Library Juice 1:40 - November 11, 1998

1. Intellectual Freedom Quotes at the FAIFE website 
2. Intellectual Freedom Action Network 
3. Truth and Reconciliation Commission Final Report (South Africa) 
4. South African Place Names 
6. Latino Children's Literature Awards 
7. The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences [Frames] 
8. National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature 
9. Internet Use Policies of State Library Associations 
10. ALCTS publishes Standardized Handling of Networked Resources bibliography 
11. E. J. Josey Scholarship Award for 1999 
12. PLA Allie Beth Martin Award 
14. The ALA Elizabeth Futas Catalyst for Change Award: Call for nominations 
15. Barnes & Noble To Buy Ingram For $600 Million 
17. MAI Not Dead Yet!  Important information. 
18. A Crash Course for Citizens on the MAI [RealPlayer] 
20. AALL PRESS RELEASE: Ruling on Amicus Brief in Hyperlaw case 
Quote for the week: 
"The computer is here to stay, therefore *it* must be kept in its proper 
place as a tool and a slave, or we will become sorcerer's apprentices, with 
data data everywhere and not a thought to think." 
-Jesse Shera, "Librarianship and information science," in Fritz Machlup and 
Una Mansfield, _The study of information: interdisciplinary messages_ (NY: 
John Wiley and Sons, 1983) 
Library Juice ends its hiatus from publication one week earlier than announced.   
The inbox couldn't take another week of buildup, and certain items seem to be  
Welcome new subscribers! Subscriptions have gone up dramatically since the back  
issues were put into html format.  Search engines seem more likely to pick up  
html pages than ascii text documents.  
Publication is back on its weekly schedule until further notice. 
1. Intellectual Freedom Quotes at the FAIFE website 
>>> ALAUser <dwood[at]> 11/07 8:59 AM >>> 
2. Intellectual Freedom Action Network 
The ALA Office for Intellectual Freedom has developed the Intellectual 
Freedom Action Network (IFAN).  Those who join--and joining is 
free!--are asked to act as "eyes" and "ears" for intellectual 
IFAN members are expected to do one or more of the following: 
Read the newspaper and watch your local TV programs for incidents of 
censorship, and report them to OIF.  (You can report to OIF by e-mail, 
fax, phone, or U.S. mail.)  Send us any information you come across. 
Monitor lists and computer bulletin boards looking for incidents of 
censorship and information on pressure groups that are forming in your 
area.  Report this information to OIF. 
Attend library board, school board, and local government meetings.  
On average, more than two-thirds of the materials challenged were in 
school libraries or school curricula.  Don't wait for a controversy to 
erupt; make your views known before this happens. 
Be willing to lend your support to someone who is facing a challenge 
and to respond to requests for support from OIF on controversies in 
your area. 
Tell others about the Intellectual Freedom Action Network. 
If you would like to join the Intellectual Freedom Action Network, 
send your Name, Address, City/State/Zip, Phone, Fax, and Email to: 
Intellectual Freedom Action Network 
American Library Association 
Office for Intellectual Freedom 
50 East Huron Street 
Chicago, IL 60611 
IFAN members receive the Intellectual Freedom Action News free. 
(Issues of this publication are available online at 
IFAN members also are subscribed to the IFACTION list and receive 
up-to-the-minute news, action alerts, and other information from OIF. 
Don Wood 
American Library Association 
Office for Intellectual Freedom 
50 East Huron Street 
Chicago, IL 60611 
800-545-2433, ext. 4225 
Fax: 312-280-4227 
3. Truth and Reconciliation Commission Final Report (South Africa) 
Truth and Reconciliation Commission Official Homepage 
Archbishop Desmond Tutu, chairman of South Africa's Truth and 
Reconciliation Commission (TRC), presented the long-awaited 3,500 page 
report to President Mandela, on October 29. The TRC was established in 1995 
to investigate human rights violations committed by all sides during the 
apartheid era. After two-and-a-half years and the testimony of over 21,000 
victims, the TRC has produced a report which accuses leading figures from 
all political parties of human rights violations. The controversial nature 
of the report led to two legal challenges prior to its publication. The 
first, by former President F W de Klerk, was successful, and sections 
relating to him have been removed. The other challenge, by the ruling 
African National Congress (ANC), failed, and the report contains multiple 
accusations of ANC wrongdoing in its long fight against apartheid. The 
harshest criticism, however, is reserved for the senior figures of the 
apartheid system. The TRC site provides the full text of the final report 
in five volumes, totalling over ten megabytes. The TRC homepage offers 
information on the Commission, its legal background, the work of its 
various committees, an Amnesty Database, recommended reading, and suggested 
links. [MD] 
>From the Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1998. 
4. South African Place Names 
From: "Erik P. Mansoor" <mansoor[at]FLASH.NET> 
To: Multiple recipients of list ANS-L              <ANS-L[at]BINGVMB.CC.BINGHAMTON.EDU> 
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY November 5 1998 
 The South African Geographical Names Council Bill would 
contribute to an awareness of the rich linguistic and cultural 
heritage of South Africa's place names, Arts and Culture Minister 
Lionel Mtshali said on Thursday. 
Introducing debate on the bill, he said it established a 
permanent geographical names council to advise on names to be used 
for official purposes. 
Standardisation of place names would be an important feature of 
the council's work. 
"We believe that standardisation can prevent unnecessary 
conflict and misunderstanding, especially in a multicultural and 
multilingual country such as South Africa, where different groups 
traditionally use different names for a place." 
Up to now, the National Place Names Committee had performed 
this function, but its too-narrow mandate - excluding, for example 
the names of topographical features such as mountains and rivers - 
had hampered its effectiveness. 
Wide representation of all the language and cultural groups of 
South African society and the particular expertise of its members 
would ensure that the commission was acceptable to all groupings 
within the South African community. 
Edited by REFORMISTAS Salvador Guerena and Vivian Pisano, _Latino 
Periodicals_ is a collection development tool for librarians who need 
information on Latino periodicals suitable for public, school and academic 
libraries. The nearly 300 titles, which are described and evaluated by 
specialists, include general interest and popular magazines, newspapers, 
fotonovelas and newsletters that will appeal to Spanish-speaking, bilingual 
and English-speaking library patrons, as well as the more specialized 
journals appropriate for the larger public and academic libraries. The 
entries are arranged by subject or type of publication. Title and topic 
indexes are provided and an appendix gives addresses for vendors and 
159 pp. $30 sewn softcover 
ISBN 0-7864-0540-6 
McFarland, 1998. 
6. Latino Children's Literature Awards 
To: Multiple recipients of list EQUILIBR <EQUILIBR[at]CMSA.BERKELEY.EDU> 
Thanks to the  foresight and hard work of children's literature advocates from 
three distinct places, there are now three children's book awards in the 
United States that honor books by Latino authors and/or illustrators, or that 
honor works  about the Latino children's experience.  All three awards are 
different and distinct from each other.  For more information, see the web 
sites for each award. 
When selecting the books for children, may I suggest you check out these award 
winning books.  Help promote quality Latino children's books by urging 
schools, book stores and the public library  to get these titles and to 
highlight appropriate titles during Dia de los Muertos, Navidad,April 30th 
Dia de los Ninos: Dia de los Libros during Hispanic Heritage Month,  and year 
1.  Pura Belpre Award.  Given by REFORMA the National Association to provide 
Library Services to the Spanish Speaking  and ALSC, the Association for 
Library Services to Children, a division of the American Library Association. 
The 1998 winners are Victor Martinez for Parrot in the Oven - text 
 and Stephanie Garcia for Snapshots of a Wedding- Illustration 
Also includes honor book winners. 
Tomas Rivera Award- Given by Southwest Texas State University, San 
The 1998 winner is Pat Mora for Tomas and the Library Lady.  Illustrated by 
Raul Colon. 
The Americas Award 
Sponsored by CLASP,the Consortium of Latin American Studies Program, the 
University of Wisconsin, Madison. 
The 1997 winners are Francisco Jiminez for The Circuit 
and The Face at the Window by Regina Hanson, Illustrated by Linda Saport 
Also includes honor winners. 
Oralia Garza de Cortes 
REFORMA Children's Services Committee 
7. The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences [Frames] 
The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS), an electronic 
publication of the MIT Press, is a new comprehensive reference work that 
encompasses the diverse theories and methodologies of the cognitive and 
brain sciences. The encyclopedia contains 471 specialized articles by 
preeminent researchers and scholars; articles include extensive 
bibliographies and provide multiple cross-references. MITECS spans six 
major topics: Philosophy; Psychology; Neuroscience; Computational 
Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and 
Evolution. The introductory essays that precede each major section discuss 
topics within the larger framework of the cognitive sciences. The 
encyclopedia may be browsed by an author or a topic index, and the entire 
work is searchable by keyword. Please note that first-time users of the 
encyclopedia are required to register at the site; necessary registration 
information includes email address, full name, and research interests. [AO] 
>From the Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1998. 
8. National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature 
The National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature (NRCBL), located at 
Georgetown University's Kennedy Institute of Ethics, maintains the "world's 
largest collection related to ethical issues in medicine and biomedical 
research." Among other services, the NRCBL's Website helps researchers, 
teachers, and students find resources on bioethics topics. Bibliographies 
of recent literature cover special topics such as Assisted Suicide/Right to 
Die and Cloning, materials in the NRCBL's Kampelman Collection of Jewish 
Ethics, and more general resources. A series of Scope Notes (accessed 
through the Ethics and Human Genetics section) provides background notes 
and citations to literature on selected topics. Visitors to the site can 
also link to universities with programs in Bioethics, the Bioethicsline 
bibliographic database, a catalog of course syllabi available for purchase 
through the Center, and other Internet resources. [GW] 
>From the Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1998. 
9. Internet Use Policies of State Library Associations 
Internet Use Policies/Internet Filtering Statements of State Library 
Associations located on the Office for Intellectual Freedom site has 
been updated. It can be found at 
As of October 28, 1998, links are provided to statements from 
Georgia, Kansas, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia. 
OIF has received filtering resolutions from 
California Library Association 
Georgia Library Association 
Kansas Library Association 
Minnesota Library Association 
Montana Library Association Academic Special Libraries Division 
Montana Library Association Public Library Directors 
New Hampshire Library Association 
New Jersey Library Association 
North Carolina Public Library Directors Association 
Rhode Island Library Association 
Tennessee Library Association 
Virginia Library Association 
Illinois Library Association has not passed a resolution on 
filtering, but rather has endorsed the ALA policy on filtering. 
OIF would appreciate your sending paper copies of filtering 
resolutions from other state associations.  OIF also would appreciate 
knowing which other associations, if any, have endorsed the ALA policy 
without passing its own resolution on filtering. 
Thank you. 
Don Wood 
American Library Association 
Office for Intellectual Freedom 
50 East Huron Street 
Chicago, IL 60611 
800-545-2433, ext. 4225 
Fax: 312-280-4227 
10. ALCTS publishes Standardized Handling of Networked Resources bibliography 
The Association for Library Collections & Technical Services 
(ALCTS), a division of the American Library Association, has published 
Standardized Handling of Networked Resources: An Annotated 
Bibliography.  It can be found on the ALCTS Web site at 
The bibliography is the work of the ALCTS Networked Resources 
and Metadata Committee's Subcommittee on Standards.  The 
subcommittee's intent is to provide a source of relevant information 
as it pertains to the issues facing ALCTS members as they address the 
collection, cataloging and provision of access to networked resources. 
It contains sections on transport, markup, display, identifiers, 
metadata and ratings, as well as a glossary of acronyms. The 
bibliography is linked to a variety of online resources and is 
intended to serve as a starting point for exploring standardized 
handling of networked resources. 
This publication is part of the subcommittee's ongoing work 
and will be updated regularly.  Other sections are being developed. 
The Networked Resources and Metadata Committee was established 
in June 1995 as the ALCTS Digital Resources Committee.  Its name and 
charge were changed to their present form in June 1998.  For more 
information, see the committee's Web page at 
American Library Association 
Public Information Office 
News Releases 
Vol. 4, No. 6 
For Immediate Release 
November 9, 1998 
Joyce Kelly, Press Officer 
Linda Wallace, Director 
         312-280-5043 or 5042 
         E-Mail:  pio[at] 
11. E. J. Josey Scholarship Award for 1999 
The Black Caucus of the American Library Association is announcing the 
E.J. Josey Scholarship Award for 1999.  Three Scholarship Awards of $2,000 
will be given to three graduate students in an ALA accredited Library and 
Information Science program in the USA or Canada. 
Persons wishing to apply must: 
* Be an African American Citizen of the United States or Canada. 
* Be enrolled in a graduate program leading to a degree in library and 
information science at the time of application. 
* Submit an essay of 1,000 - 2,000 words discussing "Challenges and 
Opportunities Facing African American Librarians in the New Millenium" 
* Essays will be judged on the basis of good argument development and 
critical analysis, clear language, conciseness, and creativity.  Submitted 
essays will not be returned. 
Special Instructions: 
Include a cover letter providing the applicant's name, address, phone 
number, graduate program, name of school and anticipated date of 
Double-spaced typing on all pages. 
Deadline for submissions: December 15, 1998. 
The recipient of the award will be notified by March 1, 1999. 
Submit your essay for the award to: 
E.J. Josey Scholarship Committee 
Att. Dr. Ismail Abdullahi 
Clark Atlanta University 
School of Library and Information Studies 
James P. Brawley Dr. at Fair Street, S.W. 
Atlanta, Georgia  30314 
12. PLA Allie Beth Martin Award 
---------- Forwarded message ---------- 
Date: Tue, 27 Oct 1998 14:28:52 -0800 (PST) 
From: Pilsitz, June <JPilsitz[at]> 
To: Multiple recipients of list <web4lib[at]> 
Subject: [WEB4LIB] PLA award 
Do you know a librarian with an extraordinary range and depth of 
knowledge about books, electronic resources, and other library 
materials?  Does that person possess outstanding communication skills as 
well--through booktalks, presentations to community or professional 
groups or in written reviews? 
The Public Library Association's Allie Beth Martin Award honors such a 
person every year.  The Award provides recognition and a $3,000 
honorarium which are presented at the PLA President's Reception at the 
summer ALA annual conference. 
Nominate a deserving colleague today.  The deadline for nominations is 
December 1, 1998.  Nomination forms are available from the PLA office in 
Chicago or on the PLA Web site: 
June Pilsitz 
Electronic Resources Librarian 
Newport Beach Public Library 
Students in ALA-accredited library and information studies programs 
are invited to submit articles in the second annual Student Writing 
and Development Award competition sponsored by LAMA and YBP, Inc. 
(formerly Yankee Book Peddler).  The deadline for entries is March 
The topic for the 1999 competition is technology's impact on 
leadership, encompassing such issues as competition and new 
opportunities. The LAMA president will notify the selected applicant 
by May 1, 1999.  The winning article will be published in the fall 
1999 issue of _Library Administration and Management_, (_LA&M_), the 
LAMA magazine.  The award recipient will receive a travel grant of up 
to $1,000 funded by YBP, Inc., to attend the 1999 ALA Annual 
Conference in New Orleans.  The winner also will be recognized at the 
LAMA President's Program and at the first meeting of the LAMA board of 
Selection criteria include relevance to the announced theme, 
applicability to a variety of library settings, originality of ideas, 
persuasiveness of arguments, quality of writing, clarity of 
presentation, and contribution to the continuing education of the LAMA 
This LAMA/YBP leadership initiative is designed to stimulate 
authorship in the areas of library administration and management, to 
encourage professional development and enable participation in ALA and 
LAMA activities.  The award recipient must be a current student member 
of ALA and LAMA. 
For more information, article guidelines, criteria and an application 
form, consult the LAMA Web page at or call 
LAMA Publications Assistant Beatrice Calvin at (800)545-2433, ext. 
14. The ALA Elizabeth Futas Catalyst for Change Award: Call for nominations 
Sender: owner-member-forum[at] 
The ALA Elizabeth Futas Catalyst for Change Award 
The Futas award, $1,000 and a formal certificate, recognizes 
and honors a librarian who invests time and talent to make 
positive changes in the profession of librarianship, by 
     * taking risks to further the cause 
     * helping new librarians grow and achieve 
     * working for change within the ALA or other library organizations 
     * inspiring colleagues to excel or make the impossible possible. 
Liz Futas was a dynamic librarian, library educator, mentor and  
ALA leader whose untimely death in 1995 motivated an outpouring of 
donations and a desire to do something to continue the high standards 
she set. This award is one of the results.  Liz was interested in all 
areas of the profession and all types of libraries; what she wanted 
most was for librarians to be active in promoting their services, in 
challenging the status quo, in seeking equity within library services 
and the profession, while maintaining the highest level of quality  
and integrity.  
Do you know a librarian who exemplifies these kinds of qualities? 
The first two winners of this award were Camila Alire (1997) and 
Kathleen de la Pena McCook (1998).  The Futas Award jury for 1999 
seeks nominations for the next award.  Nomination letters should 
describe specific actions and activities of the candidate and should 
be accompanied by supporting documentation.  There is an official 
form that must be submitted. 
DEADLINE: December 1, 1998. 
For more information, contact the jury chair: 
     Sarah Pritchard 
     Smith College Libraries 
     Northampton, MA 01063 
     (413) 585-2902 
Or the ALA Awards Program: 
     ALA Awards Program 
     Member Programs and Services 
     50 E. Huron Street 
     Chicago, IL 60611 
15. Barnes & Noble To Buy Ingram For $600 Million 
Sent to srrtac-l by Fred Stoss 
---------- Forwarded message ---------- 
Date: Fri, 6 Nov 1998 15:14:53 -0500 
From: "William C. Robinson" <wrobins1[at]UTK.EDU> 
Reply-To: UTK School of Information Sciences <UTKSIS-L[at]UTKVM1.UTK.EDU> 
To: Multiple recipients of list UTKSIS-L <UTKSIS-L[at]UTKVM1.UTK.EDU> 
Subject: B&N to buy Ingrams 
Barnes & Noble To Buy Ingram For $600 Million 
NEW YORK (Reuters) - Barnes & Noble Inc. said Friday it agreed to buy 
Ingram Book Group, a leading wholesaler of trade books, in a $600 million 
stock and cash deal that would greatly expand the distribution network of 
one of the world's biggest booksellers. 
Barnes & Noble will pay $400 million in stock and $200 million in cash for 
Ingram Book Group, a unit of privately held Ingram Industries Inc. The 
acquisition would provide 11 shipping points that would enable overnight 
delivery to 80 percent of Barnes & Noble's online and retail store 
``Not only will we be capable of quickly delivering every book in print, 
but through Lightning Print Inc., and through our network of affiliates, we 
intend to facilitate rapid deliveries of millions of titles which are now 
out of print,'' Barnes & Noble Chairman Leonard Riggio said in a statement. 
Ingram Book Group will continue to supply books to current customers 
including independent bookstores, specialty retailers, and libraries, in 
the United States and abroad, Barnes & Noble said in a statement. 
John Ingram, chairman of Ingram Book Group, will continue to serve as 
chairman of Ingram and will be vice chairman on Barnes & Noble's board. 
New York-based Barnes & Noble Inc. operates 504 Barnes & Noble bookstores 
and 507 B. Dalton bookstores and sells books online through America Online 
and the Internet at 
William C. Robinson (wrobins1[at] 
Associate Professor, School of Information Sciences, University of 
Tennessee, Knoxville 37996-4330 
Voice: 423.974.7918 Fax: 423.974.4967 
November 10, 1998 
RTMARK mailto:bagday[at] 
American Booksellers Assocation mailto:info[at] 
Friends United mailto:friends[at]  (512-494-9273) 
Destruction of neighborhoods by corporate chains is target of bag-wearing  
AUSTIN - A nationwide coalition that includes recording artists Negativland,  
the estate of Terry Southern, and others is declaring November 23 to be "Bag  
Day," and asking that at noon on that day, people all over the U.S. protest the  
homogenizing and destructive effects of corporate chains, by browsing in Barnes  
& Noble bookstores--with paper bags on their heads. 
RTMARK is channeling $1200 in anonymous donations to aid with promotion of Bag  
Day. RTMARK has helped sponsor two other mass-action protests, both  
tremendously successful: last April's Phone In Sick Day, which was deemed  
responsible for the "sickout" of 80% of the Irish police force, and September's  
Zapatista FloodNet, which the Pentagon called "immoral" and attempted  
unsuccessfully to repel, and which the FBI called an example of "worldwide  
electronic insurrection" (another FloodNet action, also sponsored by RTMARK, is  
scheduled for November 22; see below). For press reports on these and other  
RTMARK actions, see 
The choice of Barnes & Noble as Bag Day's primary target is due in part to a  
lawsuit filed in March by the American Booksellers Association along with two  
dozen independently-owned bookstores. The lawsuit contends that the enormously  
successful chain, whose legal worth has nearly doubled in the past year, has  
"engaged in a pattern and practice of soliciting, inducing, and receiving  
secret, discriminatory, and illegal terms from publishers and distributors,"  
and that much of the chain's expansion "can only be profitable if the chains  
receive illegal deals and existing independent booksellers are driven out of  
the marketplace." (See for more on this  
The broader purpose of Bag Day is to call attention to similar behavior by  
other corporate chains that results in the destruction of small businesses, and  
with them the individuality and character of whole neighborhoods (see for  
example The bag is also meant to be evocative  
of the Old West bandit's stereotypical facial covering; November 23 is Billy  
the Kid's putative birthday, and bag-wearers will be known as "billies" to  
commemorate this figure who primarily attacked corporate entities that had  
stepped out of line. 
The idea for this national protest was conceived and launched by an  
Austin-based activist group ( In recent  
weeks, many other groups and individuals have joined in to help promote the  
event, including recording artists Negativland, the estate of Terry Southern,  
Alt-X/Black Ice, the AK Press, the Church of the SubGenius, and others. 
For more background, please see: (above suit against B&N) (related issue) (Dept. of Justice 
             inquiry into B&N; includes models for letters to Janet Reno) (another suit against B&N) (RTMARK press page) (Friends United) (corporate monitors) (corporate monitors) (RTMARK video) 
RTMARK was established in 1991 to further anti-corporate activism, often by  
channelling funds from donors to workers for the sabotage of corporate  
products. Recent and upcoming acts of RTMARK-aided subversion are documented on  
RTMARK's web site, 
17. MAI Not Dead Yet!  Important information. 
Reply-To: srrtac-l[at] 
Sender: owner-srrtac-l[at] 
I am forwarding this message on the MAI.  I have removed the part that 
relates only to Canada so that it is not overly long. 
From: Jos.Anemaet[at] 
To: akagan[at] 
Subject: MAI info. of interest 
Date: Tue, 10 Nov 1998 11:30:16 -0800 
Hello Al, 
This was on our Faculty/Staff/Students for Peace (FSSP) listserv at Oregon 
State University. I thought you might be interested. It is very long so I 
did not want to send it to the SRRT Action Council list. 
Jos Anemaet, Oregon SRRT 
This is a cleaned-up (so as to be readable by persons with non-graphics 
browsers like me)  version of a post whose antecedents are included. 
Apologies if you've already seen it. 
Received: from 
From: Orlando Books <orlando[at]compusmart.a> 
Subject: MAI is moving ! 
THE MAI (Multilateral Agreement on Investment) IS NOT DEAD!  IT IS 
The OECD's (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) two 
day formal negotiating group meeting was restricted to a one day 
informal affair which unfortunately (fortunately for us!) produced no 
helpful, defining answers as to what should be done with the MAI. 
According to Maude Barlow, Canadian journalists left the OECD press 
conference at the end of the day frustrated at the ambiguity and 
non-answers they were given.  The OECD is in a muddle!  Donald Johnston 
stated that the French government's withdrawal from negotiations is 
something the European Union should 'handle'.   This indicates that 
there will most likely be political pressure placed on France to get 
back in line.  The negotiating group will meet again in 3 months time 
(December, 1998) in Paris to continue discussion. 
It is interesting to note that at the last OECD meeting in April, 1998, 
each of the 29 member countries committed to consult with their own 
citizens about the MAI.  Many did nothing and a few (like Canada) went 
through a cursory consultation process more like a PR campaign.  The 
French government was the only one that engaged in consultations in any 
depth, so it's no surprise that they withdrew from negotiations!  Most 
citizens oppose the agreement when they understand the clauses and 
implications of the MAI. 
*       The MAI is NOT dead yet! It will be transferred over to the 
World Trade Organization next fall, 1999 (though probably under a 
different name).  There are plans already being laid within the OECD for 
this transference to happen. This transference will require the WTO to 
add investment regulations to its millennium agenda.  Although the WTO 
is not a usual forum for trade issues, it is really the only existing 
international body through which multinational regulations for trade and 
investment can be passed. 
*       There is still going to be a push to get as much agreement as 
possible on the MAI through the OECD.  The US particularly is advocating 
this as they believe it will be easier to gain agreement through the 
OECD than the WTO (which has a membership of ~129 organizations rather 
than a select 29) 
Major benchmarks to watch for in the foreseeable future of the MAI: 
*       December, 1998- OECD Negotiating Group Meeting (Paris, France): 
Negotiating group meeting again in Paris to discuss how to move the MAI 
to the WTO. 
*       April, 1999- OECD Ministerial Meeting (Paris, France): All 
29-member countries meeting to generate as much enthusiasm as possible 
about the MAI as they move it over to the WTO.  An attempt to mask their 
failure at ratifying the agreement. 
*       Fall, 1999- WTO Ministerial Meeting (Washington, DC): A big 
rah-rah session for the WTO.  Will discuss adding trade and investment 
to their millennium round agenda, which means that the MAI is 
resurrected at the WTO.  Also Clinton's last year in office so the 
success of the WTO meeting will be of major importance to the US 
*       Fall, 2000- WTO Ministerial Meeting- Millennium Round 
(Washington, DC): Will be discussing the new MAI. 
Al Kagan 
Africana Unit, Room 328 
University of Illinois Library 
1408 W. Gregory Drive 
Urbana, IL 61801, USA 
tel. 217-333-6519 
fax. 217-333-2214 
e-mail. akagan[at] 
18. A Crash Course for Citizens on the MAI [RealPlayer] 
	[real video, acceptably viewable at 28.8] 
On the wonderfully rad website, worth a looksee on its own. 
(Contributed by Jessamyn West) 
19. Hyperlaw wins copyright case - published court opinions are public domain 
Info-Policy-Notes | News from Consumer Project on Technology  
November 3, 1998 
	Hyperlaw wins copyright case --  
	Court rules published court opinions  
	are in the public domain 
	Alan Sugarman, the owner of Hyperlaw, just called.  Hyperlaw was just 
won a very important copyright suit in the United States Court of 
Appeals for the Second Circuit.  The Hyperlaw/West suit concerned two 
1.  Does West Publishing have a copyright on the citations to published 
court opinions? 
2.  Does West Publishing have a copyright on the published corrections 
to court opinions. 
	Hyperlaw, a small NYC firm that publishes court opinions on CD-ROM, 
argued that the published court opinions were in the public domain.  
Today the 2nd Circuit agreed.  Background on this case is found at: 
	This has been a closely watched case.  At stake is the public's right 
to publish the text of court opinions, including corrections often only 
found in West's bound volumes of court opinions, with citations based 
upon the page numbers in the West bound volumes.  West is the only 
comprehensive publisher in paper of federal district court and circuit 
court opinions, and the body of legal scholarship and court opinions 
rely upon West's citations and the corrected versions of court opinions 
that appear in the West books. The case is a major blow to West 
Publishing and Lexis, the two members of the so called Wexis cartel, and 
it is a major victory for citizen access to legal information.  
	This dispute is also the driving force behind Congressional efforts to 
create new legislation that would create new property rights in data.  
The federal legislation, which was defeated this year, would protect the 
Wexis cartel from competition.   (see: 
	This is my quote:   
	"Alan Sugarman, the owner of Hyperlaw, has fought long and hard to 
protect the public's rights in the most public of all data -- the law. 
If Hyperlaw had lost this suit, 75 years of published federal court 
opinions would be owned by West Publishing.  For every citizen that is 
expected to obey the law, this is good news.  It means the law belongs 
to the people, not a private monopoly. " 
	CPT has long supported efforts to broaden public access to legal 
   Jamie Love <love[at]> 202.387.8030 
INFORMATION POLICY NOTES: the Consumer Project on Technology, 202.387.8030, fax 202.234.5127. 
Archives of Info-Policy-Notes are available from  
Subscription requests to listproc[at] with the message:  
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20. AALL PRESS RELEASE: Ruling on Amicus Brief in Hyperlaw case 
[This message has been sent to AALL members and the Law-Lib listserv; please 
excuse the duplication] 
Margaret Barge or William P. Figel 
Figel, Inc. 
tel. 312/223-9536   fax:  312/223-9553 
email:  figelinc[at] 
CHICAGO, NOVEMBER 4, 1998 -- Yesterday, the United States Court of Appeals 
for the Second Circuit ruled on Matthew Bender & Co. v. West Publishing 
Group, impacting the future of free public access to public information. 
The finding for Matthew Bender & Co. follows the recommendations raised by 
The American Association of Law Libraries (AALL) and five major library 
associations in their amicus brief filed in the first of these cases, which 
urged the court to uphold the important right of access to public 
"This is an important victory for the access to government information, and 
in this particular situation, to judicial decisions," said AALL President 
Jim Heller.  "The American Association of Law Libraries believes that the 
public must have free access to state and federal court decisions, 
legislative, administrative regulations and other information that is 
produced by governmental agencies at taxpayers' expense." In the first case, 
the Court was asked to consider whether court opinions, as edited by West 
Publishing Co., were copyrightable.  West argued that they were protected 
based on the creativity inherent in the editorial enhancements they make to 
the opinions.  The amicus brief filed by AALL and the library associations 
disagreed, noting that the opinions are public information and the other 
enhancements are not protected.  A two judge majority of the Court found 
that the opinions themselves, not including the syllabi, headnotes, and Key 
Numbers, are not copyrightable.  The Court held that West's other editorial 
enhancements, including, among other things, the selection and arrangement 
of attorney information, the arrangement of information relating to 
subsequent developments, and the selection of parallel and alternative 
citations, are not sufficiently creative to warrant protection under the 
Copyright Act.  In a separate issue raised during the second case, the 
Appeals court rejected West's claim that competing publishers insertion of 
page numbers from West reporters into a CD-ROM version of court opinions 
amounted to a copying of West's arrangement of the opinions.  The Court 
specifically indicated its disagreement with an earlier opinion from the 8th 
West Publishing Co. v. Mead Data Central, Inc. 799 F.2d 1219 (8th Cir.1986). 
The Second Circuit explained:  "[t]he Eight Circuit ... adduces no authority 
for protecting pagination as a 'reflection' of arrangement, and does not 
explain how the insertion of star pagination created a 'copy' featuring an 
arrangement of cases substantially similar to West's ....  It is true that 
star pagination enables users to locate ... a piece of text within the West 
volume.  But this location does not result in any proximate way from West's 
original arrangement of cases (or any other exercise of original creation) 
and may be lawfully copied." 
About AALL: 
The American Association of Law Libraries (AALL) was founded in 1906 to 
promote and enhance the value of law libraries to the legal and public 
communities, to foster the profession of law librarianship, and to provide 
leadership in the field of legal information.  To learn more about AALL, 
contact Executive Director Roger Parent, 312/939-4764 or visit AALL's web 
  L I B R A R Y   J U I C E 
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