Library Juice 1:35 - September 30, 1998

1. British Library Scraps Fee Plan 
2. E-Journal Bibliography 
3. Houseman's Peace Diary 1999 
4. Profiles in Science [RealPlayer, Quicktime] 
5. UNESCO Electronic Document Management System [.pdf] 
6. Minnesota Historical Society (MHS) Photograph Collection Database 
7. - World's largest online encyclopedia of graphical symbols 
8. Anarchist Bookfair 
9. Call for Papers - Academic Exchange Quarterly 
10. The Project on Media Ownership (PROMO) 
11. West Coast Alternative Media Conference (Vancouver, BC) 
12. The Learning On Line University (LOLU)  -  Project in on-line activism 
13. Buffalo library school to merge with communications department 
Quote for the week: 
In observation of Yom Kippur, the quote for the week is a moment of silence. 
1. British Library Scraps Fee Plan 
Norman Horrocks asked that the following message concerning the 
British Library be posted on the Council and Member-Forum lists. 
Today's Times (London) has story "British Library Scraps Fee Plan", 
September 22, 1998, p. 6. 
The Library was "responding to an exercise that had called for readers' 
views  on issues as contentious as charging, cutting back on services 
or reducing its collecting activities."   Of the more than 1,500 responses 
received after 5,000 of the library's 60,000 readers had been 
approached, Brian Lang, chief executive of the library, said that "very 
few" had supported the idea of charging.  "Dr. Lang said they must now 
look at other options, including reducing the number of opening hours, 
which was the least-criticised option." 
2. E-Journal Bibliography 
			E-Journal Bibliography 
             This is a comprehensive bibliography on the topic of 
e-journals which are also known as electronic journals or electronic 
             An e-journal is defined as a journal whose creation and 
distribution in the first instance is entirely in electronic format. The 
bibliography contains references to books, reports, articlesand electronic 
documents. Though only partly annotated all items have been examined by 
the authors. Abstracts from external sources are included in quotation 
marks. The source abbreviations are listed on the next screen. 
To unsubscribe from NetInLib-Announce, 
3. Houseman's Peace Diary 1999 
(from their flyer, sent to me by Martyn Lowe) 
This is the 46th edition of the Peace Diary, a non-profit-making service to 
movements around the world working for peace, social justice and the 
preservation of our ecosystem. 
Our aim is to empower people - both in their communities and 
internationally - and to provide them with a useful too for their work.  We 
rely on your support so that we can continue to produce the Peace Diary 
each year.  So, besides ordering a copy for your own use, please make it 
available through your own networks - there are discounts for bulk orders 
(see overleaf).  And we can supply further of these order forms for you to 
*The Directory - fully revised - lists nearly 2000 national and 
international peace, environment & human rights organisations in 150 
*Pocket format, with a week to a view, notable dates and anniversaries, and 
a quotation each week. 
*Special features on the Hague Appeal for Peace and Abolition 2000. 
*Calendars, Forward Planner, and Notes. 
*Sewn binding, prited on recycled paper. 
--North American Sales-- 
Orders from North America can be accepted here with payments in US$ or Can$ 
at the prices shown - but cheques, etc, MUST be to "New Society Publishers" 
instead of Houseman's. 
Cover price - US$7.95/Can$9.95.  Add $4.00 postage for the first copy and 
$1.00 for each Diary thereafter (+GST in Canada).  Ten or more copies: 50% 
off + shipping: call NSP free on 1-800-567-6772 for details. 
4. Profiles in Science [RealPlayer, Quicktime] 
This new site from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) will focus on the 
major scientific achievements of this century and the people behind them by 
making archival collections of prominent biomedical scientists publicly 
available. The site will feature collections donated to the NLM which 
contain published and unpublished materials, including books, journal 
volumes, pamphlets, diaries, letters, manuscripts, photographs, audio 
tapes, and other audiovisual materials. The first scientist profiled is 
Oswald Avery, a pioneer in DNA research. Nobel Laureate Dr. Joshua 
Lederberg has selected the materials in Dr. Avery's collection, which are 
supplemented by an assortment of 74 resources that offer Alternate Views on 
Avery's research. Visitors can search for particular documents with the 
site's internal search engine. [MD] 
>From the Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1998. 
UNESCO Electronic Document Management System [.pdf] 
The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization 
(UNESCO) Electronic Document Management System offers researchers these two 
databases. The first, the UNESDOC database, provides multilingual, 
full-text access to documents of major governing bodies, field mission 
reports, speeches of the Director-General, and the UNESCO Sources Bulletin. 
UNESDOC documents are presented as text or .pdf files, and are searchable 
by citation; however, only the text files are available for full-text 
string searching. The second database, UNESBIB, allows users to search an 
extensive bibliography of UNESCO documents and publications, as well as the 
UNESCO library catalog. [AO] 
>From the Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1998. 
6. Minnesota Historical Society (MHS) Photograph Collection Database 
The Minnesota Historical Society's new Photograph Collection Database 
provides information that previously could only be obtained by travelling 
to MHS and consulting a card file. Yet the site simultaneously illustrates 
that although the number of historical images on the Web is growing 
steadily, these images are certainly not all online. The Photograph 
Collection database contains records for 44,000 individual photographs, 
approximately ten percent accompanied by digital images. This is less than 
one-fifth of the quarter of a million photographs owned by MHS. The 
strength of the database is its coverage of Minnesotans' lives, landscapes, 
leisure activities, and occupations from 1850 to the present. Try searching 
for "frontier and pioneer life" or "farming" to see some greatest hits from 
the MHS photograph collection. [DS] 
>From the Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1998. 
7. - World's largest online encyclopedia of graphical symbols 
A while ago I was looking for the meaning of a graphical symbol.  I had a 
vague idea that it had to do with anarchism, so I posted a query to the 
list librarians[at], and they answered my query, starting an interesting 
thread.  But what if I hadn't known where to start?  How can I look up a 
visual, graphical symbol? 
I just found one answer on the web.  It's a website (and a CD Rom for sale) 
for exactly that purpose.  It's at 
You can look up a symbol by using the words for what the symbol stands for 
(although the database doesn't have any flexibility for this application), 
or you can look it up by its graphical characteristics, by answering a 
series of questions such as, "Do the lines cross or not?"  Eventually you 
are led to a group of symbols small enough that you can pick out the one 
you are looking for. 
Here's the blurb from the front page of their site: 
"Welcome to -- the world's largest online 
encyclopedia of graphic symbols! contains more than 2,500 Western signs, 
arranged into 54 groups according to their graphic 
characteristics. In 1,600 articles their histories, uses, and 
meanings are thoroughly discussed. The signs range from 
ideograms carved in mammoth teeth by Cro-Magnon men, 
to hobo signs and subway graffiti. 
Use the Graphic Index to search for the meaning or history 
of a sign. If you want to see an ideogram with a certain 
meaning, use the Word Index." 
I think the articles are surprisingly interesting - some of them seem like 
they were written by a poetic-minded semiotician.  There are surprises 
hiding in the recesses of that site.  The major drawback is a common one - 
lots of ads.  But I recommend it as a reference tool anyway. 
Here's my original query - the symbol is for squatting and squatters rights. 
> Hi. 
> I have a reference question for somebody w/ a lot more anarcho-cred than 
> me. 
> What's the circle with the thunderbolt arrow going up through it mean? 
> Looks vaguely like this: 
>                                        ______ 
>                                             /| 
>                                           // | 
>                    ------------          /   | 
>                //--            ---\    // 
>              //                    \\// 
>            //                       /\\ 
>           /          ||           //   \ 
>          /          /||         //      \ 
>         |         // ||       //         | 
>        |         /   ||      /            | 
>        |       //   ||     //             | 
>        |      /     ||   //               | 
>        |    //      ||  /                 | 
>        |   /        ||//                  | 
>         |//         //                   | 
>         /|                              | 
>       //  \                            / 
>      /     \\                        // 
>    //        \\                    // 
>   /            \\\-            --// 
> //                 ------------ 
8. Anarchist Bookfair 
Could you give the Anarchist Bookfair website a mention on your site? 
This year is our seventeenth annual fair and some years it is the 
largest specifically anarchist event in the world with over three 
thousand anarchists turning up. The website will be a permanent 
installation advertising future bookfairs and reporting on the last one. 
We also want it to be a good link with Anarchist publishers and their 
works. Our address is 
Yours Martin (for the Anarchist Bookfair) 
(message to Chuck0, forwarded to Librarians[at] 
9. Call for Papers - Academic Exchange Quarterly 
Date: Wed, 23 Sep 1998 18:24:23 -0500 (EST) 
Subject: AEQ 
To: member-forum[at] 
MIME-version: 1.0 
Reply-To: member-forum[at] 
Sender: owner-member-forum[at] 
You are invited to publish your next article in AEQ. 
If you are not as yet familiar with Academic Exchange 
Quarterly, "teachers' professional development resource," 
for details  please  see page 177 in February 15 
LIBRARY JOURNAL. Also, see our promo at , then click on "Magazines" 
Articles in AEQ tend more toward a case-study rather 
than a research-report approach, though all are 
welcomed, and the journal is refereed.  Because of  the 
interdisciplinary nature of AEQ,   no single format of 
manuscript style is required.   Authors  are  free to  use 
whatever style they  see  appropriate for their work. 
It is an excellent publication outlet for anyone, whether 
you are in the "publish or perish" tenure track or not. 
AEQs subject editors will work with you to make certain 
that your text is ready for publication...  try us you'll 
like it.   However, we do not pay any royalties... 
Authors retain  the copyright  of  their  work. 
Copyright of the issue,  with  individual articles, 
is retained  by this quarterly. Upon  publication, 
each author  will receive a complimentary copy of 
her/his  article. 
Manuscripts, 300-6000 words, received by   October 19th 
will be considered for Winter  issue.   Spring - December 
1st.  Summer - February 1st. 
Please send  e-mail submissions  in ASCI format... 
Just to clarify, AEQ is not an electronic journal. 
It is a traditional,  paper format, refereed, about 80 pages, 
All the best 
Steve Pec, Editor 
Academic Exchange Quarterly 
Chattanooga State 
Chattanooga, TN  37406-109 
Fax:  423-697-4409 
Please see your library for a copy of AEQ:  ISSN 1096-1453 
10. The Project on Media Ownership (PROMO) 
The Project on Media Ownership (PROMO), a non-profit research group 
affiliated with New York University, is looking for experienced researchers 
around the world, to help us build up and maintain a comprehensive database 
concerning media ownership worldwide. Our aim is to be able to provide 
and accurate information as to the ever-shifting ownership of _all_ the major 
media--TV, radio, newspapers, magazines, book publishing, movies, music, 
on-line services--on all seven continents. 
PROMO is looking to provide all information that may be of use to anyone 
concerned with or involved in the main media industries worldwide. We are 
therefore looking for researchers capable of tracking who owns what, the 
pertinent numbers, the names of the directors, managers and major 
shareholders, and so on. Such expert and demanding labor would, of 
course, be paid. 
Anyone interested in taking part should contact Janine Jaquet, PROMO's 
Research Director, at 212-678-4534, or at janine.jaquet[at] 
We want also to disseminate, throughout libraries and schools, simpler 
materials illustrative of who owns what throughout the major media: 
brochures, booklets, fold-outs, etc. Anyone interested in this 
educational campaign should also contact Ms. Jaquet. 
(Message from Mark Crispin Miller forwarded by Elaine Harger) 
11. West Coast Alternative Media Conference (Vancouver, BC) 
To: sethk[at] 
From: edoherty[at] (Eric Doherty) 
Subject: West Coast Alternative Media Conference 
The West Coast ALternative Media Conference is an opportunity for people 
working with, or interested in, progressive communications.  It is a chance 
for grassroots activists to develop media relations skills and deepen their 
knowlege of media issues. 
Workshops include:  Media Strategies for Grassroots Groups, Writing News 
Stories, Mainstream Media: Who Runs the Show, A Crash Course on Global 
Economics, Producing Radio Documentaries, Culture Jamming, and Interviewing 
Across Difference. There will also be space for participant generated 
The conference will be on October 3 and 4 at the Langara Student's Union 
Building, and runs from 930 - 630 each day.   The one day conference fee is 
$20-60.  The fee for both days is $30-100. 
For further information contact Allan Jensen at 684-8494, 685-9894.  Anyone 
registering before September 29, will get a free lunch each day. 
Vancouver B.C. 
12. The Learning On Line University (LOLU)  -  Project in on-line activism 
Dear Friends: 
As it has in recent years, Z Magazine is undertaking an interesting 
experiment in on-line activism through a project is calls The Learning On 
Line University (LOLU). 
I'm sending this note out to let you know about the project and my 
participation in it. 
LOLU presents a range of progressive "courses" taught by activists and 
academics on a variety of topics. People can sign up for the courses -- 
which typically consist of 10 weekly lectures plus lots of follow-up 
discussion -- for $50 or $30 low income. 
Beginning October 15, I will be presenting a course, "Corporate Power and 
Strategies to Develop Countervailing Power," which may be of interest to 
some Focus on the Corporation readers. 
Below follows a note from LOLU founder Michael Albert, which provides a 
bit more information on the project and explains how to learn more and 
Sorry for this commercial interruption. We try to limit traffic on this 
list to our once-a-week column postings, but we want to use the forum on 
rare occasions to convey information related to the column that we think 
of general interest. 
Robert Weissman 
>From Michael Albert: 
You can learn about LOLU's courses, faculty, policies, etc. at -- or via ZNet's Ideas Section via 
At the LOLU site you can take a course for about a twentieth of what it 
would cost at, say, NYU's online school -- we charge $50 a course, or $30 
low income -- with much better faculty and, of course, far more honest, 
encompassing, and socially enlightened content. You can register online, 
as well. 
Courses are ten lectures, one per week, with a week or two extra for 
catch-up at the faculty and student's discretion. You read lectures and 
participate in course assignments and discussions as you choose. The 
school's web venue is congenial, efficient, and powerful, and you do all 
the course work from your computer, as you decide, at your discretion and 
LOLU is a very important piece of an emerging strategy by which 
progressives can utilize and benefit from internet conectivity. It is 
hosted by ZNet and People-Link, yes, but it is designed to materially and 
politically help a wide cross section of the progressive community. 
Already those who share LOLU's revenue include not only the faculty, but a 
number of organizations co-sponsoring courses such as Project South, 
SHARE, Committees of Correspondence, URPE, Multinational Monitor, Z, and 
You can learn more about LOLU's structure, future plans, and specific 
offerings by browsing the LOLU site at There also, 
you can register, and to provide a little incentive to do thatand thereby 
help us to build this very important new institution, here is a list of 
the courses available this Fall: 
Faculty: Jerome Scott & Walda Katz Fishman Sponsor: Project South 
ORGANIZING: THE LOST ART -- Faculty: Leslie Cagan Sponsor: Committees of 
--Faculty: Mikal Muharrar Sponsor: FAIR 
Sponsor: FAIR 
CONCEPTUALIZING A BETTER ECONOMY -- Faculty: Michael Albert Sponsor: Z 
RADICAL THEORY, VISION, AND STRATEGY -- Faculty: Michael Albert Sponsor: Z 
Robert Weissman Sponsor: Multinational Monitor 
U.S. CAPITALISM IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY -- Faculty: Peter Bohmer Sponsor: 
Olympia Political-Cultural Center 
Anita Karasu Sponsor: People-Link 
Peters Sponsor: Z Magazine 
If you have potential interest in one or more of the above courses, why 
not browse to There you will find course desciptions, 
brief bios of faculty, information about lolu itself, and a regisration 
form that you can use to easily and efficiently sign up. 
13. Buffalo library school to merge with communications department 
Forwarded from the SILS-L list ... 
---------- Forwarded message ---------- 
Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 13:13:05 -0400 
From: SILS <sils[at]ACSU.BUFFALO.EDU> 
Reply-To: UB School of Information & Library Studies List 
TO:             SILS Students, Alumni and Friends 
FROM:           George S. Bobinski, Dean 
DATE:           September 16, 1998 
To continue to keep you informed about our merger, I am providing the 
following basic facts in question and answer form. 
The Department of Communication is merging with the School of 
Information and Library Studies.  The School of Information and Library 
Studies will change its name to the School of Information Studies.  This 
School will be composed of a Department of Communication and a Department 
of Library and Information Studies.  The target date for the merger is 
July 1, 1999. 
It will continue as a major degree program and will be strengthened with 
additional resources because of the merger.  ALA accredits the degree and 
not the school or department in which the MLS is located. 
The Post-Masters Certificate and Cooperative Doctoral Program in Higher 
Education/Academic Librarianship (with GSE) will continue.  The Ph.D. in 
LIS will finally be offered (with a cognate in Communication) after years 
of delay pending the merger. 
They will continue to offer a BA in Communication (a very popular 
undergraduate major), and a MA and Ph.D. in Communication. 
Yes -- an interdisciplinary Master's in Information and 
Communication will be launched.  Its focus will be on the use of computer 
and network applications as they are being employed in a wide range of 
organizations and the jobs performed in them. 
In the 1997 spring semester the Provost issued "Planning UB's Academic 
Future II & III."  In these documents SILS was recognized for its low cost 
and efficiency and as a "successful graduate professional program" that has 
"a respectable reputation."  The future proposed for SILS in the report saw 
very much what we had proposed through our own Task Force planning -- that 
we make connections with cognate disciplines in information science and 
technology and broaden our program.  We were also listed as major partners 
in a very important proposed initiative in information and communication 
During 1995-96 and 1996-97 a SILS Task Force on Program Expansion carried 
on extensive contacts with faculty from related disciplines -- Media Study, 
Management Information Systems, Cognitive Science, and especially with 
Computer Science and Communication.  Out of individual and group meetings 
and lunches with Computer Science and Communication, came an increasingly 
closer relationship with the Department of Communication. 
On April 10, 1997 the SILS faculty voted unanimously for the 
appointment of a Committee to meet with representatives of the 
Communication Department to develop a formal proposal for the merger of 
the two units. 
Early in the fall of 1997 a joint committee was appointed by the 
SILS Dean and the Chair of the Communication Department.  The committee 
deliberated until spring of 1998 when it issued a report recommending a 
merger.  This was approved by both faculties (unanimously at SILS and with 
one abstention at Communication). 
This Report was then submitted by the SILS Dean to the Provost on April 
24, 1998.  In a memo dated May 18, 1998 he indicated his support of the 
merger with a target date of July 1, 1999 -- giving us a year to work out 
the details for the merger. 
The concerns of Library and Information Studies and Communication 
overlap considerably.  Both are essentially interested in human 
activities.  They both focus on the users of information and on the human 
aspects of the impacts of information technology.,  They share common 
values, domains of interest, and research methodologies that provide the 
opportunities for productive collaboration.  Note the following from the 
respective mission statements: 
Communication: "to provide the student with a comprehensive knowledge of 
the nature of human communication, the symbol system by which it occurs, 
its media, and its effects." 
SILS: "to prepare graduates with the knowledge, skills, and values 
required to develop, organize, store, retrieve, administer, and facilitate 
the use of recordable information and knowledge." 
The human concerns reflected in both fields converge as well with regard 
to a number of specific information and communication processes. Both are 
concerned with the workings of two systems: the information system and the 
delivery system.  Both are concerned with interpersonal networks, social 
networks, and mass networks.  Both are concerned with the effects on one 
hand of faithful, correct information circulation, and on the other of 
incomplete, incorrect, and misleading information. Communication and 
library and information studies (LIS) are becoming increasingly intertwined 
in an increasingly networked society, with concerns that are in some cases 
parallel and in others complementary. 
        The new School of Information Studies, drawing on the unique 
strengths of the collaboration between the two units,  will enable the 
combined faculties to: 
--- Leverage their presently limited resources so as to strengthen existing 
programs like the MLS.  Ten faculty at SILS and nine faculty in 
Communication plus a Dean will make a good sized school. 
--- Develop, with an initial investment from the University of additional 
faculty positions, a new interdisciplinary 5th year professional master's 
program in information and communication studies which will focus on the 
design, implementation and evaluation of new technologies in the fields and 
professions these units currently serve. 
--- Revise, refine, and implement the previously approved Ph.D. in Library 
and Information Science to incorporate a cognate area in Communication. 
--- Become a major player in UB's new Institute for Information, 
Communication, and Computation, contributing knowledge and research into 
the human aspects of information transfer. 
--- Develop an interdisciplinary research program dealing with the 
personal, organizational, and societal aspects of information transfer, 
especially as they are being impacted by information technologies. 
--- Seek and obtain funding from corporations, foundations, and government 
agencies whose missions concern public policy concerning information 
organization, retrieval, and delivery. 
We will continue to contact you as further developments occur.  Please feel 
free to contact me if you have any questions or concerns. 
Email: bobinski[at] or 716-645-2412 
George S. Bobinski 
Dean and Professor 
School of Information and Library Studies 
University at Buffalo 
534 Baldy Hall 
Buffalo, NY  14260-1020 
(716) 645-2412 
ALAWON                                       Volume 7, Number 113 
ISSN 1069-7799                                 September 28, 1998 
     American Library Association Washington Office Newsline 
In this issue: (102 lines) 
- URGENT!!! 
            IT'S "NOW OR (PERHAPS) NEVERMORE" . . . 
Thanks to those of you who have responded to the Washington 
Office's latest copyright legislation alert (ALAWON vol. 7, #106, 
Sept. 15, 1998) by contacting Congress.  It's official.  The 
"Digital Millennium Copyright Act" (H.R. 2281) is now before a 
Senate/House Conference Committee that's poised to act fast. The 
Committee met for the first time late last Thursday and could 
meet for the **last** time as early as Tuesday, Sept. 29! 
Even if you've never contacted Congress before, now is the time 
to phone and fax all members of the Conference Committee listed 
below (especially if you are a constituent) to ask that they: 
(1) SUPPORT **no less protection for fair use** than that 
afforded by the House's version of H.R. 2281 (the Senate's 
version contains no fair use protection at all); AND 
(2) OPPOSE the inclusion of any "database protection" legislation 
in the final version of the bill (Title V of the House bill 
addresses this issue; the Senate bill is silent). 
It's also urgent that both of your Senators -- even though 
neither may be on the Conference Committee -- be asked to contact 
Senate conference committee leaders Orrin Hatch (R-UT) and 
Patrick Leahy (D-VT) immediately to relay the two critical 
messages above.  For on-line sample letters, e-mail connections 
to your Members of Congress and more background information, 
please visit the Washington Office Web site at: 
With your help this past week, we have made headway, especially 
on the "database protection" front.  Senators Burns (R-MT), 
Conrad (D-ND), D'Amato (R-NY), Dorgan (D-ND), Lieberman (D-CT), 
Moynihan (D-NY), Rockefeller (D-WV), Shelby (R-AL), Snowe (R-ME), 
and Wyden (D-OR) all have written to Sens. Hatch and Leahy 
expressing concern that database legislation should not be 
incorporated into the "Digital Millennium Copyright Act." 
If you live in Alabama, Connecticut, Maine, Montana, New York, 
North Dakota, Oregon or West Virginia, please be sure to fax and 
phone your thanks to these Senators right away.  They are under 
heavy pressure from database protection proponents to withdraw 
their objections to this seriously flawed legislation.  Your 
immediate support and thanks will help them hold the line! 
ST PTY    SENATOR                       PHONE          FAX 
SC R      Strom Thurmond                224-5972       224-1300 
UT R      Orrin G. Hatch, chairman      224-5251       224-6331 
VT D      Patrick J. Leahy              224-4242 
CA-26  D       Howard L. Berman         225-4695       225-5279 
IL-6   R       Henry J. Hyde, chairman  225-4561       225-1166 
LA-3   R       W. J. Tauzin             225-4031       225-0563 
MI-14  D       John Conyers             225-5126       225-0072 
MI-16  D       John D. Dingell          225-4071 
NC-6   R       Howard Coble             225-3065       225-8611 
VA-6   R       Bob Goodlatte            225-5431       225-9681 
VA-7   R       Tom Bliley               225-2815       225-0011 
ALAWON is a free, irregular publication of the American Library 
Association Washington Office.  To subscribe, send the message: 
subscribe ala-wo [your_firstname] [your_lastname] to listproc 
[at]  To unsubscribe, go to 
subscribe.html or send the message: unsubscribe ala-wo to 
listproc[at] ALAWON archives at 
washoff/alawon. Visit our Web site at 
ALA Washington Office                            202.628.8410 (V) 
1301 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, #403                 202.628.8419 (F) 
Washington, DC 20004-1701                        800.941.8478 (V) 
Lynne E. Bradley, Editor                        <leb[at]> 
Deirdre Herman, Managing Editor  <alawash[at]> 
Contributors:                                  Carol C. Henderson 
                                                  Adam M. Eisgrau 
                                             Claudette W. Tennant 
All materials subject to copyright by the American Library 
Association may be reprinted or redistributed for noncommercial 
purposes with appropriate credits. 
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