Library Juice 1:3 - February 4, 1998


  1-6 from the Internic Scout Report 
1. WordNet - Lexical Reference System. 
2. DOD Dictionary of Military Terms 
3. State of the Union Addresses Past and Present 
4. Harappa 
5. The Great Movies - Roger Ebert 
6. Technical Management of Internet Names and Addresses 
7.  Website:  Filtering and Censorware in Libraries (Chuck Munson's) 
8.  Resources in Information Management 
9.  Onomastics Page (study of names) 
10. Videotapes from 1997 Internet Librarian Conference 
12. ALA Spectrum Initiative 
13. Women's Speeches from Around the World 
14. Copyright Bill  -  Action Alert 
15. Call for Papers - Socioeconomic Aspects of Electronic Publishing 
16. Library Journal News Brief on Munson's Anti-Filtering Site 
17. Munson's Reaction to LJ News Brief 
18. Chuck Munson Rebuts Enemy-of-Freedom David Burt 
19. Editor's Note 
WordNet [Frames] 
WordNet is a powerful lexical reference system that combines aspects of 
dictionaries and thesauri with current psycholinguistic theories of 
human lexical memory. It is produced by the Cognitive Science Laboratory 
at Princeton University, under the direction of Professor George Miller. 
In WordNet, words are defined and grouped into various related sets of 
synonyms. Not only is the system valuable to the casual user as a 
powerful thesaurus and dictionary, but also to the researcher as one of 
the few freely available, lexical databases. WordNet is available via an 
on-line interface and also as easy-to-compile C source code for Unix. 
DOD Dictionary of Military Terms 
The US Department of Defense Defense Technical Information Center 
provides this handy dictionary, derived from Joint Publication 1-02, 
"DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms." Users can browse the 
dictionary alphabetically or search it. Definitions are terse but clear. 
Cross references are provided but, unfortunately, not hyperlinked at 
this time. The dictionary also contains both terms and acronyms & 
abbreviations. The latter two can be browsed or searched separately from 
a link on the dictionary page. [JS] 
State of the Union Addresses--Past and Present [RealPlayer] 
Presidential Speeches and Writings 
President Clinton's State of the Union Message, delivered January 27, 
1998, is available in both text and RealPlayer formats at the White 
House site. The White House has also posted a useful collection of 
background materials relating to the main themes of the President's 
address. For Internauts who would like to place this year's speech in 
historical perspective, the presidents index at George Welling's From 
Revolution to Reconstruction site (discussed in the February 9, 1996 
Scout Report) offers the full text of a number of selected State of the 
Union messages by previous presidents. [MD] 
Harappa [QuickTime, RealPlayer] 
No Frames: 
Harappa was a city in the Indus Valley civilization that flourished 
around 2,500 B.C. in the western part of South Asia. This site, produced 
by Omar Khan, contains a number of items related to the study of this 
ancient city, including a 90-slide tour of the Indus Valley and 3-D 
computer recreations of the city's gateway and surrounding topography. 
The site also offers a large number of audio and visual resources 
concerning pre-1947 South Asia in general. Users can browse 130 
historical photos via a city index or active map, view a selection of 
lithographs, postcards, and engravings, and view a number of newsreels 
in QuickTime format. Although only nine newsreels and archival films are 
currently available, the site plans to eventually offer 50 in honor of 
South Asia's 50 years of independence. Additional offerings include 
several rare amateur color movies filmed c.1940, RealAudio recordings by 
several prominent historical figures, and a wonderful collection of 
reflections in audio, video, and text formats by Princess Abida Sultaan 
of Bhopal, a contemporary of many of the leaders of the independence 
movement. [MD] 
The Great Movies--Roger Ebert 
Roger Ebert, well known _Chicago Sun Times_ and syndicated television 
film reviewer, admits "movie history did not begin in 1967, but my 
career as a movie critic did." A prolific reviewer of new movies 
(discussed in the May 3, 1996 Scout 
he has now made available a growing collection of reviews of classic 
movies. At present there are 37 reviews available, covering various 
genres and time periods. Included are _Ali: Fear Eats the Soul_, _The 
Passion of Joan of Arc_, _M_, _Written On the Wind_, _The Wizard of Oz_, 
and _Ikiru_, among others. All reviewed films are available on home 
video. This is a biweekly feature, and for those who love classic 
movies, there is no better place to enjoy a guided tour by a kindred 
soul. [JS] 
Technical Management of Internet Names and Addresses 
This is a "proposed rule of the [US] Department of Commerce," in 
discussion draft format. It will appear shortly in its official form in 
the _Federal Register_. The draft is available in HTML, text, and 
WordPerfect .zipped format. Comments on the draft can be sent to the 
email address listed at the site and will be posted on the web. The 
draft calls for four main principles for a new domain name system: 
"stability; competition; private, bottom-up coordination; and 
representation." [JS] 
7.  Website:  Filtering and Censorware in Libraries 
Some encouraging news. If you are still fence-sitting on the 
censorware/filtering issue and want to see some anti-filtering 
check out: 
Filtering and Censorware in Libraries 
Chuck Munson 
8.  Resources in Information Management 
There are a few items on my home page that may be of interest: 
1.  An article, "Evaluating Internet Research Sources," is designed to 
help students come to grips with the wide range of quality of 
information on the Internet. 
2.  "Biases Affecting Information Processing" describes  some of the 
factors that distort the influence of information we encounter.  (For 
example, more recent information tends to have more influence on us that 
information acquired earlier.) 
3.  "Internet Search Tips and Strategies" is another article for 
students, offering some advice in how to find information.  My favorite 
is "guess a URL," which has saved me much time laboring over search 
4.  I also have a collection of hyperlinked resources, "World Wide Web 
Research Tools," that lists engines, directories, indexes, a few 
archive-searchable newspapers, and other items. 
I call your attention to Fedstats (statistics from 70 US governement 
agencies) and, with 17,000 very brief entries (these are 
my newest finds, though they may be old hat to you). 
Please feel free to link to your page or site any of these items you 
find useful.  I look forward to sharing in the future. 
9.  Onomastics Page (study of names) 
Dear Dr. McGoff, 
Today the onomastics collection is online.  Would you please put the 
link reference on the listserve and also the webpage for ANS?  Here's 
hoping that this will be of assistance to everyone.  Thank you very 
The site is: 
Yours truly, 
Roberta Arney for Lurline Coltharp 
(website for the American Name society:   -Rory) 
10.  Videotapes from 1997 Internet Librarian Conference 
The 1997 Internet Librarian Conference and Expo for Librarians and 
Information Managers was held in Monterey, Ca. Nov. 17-19. 
Over 45 sessions were held, over 100 dynamic speakers presenting the 
latest developments embracing Internet, Intranet and Extranet strategies 
and Technologies for information mangers/librarians. 
This tapes they may be purchased individually or as a set!  You may 
order by phone, fax, e-mail or mail!! 
All tapes were professionally recorded and run from 75 to 90 minutes 
each!!  Delivery time is within (10) days, we accept PO. Visa, 
Mastercard, Check, MO!! 
If you would like to receive an order form, please e-mail or fax or call 
with your address and we will fax or mail the order form to you 
Thank You 
Conference Audio Services 
fax: 510-633-0929 
tel: 510-562-9731 
e-mail: conaudio[at] 
11.  DIGITAL PRESERVATION ISSUES: An Important Conversation 
             "TIME AND BITS:  Managing Digital Continuity" 
 As more of the cultural heritage community understands the urgency of 
digital preservation issues (how do we save existing digital material 
that is already proving to be unreadable and how do we prepare a 
strategy for ensuring the long-term availability of material we are now 
digitizing?) one group is preparing to expand the conversation beyond 
the merely technical and technological. 
This week, the Getty Center will host a small group that will open a 
discussion on "technology, culture, and time," that will examine the 
sociocultural and economic implications of the digital preservation 
issues. The ambition of the conversation is to "provide a framework for 
long-term digital cultural preservation." 
Those included in the conversation include the following: 
Howard Besser Stewart Brand Doug Carlston Ben  Davis John Heilemann 
Danny Hillis Brewster Kahle Kevin Kelly Jaron Lanier Peter Lyman 
Margaret MacLean Paul Saffo Bruce Sterling 
This project is being co-organized by the Getty Conservation Institute, 
the Getty Information Institute and the Long Now Foundation of San 
Francisco. The web site announcing the conversation and the issues will 
report on the dialog. It also contains a very useful list of web 
resources on digital preservation issues at 
"PaperPersists: Why Physical Library Collections Still 
This article, provided by Walt Crawford of the Research Libraries Group 
in _Online's_  January 1998 issue, makes a powerful argument that paper 
will continue to be an indispensible information medium in the 
forseeable future for both libraries and people in general. Among its 
conclusions: future information will be available in paper, electronic, 
linear and hypertext formats, and libraries will continue to be 
important as repositories of, as well as gateways to knowledge and 
information. Crawford, a well known philosopher of librarianship, has 
expanded on similar ideas in _Future libraries: Dreams, Madness & 
Reality_, a book he wrote with Michael Gorman in 1995. [JS] 
(review from Internic Scout Report) 
12.  ALA Spectrum Initiative 
ALA Spectrum Initiative - In 1998 the Spectrum Initiative will award 50 
scholarships of $5,000 each.  Program  designed to encourage four 
largest underrepresented groups to enter  MLS programs recognized by ALA 
and succeed to graduation.  --  African American or African Canadian; 
Asian or Pacific Islander; Latino or Hispanic; Native People of the US 
or Canada 
13.  Women's Speeches from Around the World 
Gifts of Speech: Women's Speeches From Around the World - 
speeches made by influential contemporary women. 
14.  Copyright Bill  -  Action Alert 
Forwarded to the srrtac-l list by Melissa Riley 
Important missive forwarded from an archivist.  Please act! 
If you're like me, reading about copyright legislation is about as 
exciting as watching an infomercial about cellulite.  But please read, 
because your help is sorely needed.  I was fortunate to be able to 
attend a meeting of the Digital Future Coalition on Monday in Washington 
as a council member of SAA.  The meeting concerned strategy to support 
the Ashcroft/Boucher-Campbell bill (S 1146  and HR 3048), known on the 
House side as the Digital Era Copyright Enhancement Act .  President 
Bill Maher sent a detailed message earlier about this action to Archives 
and Archivist List and the SAA Leadership list (see his text at .  I want to reissue the call 
for help because that the leaders of this effort said that letters from 
constituents over the next three weeks are likely to mean the difference 
between the bill proceeding or dying. 
Among other features, the Ashcroft/Boucher-Campbell bills strike a good 
balance between rights holders, users, libraries, and archives in the 
current copyright act rather than focusing on punitive measures and 
criminalization of behaviors.  There is clear support of the principles 
of fair use for the educational and scholarly use of conventional and 
digital information. The Ashcroft/Boucher-Campbell legislation is 
opposite a bill being pushed by the White House and certain commercial 
interests.  From an archivist's perspective, the administration's bill 
is poor legislation.  It has no ending date for copyright protection, so 
copyright continues so long as there is a market for a product.  This 
means that the Ashcroft/Boucher-Campbell bill needs as many co-sponsors 
as possible, especially from the Democratic side of the isle.  This bill 
needs you to write your senators and representative to urge them to 
become of co-sponsor of S or HR. 
It's this simple: 
--1. Write a one-page letter or email to your two senators and on 
representative beginning with "I am an archivist in your district and 
urge you to co-sponsor S 1146  [or HR 3048 if you're writing your Rep]. 
To get their address or email, see . 
--2. Steal a paragraph from Maher's letter 
( or ALA's ( ) and add something to 
personalize it (like "this bill is crucial to distance education" or "if 
this bill is defeated, it will be worse than the defeat of the Pack at 
the Superbowl"). 
--4. If you can, fax a copy of the letter to 202/628-9227 or email a 
copy to info[at]  This will help the Digital Future Coalition in 
their lobbying in Washington.  But don't sweat this step if it will 
prevent you from writing. 
I was struck at this meeting of high-powered, Washington types by the 
fact that they all recognized the power of constituent mail.  One person 
reported that they visited a congressperson about the bill, who became 
interested in them because he had "received something about that from a 
librarian in his district."  That's lobbying gold, my friends.  You may 
never know that your letter did anything positive, but have faith, it 
Turns out that Senators Durbin and Feingold are critical to the success 
of the Ashcroft/Boucher-Campbell bill.  So if you are still blue over 
the Packers defeat, console yourself with the fact that you are in a 
special position to do good here.  Remember, Packer fans, what happens 
when your defense tires too quickly! 
Send a note to Bill Maher (w-maher[at], Susan Fox 
(sfox[at], or me (bruce[at] 
Bruce H. Bruemmer Archivist, 
Charles Babbage Institute                    612/625-9053 
Coordinator, Digital Library Initiatives     612/624-2033 
University of Minnesota Libraries 
499 Wilson Library 
309 19th Ave. S. 
Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA 
15. Call for Papers - Socioeconomic Aspects of Electronic Publishing 
WORKSHOP Meeting the Needs of the Engineering and 
Scientific Communities 
Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, the 
IEEE Foundation, the IEEE and the IEEE Computer 
In Cooperation with the 
1998 IEEE International Conference on Advances in 
Digital Libraries 
Santa Barbara, California 
April 23-25, 1998 
The creation of scientific and technical 
knowledge is occurring at breakneck speed as we 
face the threshold of the 21st century. 
 Our challenge lies in capturing this 
 information, transferring 
it, maintaining and integrating it so that its 
full value is realized and multiplied.  Explosive 
growth in the domain of electronic 
communications, and specifically in the area of 
electronic publishing technologies, has been 
responsive to this challenge. At present, 
technology providers propose alternative 
solutions, while scientists, engineers, and 
publishers evaluate their utility through trial 
and error.  Through this iterative process, both 
sides have moved forward, but face much 
frustration in the gap between user demands and 
available software.  For reasons not fully 
understood, information made available on-line is 
not heavily used despite these apparent demands. 
Critical issues remain: 
1) What will emerge as the dominant design(s) of 
the "information package" of the future? 2) How 
do we resolve major obstacles to the creation and 
utilization of electronic documents? 
While opportunities abound for the discussion of 
the technical dimensions of these issues, 
socioeconomic dimensions are frequently 
overlooked even though the history of 
technological revolution suggests that these 
social and economic issues are the most 
problematic, and lie at the heart of meaningful 
technological change. Resolution of these issues 
requires a dialogue between stakeholders in the 
scientific and engineering publishing communities 
and the technology providers who aim to meet 
their needs.  This Workshop is designed to 
provide a forum for this significant dialogue. 
In cooperation with the 1998 IEEE Advances in 
Digital Libraries Conference. For further 
information regarding this Conference, visit the 
The Challenge of Electronic Publishing: Meeting 
the Needs of the Engineering and Scientific 
Communities (Speaker to be announced.) 
Session 1: Defining the Technical and Scientific 
"Information Package of the Future" Session 2: 
Obstacles to the Creation of Electronic Documents 
Session 3: Obstacles to the Utilization of 
Electronic Documents 
At the close of ADL '98, workshop attendees will 
be invited to participate in a working group 
session to: 1) Discuss the opportunities and 
obstacles raised through the ADL sessions; 2) 
Examine alternative solutions; 3) Formulate 
recommendations in support of the scientific and 
engineering communities; and 4) Contribute to the 
preparation of the final reports for the IEEE 
Foundation and for NSF.  The theme for the 
session will be "Solutions at the Nexus: Where 
Stakeholders' Requirements and Technical 
Possibilities Meet". 
Major Topic 1: Obstacles to the Creation and 
Utilization of Electronic Documents Major Topic 
2: Summaries and Recommendations- Social and 
Technical Solutions 
During the final session on Saturday, April 25, 
working groups will refine draft reports.  Based 
on paper presentations, discussions, and breakout 
session interactions, participants will develop a 
series of recommendations designed to facilitate 
the adoption of successful strategies for 
electronic publishing. 
Please submit a one-page abstract for review and 
possible presentation during one of the parallel 
sessions outlined above. Abstracts are due by 
January 30, 1998.  Notification of acceptance 
will be February 16. Papers are due on April 15. 
Accepted papers will be published in the IEEE/NSF 
Workshop proceedings.  Individuals with special 
interest in this area and who have received their 
undergraduate degrees in the last decade are 
encouraged to respond. In such cases, financial 
support for travel may be available. 
For further information, please contact: 
Dr. Christine Nielsen, Associate Professor 
Crummer Graduate School 
of  Rollins College, 1000 Holt Avenue - 2722 
Winter Park, Florida 32789-4499 Phone (407) 
646-2146  or Fax (407) 646-1550 
Dr. Joseph Herkert, Assistant Professor 
Division of Multidisciplinary Studies 
North Carolina State University 
Raleigh, North Carolina  27695 
Phone (919) 515-7997 or Fax (919) 515-1828 
16.  Library Journal News Brief on Munson's Anti-Filtering Site 
Fowarded from Library Journal Digital: 
Anti-filtering Web Site Founder Fesses Up (February 2, 1998) 
Thanks to a thread on the ALA Office for Intellectual Freedom listserv, 
the founder of a recently established web site, Stop Filtering and 
Censorware in Libraries, has unmasked himself. After Chuck Munson, a 
computer specialist at Science magazine, recommended the site in one 
post, "Net Mom" Jean Armour Polly criticized both the site's content and 
its anonymity.  Munson responded that he was responsible for the site, 
with the help of some others, and expects to update it: "In fact, I 
would like to see a grassroots campaign develop to get filters out of 
libraries, so this site is a service to those activists." Added Munson, 
who runs the Anarchist Librarians Web, "I have no interest in promoting 
my name, an organization, or whatever." 
17.  Munson's Reaction to LJ News Brief 
(sent to ALA Office on Intellectual Freedom listserv) 
Heh, this is all pretty amusing and disturbing at the same time. It 
wasn't supposed to be a secret that I'm ONE of the people behind the 
site. I'm its webmaster, but not everything there has been written by 
me. The site has been around since, I think, last April or May. Since 
it has mostly been under construction and only one of the many 
projects I'm involved with, I haven't promoted it very heavily in 
As a high-profile activist, I'm used to dealing with journalists, 
which is why I avoid talking with them. Some of you may remember last 
summer when a columnist for the Chicago Tribune used some of my 
private correspondence with him in one of his articles. I was pretty 
angry about that and could have pressed charges, but that isn't my 
style. Having learned my lesson, I now avoid emailing comments to 
reporters--they can't be trusted. 
Which is why I prefer to be anonymous when it comes to that site, 
although I recognize the value of promotion. The site is not about me 
or some organization with a trademarked name. When it came up on this 
list, I freely admitted that I was the web site's webmaster and that 
it is not funded by any outside organization. There's no big secret 
here. It's just a small web site with few visitors. 
No, what bothers me about the LJ news brief is the connection it makes 
between my freelance professional activities and my employer. Not only 
is that irrelevant, but it is malicious. I would laugh it off if I 
hadn't been publicly slandered two weeks ago in another forum by an 
idiot who thinks that I am a police informer. 
OK, maybe it's not malicious, but tieing my political activities with 
my place of employment smacks of McCarthyism. Even I have defended 
David Burt, my opponent, against people who have tried to tie his 
professional activities with his employer. David, as a professional 
librarian, has a right to express his point of views. We should not 
assume that he is talking for his library. 
My web site hasn't been outed by LJ, I have. 
The LJ article is generally accurate, but the tone leads readers to 
believe that I have been deliberately trying to mislead people. That 
isn't true. David Burt has known that I run the site and so have a few 
others. I emailed them and told them the URL. What has happened is that 
as a result of my spanking by NetMom, many more people are now 
aware that the site exists. 
Oh well, I guess I should milk this? 
These comments antit-copyright 1998. They may be freely distributed, 
except in commercial forums. 
______________________________ Reply Separator 
Subject: Re: Munson Fesses Up 
Author:  bennett[at] (Bennett Haselton) at Internet 
Date:    2/1/98 10:47 PM 
The article gives the impression that it was supposed to be a secret 
that Chuck maintained the site.  I remember hearing that Chuck ran that 
Web page a long time before it came up on ALAOIF.  Judging by Chuck's 
reaction to NetMom's comments, it sounded like he thought she already 
knew he was the webmaster anyway.  Chuck, is there any truth to the 
LJDigital's report that this is was a big unmasking? 
At 08:40 PM 2/1/98 -0800, David_Burt[at] wrote: 
>Congrats Chuck!  You got your first ink!  Look at, 
>and check "other news".  "Munson Fesses Up".  Oh well, at least they >didn't report that "Munson calls for sabatoge of libraries that 
>David Burt, Filtering Facts, HTTP://WWW.FILTERINGFACTS.ORG 
18.  Chuck Munson Rebuts Enemy of Freedom David Burt 
David Burt wrote: 
>I'm optimistic that the current situation is mostly temporary growing 
>pains.  I think that during the next decade "authority" will assert 
>itself in one way or another.   There may be separate "channels" or 
>"zones" of the Internet where only more reliable sources and 
>publishers are permitted to publish.  Then there could be "bozo 
>zones" where all the information is use-at-your-own-risk, and all the 
>pictures of Joe's cats will go. 
Wow, David, what a quote!! You've handed your head on a plate to your 
opponents. I'll have fun citing that quote. 
This is precisely the Internet future that myself and many others have 
been trying to prevent: a tiered system of Internet access and content. 
This is truly Orwellian and rest assured, many will fight against this 
bleak vision. I'm sorry, I don't want to surf an Internet which is 
controlled by Microsoft or Disney, any more than I want to get all of my 
"news" from tabloids like the Washington Post or New York Times. Dave, 
this is precisely why I consider myself an anti-authoritarian: I want to 
be able to determine for MYSELF what are reliable and good sources. 
Who would this authority be? 
Would Reuters and the New York Times be part of the authoritative zone 
and the DIY news sites relegated to the bozo zone? Let's see, the 
Washington Post and NY Times sites are currently consumed by gossip 
about how many blow jobs the president has had, whereas numerous 
alternative press sites are carrying information about poverty, the 
environment, labor issues, third world issues like Chiapas, the French 
unemployed, nuclear weapons, the Toronto bank occupation by students, 
the Liverpool dockers strike, and so on. Who's more authoritative? 
Which presses will be permitted to publish in this "non-Bozo" zone? Only 
Fortune 500 publishers? How about university presses? How about AK Press 
( and other small publishers? 
I think you don't understand that the Do-It-Yourself, "Bozo" quality of 
the Web is what has made it so popular to so many people. It's called 
freedom David, democracy too. It's what happens when people discover 
they now have an easy way to make their opinions known to other people, 
especially other people who are interested in those opinions. 
>It's asking too much of users to sort every source out for 
>themselves.  Users need the option of receiving only pre-sorted, 
>pre-selected information, instead of one undistinguishable mass. 
You mean someone to do the thinking for them. Sure, there is a need for 
good guides to information, that's one thing librarians are good at. Why 
shouldn't users have the option to browse on their own? They certainly 
have had access to the mass of information available in books for some 
time. How is this any different? 
Yes, I agree that search engines turn up too much erroneous garbage, 
which makes them useless for normal research, not to mention trying to 
find sex info. 
Of course, I see nothing wrong with the library continuing to offer 
"bozo" sites. 
Gee, do I detect a note of cynicism here?? The campaign for filters not 
going according to plan? 
--  Chuck0 
Editor's note: 
I hope you enjoyed "LJ" #3, the Chuck Munson issue.  I've been 
interested in this anarchist librarian stuff lately.  I personally wish 
I had the faith in humanity to be an anarchist, but I don't.  Wouldn't 
we all be much happier, if we had that faith in people's ability to be 
good to each other to that extent?  If we could all have such a positive 
attitude about people, might we then actually not need government?  I 
haven't got what it takes to be an anarchist but I definitely admire 
anarchism as a "political faith," and I think "anarchist web activist" 
is a nice "alternative library career" to put on your list. 
This has been Library Juice #3, a sifting of email of interest to 
librarians, with a share of issues-oriented stuff, from a left 
perspective.  I send it out weekly, on Wednesdays. Pass items on to 
friends and associates. 
Email me with items for inclusion, suggestions (e.g. Not so long!), 
reactions, to unsubscribe, or just say to hello. 
   Rory Litwin                mailto:rlitwin[at] 
   PO Box 720511              phone: (408) 286-6409 
   San Jose, CA  95172 

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Date: Thursday, October 29, 1998 12:15 PM