer provide 
one single list. Lists are now broken out by size within geographical area, 
ending the possibility for any one city to create billboards claiming 
itself the best place to live. In this way, the rankings hope to "narrow 
the scope and rank each place within its own region and population group," 
while also guaranteeing that no city can finish lower than 50th. Each city 
ranking is accompanied by a statistical snapshot, and there is an 
explanatory paragraph for the winners. The site also allows users to 
compare costs of living between any two cities and find the best city for 
them based on 63 factors in nine categories. Rankings for 1997 and 1996 are 
still available. [JS] 
The Scout Report: 
5. For the Record 1997: The UN Human Rights System 
Produced by Human Rights Internet (HRI), this six volume report provides a 
country-by-country overview of human rights issues with links to relevant 
UN documents. The first volume includes an introduction, an appendix of UN 
bodies and mechanisms, a discussion of methodological and technical issues, 
and notes on major developments in the United Nations human rights system 
during 1997. The remaining volumes contain individual country reports, 
grouped by region. Each report contains links to treaties and reports to 
treaty bodies on a number of key topics. These include: Land and People; 
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Civil and Political Rights; 
Discrimination against Women; and Rights of the Child. Additional resources 
at the site include an internal search engine. [MD] 
The Scout Report: 
6. Contents Pages From Law Reviews and Other Scholarly Journals--UT 
Tarleton Law Library 
The University of Texas at Austin's Tarleton Law Library provides this 
simple and powerful current awareness tool to help law researchers keep 
abreast of articles in the over 750 law reviews and scholarly publications 
Tarleton receives. The library posts tables of contents for journals it has 
received within the past three months. Journals are listed alphabetically 
and organized in very broad geographic terms (US and non-US). Simple 
keyword searching is available. TLL provides document delivery of requested 
articles for a fee. [JS] 
The Scout Report: 
7. Conservative News Service--MRC 
Provided by the Media Resource Center, the Conservative News Service aims 
to give users an alternative to what it calls "a liberal bias in the 
American news media and a frequent, liberal double-standard in editorial 
decisions on what constitutes 'news'." It does this via a mix of short 
digest news articles and longer analytical articles in eight areas, 
including politics, economics, defense, religion, and culture. The 
X-Pert/Files/Links section contains links to conservative experts and their 
institutions in 45 subject areas. In addition, the site includes links to 
information about several conservative talk shows ("Radio Uplink") and 
several bulletin boards. CNS was created by MRC Chairman L. Brent Bozell 
III. [JS] 
The Scout Report: 
8. The AFLIB-L Listserv is about African Libraries. 
AFLIB-L is a new, lightly moderated, discussion list that aims to provide a 
forum for libraries in Africa and "encourage contact and communication 
between and among professionals on the continent." The Primary language 
will be English, but they soon hope to support French and Portuguese as 
well. Anticipated themes for discussion include professional problems and 
issues, the application of technology, and notices of major projects. 
To subscribe send email message to (leave subject line blank): 
In the body of the message type: 
        subscribe AFLIB-L Yourrealfirstname Yousecondname 
For complete details on AFLIB-L, please contact the moderator at 
Warmest Regards 
Arun Kumar Tripathi 
9. African Journals Online (AJOL) 
International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications 
African Journals Online aims to promote the awareness and use of 
African-published journals in science, technology and medicine. 
It offers access to either the tables of contents or the full text of 
journals published since 1997. 
Tables of contents of seven journals in science and technology are 
available at the INASP site on: 
Expansion is planned and a further ten journals have been approached. 
Photocopies of articles appearing in the tables of contents may be 
purchased from INASP and profits from these will be remitted to the 
journal concerned. 
The full text of three medical journals is available as part of the 
Bioline service on: 
Users of Bioline can subscribe to a journal or pay for the full text of 
individual articles.  Prices are supplied by the publisher and all 
is returned to the publisher. 
African Journals Online is managed by INASP and received initial funding 
from UNESCO. 
---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
From NetInLib-Announce: 
10. Contours - new journal on people of African descent worldwide 
Contours, a new, multidisciplinary journal exploring the experiences of 
people of African descent all over the world, invites submissions for 
its premier issues.  Contours will publish refereed scholarly articles, 
fiction, poetry, and societal and cultural commentaries.  The journal 
will publish scholarly articles from disciplines as diverse as 
sociology, political science, history, anthropology, and psychology; 
art, film, music, literary, and cultural criticism; and medicine and 
the health sciences. 
Suggested deadline for submissions is August 1, 1998; later submissions 
will be considered for Volume Two.  Preferred language for submissions 
is English; however, we will accept manuscripts in any language.  If a 
manuscript in a language other than English is accepted, a translation 
will be published.  Contours will be published three times a year by 
Indiana University Press and is supported by the African and 
African-American Studies program and the history department at Duke 
To request a style sheet, inquire further, or to submit manuscripts 
(four copies), contact: 
Contours, Duke University, Box 90719, 121-N Carr Building, 
Durham, NC  27708, USA 
(919) 660-3197 
fax:  (919) 660-3198 
Book Reviews 
If you would like your recently published or forthcoming book 
to be considered for review in Contours, please have your 
publisher submit a review copy to: 
Professor Sheila Smith McKoy 
Book Review Editor, Contours 
English Department 
Vanderbilt University 
Nashville, TN  37235  USA 
Lynda Horn, Assistant Editor, Contours 
11. Bibliographies on Queer Theory for the beginner 
X-To: The Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Librarians Network <gay-libn[at]> 
On Wed, 3 Jun 1998, Dion Smythe wrote: 
> I tired this on another discussion list but they were so busy have a 
> queer moment of fanniage and name-calling that the request sank with 
> only one response. However: if _you_ were asked for a beginner's 
> biblio on Queer Theory, what would _you_ recommend? 
> I'm not after so much the full monty [ho ho] of the scholarly biblio, 
> but what people think is useful/accessible/a good read/provoking. 
> Dion 
You might try looking at: 
Nordquist, Joan. 
Queer theory: a bibliography. 
Santa Cruz, CA: Reference and Research Services, 1997. 
(Social theory, no. 48) 
Here are some monos/collection that may help: 
Garber, Linda 
Lesbian identity poetics: judy Grahn, Pat Parker, and rise of queer 
Foster, Thomas C.... 
The gay '90s: disciplinary and interdisciplinary formations in queer 
Jagose, Annamarie. 
Queer theory: an introduction. 
Seidman, Steven. 
Queer theory: an introduction. 
More gender trouble: feminism meets queer theory. 
Sinfiled, Alan. 
Cultural politics, queer reading. 
Garber, Linda. 
Tilting the tower: lesbians, teaching, queer subjects. 
De Lauretis, Teresa. 
queer theory: lesbian and gay sexualities 
12. Sustainable Development Timeline 
A new tool for understanding Sustainable Development. 
The Sustainable Development Timeline was prepared by the International 
Institute for Sustainable Development, through the project "Spinning the 
Web", sponsored by the International Development Research Centre and 
Stacy Matwick 
Information for Sustainable Development Project 
International Institute for Sustainable Development 
161 Portage Ave., E 6th floor 
Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada  R3B 0Y4 
Voice: (204)958-7755  Fax: (204)958-7710 
E-mail: smatwick[at] 
WWW home page: 
A very old man once directed his gardener to plant a beautiful but slow 
growing tree. "Do you realize." said the gardener. "This tree won't bear 
fruit for decades?"  "Why then," said the old man, "plant it right away, 
for there is no time to lose." 
From NetInLib-Announce.  Details at: 
13. Web Resources from Gary Price, George Washington University 
Subject:      Web Resources Update 
To: Multiple recipients of list COMLIB-L <COMLIB-L[at]LSV.UKY.EDU> 
Greetings from D.C. 
A quick message to alert all of you that the web compilations that I 
maintain continue to grow at a rapid pace. Please come by for a visit. 
Your invited to check in often as new links are added throughout the week. 
Direct Search 
Numerous additions to all areas. Make special note 
of the "Government (U.S. State & City)" link. Several additions have 
been made to this collection as well. 
btw, this page can be contacted directly at: 
Recent additions include: 
Internal Revenue Service-Exempt Organization Database 
Nuclear Explosion Database 
State of Washington Business Records 
New York Lobby Data 
Web Based Verb Conjugator 
Real-Time In Flight Airplane Tracking 
UNESCO Register of Development Activities 
List of Lists 
Several new lists along with along with updating broken 
or outdated links. Also a new lower-level page has be created with links 
to major bestseller lists and new book lists. 
Other additions include: 
Forbes Richest People (Woldwide Billionaires) 
100 Best Places to Work in IS (Computerworld) 
Connecticut Top 100 Delinquent Taxpayer Accounts 
1998 Washington Post 200 
Various WWW Rankings and Statistics (Internet World) 
Speech and Transcript Center 
Recent addtions include: 
Speeches from- 
Asian Development Bank Officials 
Prime Minsiter Tony Blair 
Speeches by senior central bankers from around the world 
Gary D. Price, MLIS 
George Washington University 
Virginia Campus 
Washington, D.C. and Ashburn, VA 
703-729-8237 (fax) 
14.  Socially Responsible Careers - Jobs You Can Live With (new book) 
Please feel free to repost this message or reprint it in an appropriate 
Socially Responsible Careers. 
Jobs You Can Live With 
Reviewed by 
Fred Stoss 
(SUNY University at Buffalo) 
Jobs You Can Live With: Working at the Crossroads of Science, Technology, 
and Society 
Susan M. Higman, Ed. 
Student Pugwash USA 
815 15th Street, N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20005 
202/393-6550 FAX 
This is a directory of organizations working for a better world. The 
mission of Student Pugwash USA is to promote socially responsible 
applications of science and technology in the 21st century. Each entry is 
provide the standard point-of-contact information and a profile of the 
organization (including its mission statement, programs, and descriptions 
and requirements for available positions and internships. Additional 
chapters provide helpful hints for job searching, resume and 
cover letter preparation preparation, interviewing tips, and other 
relevant resources for locating sources of employment. Jobs You Can Live 
With is for students and young professionals who are in the midst of their 
academic studies or are just beginning their careers and want to start 
their lifes work by creating a more just, secure, and sustainable world. A 
tremendous resource for identifying internship opportunities. The 
environmental and natural resources are very well represented in this 
compendium. Thanks to a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 
this reference book can be ordered free of charge. 
15.  June Issue of Electronic Green Journal analyzes anti-green web content 
Please route this to other lists, newsletter editors, and others having an 
interest in the environment. 
The June 1998 issue of the Electronic Green Journal opens with a very 
profound editorial, Hot Air on the Web. It is an important description of 
the virulent anti-environmental rhetoric that is running rampant around 
the country, and describes some of the tactics being used to contort and 
confuse environmental issues to meet predetermined political and financial 
agendas. It can be accessed at: 
16. EPIC/PI Launch New Privacy Web Site: 
EPIC and Privacy International have launched The Privacy Page, a 
completely redesigned online privacy resource located at  In addition to a regularly updated news archive on 
privacy issues, the site features links to privacy tools, privacy 
resources, international privacy sites, consumer information, kids and 
privacy, and the EPIC privacy bookstore.  StraightScoop, another 
weekly feature, presents an opinionated summary of the main issues in 
the current online privacy debate. 
The Privacy Page is available at: 
17. Call for essays Women's and Gender Studies Literature in Libraries 
The Centre for Interdisciplinary Women's Studies (ZiF) at Humboldt 
University Berlin (Federal Republic of Germany) publishes twice a year a 
"Bulletin" with a certain theme in every volume. The proposed "Bulletin" 
for the summer semester 1999 will take a look at several aspects of 
literature about women's and gender studies in libraries and current 
standpoints in the information science concerning these questions. This is 
a wide field and both in theoretical and practical ways more developed in 
the US, Canada and Northern Europe than in Germany itself. There are also 
differences between America and Germany in the historical ways of 
institutionalization of women's studies which determined the ways how books 
are collected and stored. I've been running the information and 
documentation at ZiF as an information specialist for nine years. It is on 
the one hand connected with a Berlin wide Lesbians' and Women's Archives 
Network. On the other hand our office belongs to the library system of 
Humboldt University. Since we established a Curriculum for Gender Studies 
in October 1997 we are responsible for ordering literature for the 
university library reqired for women's and gender studies, too. This is the 
basis our questions about women's studies collections are rising from. For 
our proposed bulletin we are looking for essays about your experiences how 
to build up and develop women's/gender studies collections, how to 
integrate or specially locate them in a larger library system and how to 
evaluate them. (I've read the basic literature from - for example - Suzanne 
Hildenbrand, Sarah M. Pritchard, Susan E. Searing, Hur-Li Lee a.o. and of 
cource the proceedings of the last International Women's Conference on 
Information 1994 ("Women, Information, and the Future") with the very 
interesting experiences from Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands as well.) 
We are especially interested in theoretical frameworks about the special or 
integrated place of women's studies collections in libraries or large 
university library systems. We'd like to publish experiences about user 
interests to gender studies as an interdisciplinary access and about the 
evaluation of collections (conspectus, collection development policy 
statements - we don't yet have in Germany!). 
Your essays should be written in English (or German); they should be 3-20 
pages long. Please send your articles, completed with some information 
about your vita by November 1, 1998 to: 
Dr. Karin Aleksander, 
Zentrum fuer interdisziplinaere Frauenforschung, 
Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, 
Unter den Linden 6, 
Sitz: Sophienstr. 22 A, 
D-10099 Berlin. 
You could send it as an attachment to: karin=aleksander[at] 
Early submissions are very welcome. Unfortunately we can't pay for your 
article, but we will send you two copies of that "Bulletin". 
Sincerely, Karin Aleksander 
18. Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography, version 19 
Version 19 of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 
is now available.  This selective bibliography presents over 
600 articles, books, electronic documents, and other sources 
that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing 
efforts on the Internet and other networks. 
     HTML: <URL:> 
     Acrobat: <URL:> 
     Word: <URL:> 
The HTML document is designed for interactive use.  Each 
major section is a separate file.  There are live links to 
sources available on the Internet.  It can be can be searched, 
and it includes a collection of links to related Web sites 
that deal with scholarly electronic publishing issues. 
The Acrobat and Word files are designed for printing. 
Each file is over 190 KB. 
(Revised sections in this version are marked with an asterisk.) 
Table of Contents 
1 Economic Issues* 
2 Electronic Books and Texts 
     2.1 Case Studies and History* 
     2.2 General Works 
     2.3 Library Issues 
3  Electronic Serials 
     3.1 Case Studies and History 
     3.2 Critiques 
     3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals* 
     3.4 General Works* 
     3.5 Library Issues* 
     3.6 Research 
4 General Works 
5 Legal Issues 
     5.1 Intellectual Property Rights* 
     5.2 License Agreements* 
     5.3 Other Legal Issues 
6  Library Issues 
     6.1 Cataloging, Classification, and Metadata 
     6.2 Digital Libraries* 
     6.3 General Works* 
     6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation* 
7 New Publishing Models 
8 Publisher Issues 
     8.1 Electronic Commerce/Copyright Systems* 
Appendix A. Related Bibliographies by the Same Author 
Appendix B. About the Author 
Best Regards, 
Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Assistant Dean for Systems, 
University Libraries, University of Houston, Houston, TX 
77204-2091.  E-mail: cbailey[at]  Voice: (713) 743-9804. 
Fax: (713) 743-9811. 
Subject:      The Ethics of electronic Information 
             **** EXTENDED CALL FOR PAPERS **** 
 Fogelman Executive Center, The University of Memphis 
 September 24-27, 1998 
 Sponsored by:  The University of Memphis Libraries and The University 
                of Tennessee - Memphis Health Sciences Library and 
                Biocommunications Center 
 URL for EEI21 - Memphis - 1997: 
 The  proceedings for EEI21 - Memphis - 1997 will be published by Purdue 
 University Press in Summer, 1998. 
 See also 
 Fogelman Executive Center, The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, U.S.A. 
 Additional Memphis Web Site: 
 The Symposium Executive Organizing Committee seeks original research and 
 application oriented papers and presentations from scholars and practitioners 
 engaged in a broad array of subject areas and academic disciplines, and 
 which address ethical issues attendant to the proliferation of electronic 
 information and information technology. The deadline for receipt of proposals 
 is July 24, 1998. The following guidelines should be observed in the 
 preparation and submission of proposals: 
 1. The proposal should be an abstract of your paper which is at least 500 
 words in length. 
 2. The heading should include the title of your paper, followed by the 
 name(s) and affiliation(s) of the author(s), and the name, address, FAX 
 number, and e-mail address of the author who will present the paper at the 
 3. Acceptance will be at the discretion of the Review Committee.  The 
 Committee anticipates acceptance of approximately 15 to 18 papers for 
 presentation at the symposium. The presenting author will be notified 
 of the Committee decision no later than two weeks after receipt of the 
 4. Upon acceptance of  proposals, authors are  required to forward by 
 September 4, 1998, a copy of their papers as a MS Word 6.0 file. The 
 text, format, and citations of all papers must follow _The Chicago Manual 
 of Style_. 
 5.   PROPOSALS SHOULD BE SENT BY July 24, 1998 TO: 
        Dr. Lester J. Pourciau 
        Director of Libraries and Chairman 
        Executive Organizing Committee, EEI21 - Memphis 
        McWherter Library 203 
        The University of Memphis 
        Campus Box 526500 
        Memphis, TN 38152-6500 
        Email:  pourciau[at] 
        Mr. Tom Mendina 
        Assistant to the Director 
        The University of Memphis Libraries 
        Phone:   901/678-4310 
        FAX:    901/678-8218 
        Email:   tmendina[at] 
20. The MAI and libraries 
Subject:      The MAI and libraries 
Dear list members, 
The following document was prepared for the British Columbia Library 
Association Information Policy Committee and distributed at the annual 
Canadian Library Association conference in June 1998.  Because the MAI 
would affect libraries around the world, we are forwarding this document 
to the IFLA list.  Written primarily for a Canadian audience, many of the 
points should nevertheless be relevant elsewhere.  We hope that you will 
find it both informative and useful.  Please feel free to distribute 
 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Absolutely nothing!  Read on for more information..... 
The MAI, or Multilateral Agreement on Investment, is a treaty being 
negotiated by the OECD countries to facilitate the flow of capital across 
borders and around the world.   Paving the way for the "global economy", 
the MAI proposes to create a "level playing field" for investors by 
drawing up investment guidelines and by standardizing the treatment of 
foreign investment globally.  Unfortunately, this treaty would be 
devastating for the citizens of the signatory countries.  All sectors of 
society would be affected including labour, the environment, health care, 
education and culture, as capital finds itself free to flow everywhere, 
even into areas that are now considered public. 
Often referred to as "NAFTA on steroids", the MAI is a similar type of 
treaty, but one that goes well beyond NAFTA in granting multinational 
corporations incredible powers, most notably by preventing governments 
from creating new laws, and enabling corporations to take governments to 
court for trying to enforce existing laws, should these laws (new or 
existing) conflict with the articles of the MAI. 
Sound incredible?  But it's true. 
The MAI would affect countries all over the world, starting with the OECD 
member states, and working its way into the developing world.  All sectors 
of society would be affected.  Contrary to popular belief, a belief 
encouraged somewhat by mainstream media's reporting on the issue, the MAI 
is not dead.  It is very much alive, just resting. 
Yes.  Public libraries could disappear altogether. 
Under the MAI's "national treatment" clause, foreign corporations have the 
right to the same treatment as national companies.  They must not be 
discriminated against and must receive the same perks as nationals. 
Because libraries receive subsidies from the government, and because 
subsidies fall within shooting range of the MAI, libraries could find 
themselves in jeopardy. 
Consider the following scenario: A foreign "information services" company 
enters (in this case) Canada and sets up operation.  The company defines 
its services as similar to those offered by libraries here in Canada.  It 
then demands equal treatment with Canadian libraries under the articles of 
the MAI.  Equal treatment would include government subsidies, and the 
government would then be faced with the following options in response to 
this demand: 
1. Subsidize the information services companies to the same degree as 
2. Decrease subsidies to libraries, and then extend this decreased level 
        of assistance to the foreign corporations as well. 
3. Cut funding to libraries altogether and thereby avoid subsidizing every 
        information services company that enters Canada. 
Option #3 is the government's most probable choice, or, less likely, 
option #2.  Libraries are already struggling under current funding levels. 
The worst case scenario could be a complete closure of public libraries 
due to lack of funds.  Another possibility is that they would take the 
initiative and start their own fund-raising, including fee-for-service 
schemes, a trend that has already found roots in some library systems in 
The end result would be reduced service to the public.  Potentially, they 
could lose access through libraries and have to pay the information 
services companies for the information they need, or, should libraries 
survive, the public would be required to pay them for services that were 
once free.  Libraries would be in competition with corporations and 
information would become a commodity in the marketplace. 
At the moment, there is some assurance of equitable access to information 
for all citizens. If the above scenario were to play itself out, 
information access could be restricted to all but the richest in our 
Education and health care have been pin-pointed as potential casualties 
under the MAI.  Consider the possibility of privatized education - schools 
and post secondary institutions vying for paying "customers".  How will 
academic libraries fare?  We could see the day when academic libraries 
will serve only those who can prove they've paid the price of admission. 
How about cooperation between libraries?  Will interlibrary loan become a 
thing of the past? 
Copyright legislation could come under fire.  Specifically, the 
fair dealings clause, which allows library users to make a copy of a part 
of a work for personal use only.  A corporation (such as a publisher) 
could easily see such copying as an interference in their ability to make 
a profit and could challenge it at an international tribunal at the World 
Trade Organization.  Under the MAI's "expropriation" clause, which states 
that any obstruction of a corporation's ability to make a profit is 
challengeable, they could be successful at such a bid. 
Another concern stems from the MAI's lack of performance 
requirements for multinational corporations.   At the moment, Canadian 
libraries are required to use Canadian distributors to acquire their 
materials.  Given the above scenario, where information services companies 
could be competing with libraries, the foreign corporations would not be 
required to use local distributors, buy local materials, or support local 
authors.  Clearly, the collections in Canadian libraries could suffer, to 
say nothing of the book trade and the health of our literary communities. 
One dominant culture could emerge around the world. 
The scenarios presented here could play themselves out the world over, 
differing in the details but having the same overall effect: a reduction 
in the quality of life of the general population and the health and 
vitality of the society, all in the name of the global corporation's 
right to make a profit. 
To date, there has been no public input.  The British Columbia government 
has openly opposed the MAI and will be holding public hearings in the fall 
of 1998. 
- Concerned citizens are welcome to submit briefs stating their concerns. 
- If you are not a resident of BC, write your provincial government, 
demanding similar hearings in your province.  Provinces that have spoken 
out against the MAI include: PEI, British Columbia, the Yukon and 
- On the federal level, voice your opposition to the treaty by 
contacting the Honourable Sergio Marchi, Minister for International Trade: 
fax: (613) 947-4452; email: Marchi.S[at] and the Office of the 
Prime Minister: fax: (613) 941-6900 or send an email through the following 
Finally, stay informed on the issues of globalization and the MAI.  Spread 
the word and educate others.  Knowledge and public outcry are the world's 
best weapons against this treaty and others like it.  The following 
websites contain up-to-date information on the MAI, including the draft 
text of the actual agreement: and 
In April 1998, the British Columbia Library Association added its voice to 
the growing number of organizations opposed to the treaty.  We invite you 
to take this information back to your home province and petition your own 
association to take similar action. 
BCLA Information Policy Committee 
prepared by Fiona Hunt 
June, 1998 
Fiona Hunt, MLIS 
*   IFLA-L is provided by the International Federation of Library     * 
* Associations and Institutions (IFLA). For further information about * 
*    IFLA activities, including organization or personal affiliate    * 
*               information, contact:  IFLA[at]                  * 
*                                                                     * 
*                      URL:                              * 

Web Page created by Text2Web v1.3.6 by Dev Virdi
Date: Thursday, October 29, 1998 12:08 PM