Library Juice 1:5 - February 10, 1998

1.  Meeting of Union for Democratic Communications (Call for Contributions) 
2.  The Tibetan Book of the Dead -- UVA Library [Javascript] 
3.  Black History Month--Gale Research [frames] 
5.  The Two Nations of Black America--PBS [RealPlayer] 
6.  UMBC AgentWeb  -  "Intelligent Agents" 
7.  From Frying Pan to Flying Z: The Rise of the Electric Guitar - SI NMAH 
8.  The Memory Management Reference 
9.  devSearch [frames, Javascript]  Web development search engine 
10.  AltaVista Search Engine  -- Barrier to Access? 
11.  Call for Papers and Projects  -  Gender and Knowledge 
12.  "Observation and Measurement in Evaluating Digital Libraries" 
13.  CIA-Coke Report Online 
14.  January/February 1998 Intellectual Freedom Action News 
15.  Links on Country of Ireland 
16.  Hawaiian Independence and Cultural Liberation  -  several links 
1.  Meeting of Union for Democratic Communications (Call for Contributions) 
The Union for Democratic Communications 
The Union for Democratic Communications (UDC) invites participation in 
its next international meeting, June 11-14, 1998, in San Francisco, 
California, addressing the topic "Media, Democracy and the Public 
UDC welcomes papers, audiovisual works, panels, workshops and projects 
that break with traditional, monological approaches, to promote dialogue 
and interaction around questions of critical communications and media 
activism, as suggested below.  Please send proposals for presentations 
by no later than MARCH 1, 1998, to 
        Prof. Bernadette Barker-Plummer 
        1998 UDC Conference Chair 
        Department of Communication 
        University of San Francisco 
        2130 Fulton Street 
        San Francisco, CA 94117     email: barkerplum[at] 
2.  The Tibetan Book of the Dead: Literature and Artwork on Prayer, Ritual, 
    and Meditation from the Religious Traditions of Tibet, India and Nepal 
    --UVA Library [Javascript] 
The Special Collections Department of the University of Virginia Library 
has recently launched this site, a companion to an exhibit running from 
November 7, 1997 to March 4, 1998. The UVA Library holds one of the world's 
largest collections of Tibetan literature; this site is designed to 
"demystify the sacred Tibetan texts on death and dying and to create an 
opportunity to share the wisdom of these ancient beliefs and practices." 
The text and artwork sections highlight the site; they contain six and 
three subsections respectively. Under texts there are explanations, and 
page samples of Sutras, Tantras, The Art of Dying, and Transitions to the 
Other World, among others. The still-developing artworks section contains 
explanations and/or examples of selected scroll paintings, statuary, and 
ceremonial art. The only drawback to this fascinating site is the confusing 
Javascript navigation interface, which requires users to click on the 
"Choose a Page" button and make a selection, even if there is only one 
selection. [JS] 
(from Internic Scout Report - 
Black History Month--Gale Research [frames] 
Gale Research, publisher of many library reference resources, provides this 
site in celebration of Black History Month, as well as to increase 
awareness of the 22 related reference resources it supplies. The focal 
point of the site is the biography section, featuring thumbnail sketches of 
60 prominent African-American men and women derived from the _African 
American Almanac_. A briefly annotated timeline highlights relevant events 
from 1619 to the present. Another section features content summaries of 35 
works taken from _The Schomburg Center Guide to Black Literature_. Daily 
quizzes and selected educational activities from the _Black History Month 
Resource Book_ round out the site. [JS] 
(from Internic Scout Report - 
As part of the newly created Website of Hans Zell Publishing 
Consultants, and which can be found at 
this directory of well over 400 links and Internet resources has been 
designed especially for use by the book professions in Africa and by 
African writers and scholars, particularly those who may be new to the 
Web. However, we hope Africana librarians, and cyberhounds outside 
Africa, will also find it helpful and informative. 
and pick-list to some of the best sites on Africa, African studies, and 
African publishing and the book trade. It also provides links - many 
with short descriptions - to the home pages of African and Africanist 
journals, African newspapers, to Web sites of libraries in Africa and to 
some of the major Africana libraries in the countries of the North, as 
well as links to the major publishers (outside Africa) with African 
studies lists. Additional links cover resources for writers, African 
literary and cultural journals, and a number of African literature 
sites. Moreover, there is also a section on electronic networks for 
development, and Web sites featuring discussions and resource material 
on Internet infrastructure and connectivity in Africa. 
In addition to Africa- and African studies-related Internet sites it 
also offers links to Web sites (not Africa-specific) relating to book 
and journal publishing and the retail book trade, book trade 
organizations, publishing services, libraries and library associations, 
as well as a number of other organizations, networks, NGOs, and donor 
agencies. There are also links to some of the best general reference and 
Internet directories, and to some of the major Internet tools and search 
A hardcopy version of the ELECTRONIC AFRICAN BOOKWORM is available to 
the African book communities free of charge through the Bellagio 
Publishing Network Secretariat,  Email: bellpubnet[at] 
The Hans Zell Website, and its extensive links pages, will be regularly 
updated. Comments and suggestions are welcome! 
The Two Nations of Black America--PBS [RealPlayer] 
This companion site to a recent _Frontline_ examines the growing class gap 
within the African-American community. The site features a powerful essay 
by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., the correspondent and writer for _Frontline's_ 
report, RealPlayer audio and text from the Du Bois Institute's 1997 forum, 
economic and social statistics, and interviews with prominent 
African-American activists and scholars, including Eldridge Cleaver, Angela 
Davis, Cornel West, and Jesse Jackson. Additional resources include a 
summary of the debate between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois, a 
movie of the Howard University 1968 Takeover, a discussion forum, and a 
collection of readings and links. A complete transcript of the show is 
forthcoming. [MD] 
(from Internic Scout Report - 
UMBC AgentWeb 
This site, sponsored and maintained by the University of Maryland Baltimore 
County (UMBC) Laboratory for Advanced Information Technology (LAIT), 
focuses on intelligent agents, known alternatively as software agents, 
knowbots, infobots or intentional agents. The site is divided into several 
parts, some of which are annotated and some of which contain only links to 
resources. Annotated resources include a bibliography titled Introduction 
to Agents (under Introductory Material), a list of research projects 
involving agent technology, and abstracts of and links to articles on a 
variety of topics such as Agents and Security and Agents in Manufacturing. 
(from Internic Scout Report - 
>From Frying Pan to Flying Z: The Rise of the Electric Guitar--SI NMAH 
    [.wav, .aiff] 
The Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation at the 
Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History provides this 
new site, which celebrates the evolution of the electric guitar. Although 
new, the site is based on an exhibit at the NMAH that took place in 1996 
and 1997. It contains sections on the invention process, the commercial 
success of the instrument, and the development of its design. The 
centerpiece of the site, however, is the annotated gallery of 40 guitars 
ranging from acoustic to electric to "innovative design." A section 
explaining how guitars work (with selected sound clips) completes the site. 
(from Internic Scout Report - 
The Memory Management Reference 
The Memory Management Reference, a publication of the Harlequin Group, is a 
useful compilation of memory management resources. The site offers a range 
of information including a handy, hyperlinked dictionary of terms, an 
introduction to memory management, a detailed bibliography which includes 
abstracts, FAQs, links to other resources, and more. It is both a good 
reference point for current garbage collection research, as well as a nice 
introduction to the subject for the novice. [CL] 
(from Internic Scout Report - 
devSearch [frames, Javascript] 
Project Cool provides this meta-search engine that allows simultaneous 
searching of up to 23 web development-related sites. Customized searches in 
a limited number of sites are available from the following home page linked 
sections: HTML+, design, scripting, and zines. The megaSearch section can 
be used to search any or all sites covered. The search interface supports 
only multiple phrase searching; the providers of the site advise users to 
be discriminating in the sites they pick to search. Each search site is 
briefly described. [JS] 
(from Internic Scout Report - 
10.  Search Engine Barrier to Access? 
This message was forwarded through the Red Rock Eater News Service 
(RRE). Send any replies to the original author, listed in the From: 
field below. You are welcome to send the message along to others but 
please do not use the "redirect" command.  For information on RRE, 
including instructions for (un)subscribing, send an empty message to 
Date: Wed, 26 Mar 1997 08:20:28 -0500 
From: John Pike <johnpike[at]> 
To: pagre[at] 
Subject: Flawed AltaVista Internet Search Engine 
"As web-surfing enthusiasts already know, AltaVista is a program 
that will search the entire Web..." was the way Amy Schwartz 
introduced a review of the new book "The AltaVista Search 
Revolution" on the oped page of the Washington Post ["The 
Information Laundromat" 22 March 1997]. 
While AltaVista is indeed an estimable implementation, most 
web.surfers will be astonished to learn that, contrary to this 
conventional wisdom, AltaVista indexes only a small, flawed, 
arbitrary and not even random sample of what is on the web today. 
Estimates of the total content of the web are of necessity 
speculative, but run as high as 150 million pages. AltaVista 
claims  < to be "the largest Web 
index: 31 million pages found on 476,000 servers." So where are 
the missing pages ?? [or as Ronald Reagan asked "where is 
the rest of me??]. 
There are many reasons a web page might not show up in the 
AltaVista index. Some parts of some sites are hidden from public 
view with the Robots Exclusion Protocol, which tells search 
engines not to index certain pages. Other types of content, such 
as the Adobe Portable Document Format [PDF] do not currently 
support indexing. Some large sites dynamically generate 
their content, rendering it invisible to search engines. And other 
sites have security access controls which may [or may not!!! 
but that is another story.... ] preclude indexing their pages. 
But surely this does not explain why the estimable AltaVista 
indexes only 20% of the web. 
The AltaVista FAQ sez: 
>How do I submit my site to AltaVista? 
>Use our Add URL feature, found at the bottom of every 
>page. Simply type in the main URL for your site. You can 
>submit several URLs, but it is considered bad taste to 
>manually submit your entire site: just let Scooter do this for you. 
This certainly creates the impression that once AltaVista has even 
one URL from a site, it will automatically [in the fullness of time, 
but that is another story as well....] include the entire site in 
its widely used index. Certainly, this claim is the reason that 
AltaVista is so widely relied upon, and the reason that most 
web.users assume that "if it ain't in AltaVista, it ain't online" 
I webmaster the Federation of American Scientists site, 
which is a medium-sized website with some 6,000 pages and about 1/2 
Gig online. Recently I noticed that the Alta Vista search engine seemed 
to only index about 600 of our pages. I thought that this was rather odd, 
since I had long had the impression that AltaVista indexed pretty much 
everything, or at least made a good-faith best effort to do so. I asked 
them about this, and this is what I got back: 
>Date: Tue, 18 Mar 1997 09:08:39 -0800 (PST) 
>From: Alta Vista Support 
>To: johnpike 
>Subject: Re: AltaVista not indexing 
>That is probably a good estimate...We have 600 pages from you indexed 
>in the system. You will probably not see much more than that for any 
>one domain. Goecities has 300...and they have 300,000 members. 
I confess that I was rather horrified as I contemplated the implications 
of this [which can be verfied by searching AltaVista on < > 
... try this trick on your own domain and see what happens!!!]. 
For a medium to large site, such as ours, it means that they are only 
indexing some arbitrarily selected subset of our total content. Thus 
corporations, universities, or most other really content-rich sites 
will be poorly represented in their index. 
It also means that for smaller entities that do not have their own 
domain, their content will also not be indexed. As in, are the reported 
300,000 users of Geocities aware that the fact that their pages are hosted 
[at] [or the larger number of folks who are hosted [at]] means that they are effectively invisible to AltaVista, 
one of the most widely used and admired search engines??? 
What this seems to mean is that medium-sized sites of a few hundred 
pages are going to show up nicely in AltaVista, but larger and smaller 
implementations will be nearly invisible, which is a rather odd way of 
doing things. I mean, this is sorta like buying a map that shows some 
arbitrary number of roads but doesn't have any of the main interstates, 
or a phone book that only has even-numbered phone numbers, or something. 
I confess that I was not previously aware of this practice of 
AltaVista, which is certainly not been previously reported anywhere, and 
is certainly [at] variance with their apparent claims that if you supply them 
with one URL from their site they will spontaneously include the rest of 
their site in their index. 
This is not to trash AltaVista, which at least has an implementation 
that enables one to determine just how many of your pages are in their 
index [I can't seem to make the other engines do this neat trick]. But it 
is to say that anyone whose online presence has been predicated on their 
entire site [large or small] showing up in AltaVista had better think again. 
And that anyone trying to search the 'entire' web [as opposed to some 
arbitrary sample thereof] had best look somewhere other than AltaVista. 
Frankly, I think this is a more significant story than the widely 
reported "flawed Pentium chip" or "browser security flaws" stories. 
These highly visible episodes affected only a small number of 
users, or were more in the nature of theoretical problems. But 
AltaVista claims to be used nearly 30 million times a day, 
so this "undocumented feature" of AltaVista affects nearly 
everyone who uses the web [doesn't everyone???]. 
As someone who uses AltaVista many times a day, and whose 
webpresence strategy had been predicated on "If I build it, they will 
come, cause they will find it in AltaVista" this has really come as a 
shock to me, and I imagine that it would come as a shock to many others 
as well. I mean, it is one thing to admit that regenerating a web.wide 
index takes a long time, and that your index goes stale after a month or 
so, but it is another to admit that you are just not even trying to index 
large sites, or small sites that are appended to an ISP's domain, and I 
am pretty astounded. 
To keep track of this issue Melee's Indexing Coverage Analysis (MICA) 
examines the relative page coverage for a select group of search 
engines. Each week, Melee Productions will retest the engines 
on the list and publish an update to the MICA Report. They 
will be happy to test any publicly accessible search engine that 
supports date-range and host/domain constraints, and purports to 
index at least one fifth of the "web". 
Stay tooned for further developments!!! 
John Pike 
Director, Space Policy Project 
Federation of American Scientists 
307 Massachusetts Ave. NE 
Washington, DC 20002 
V 202-675-1023,   F 202-675-1024, 
11.  Call for Papers and Projects  -  Gender and Knowledge 
---------- Forwarded message ---------- 
Date: Thu, 12 Feb 1998 09:33:25 -0500 
From: Greg Stocke <stocke[at]> 
To: Multiple recipients of list H-GRAD <H-GRAD[at]> 
Subject: CFP: Gender & Knowledge 
From: Barbara Cutter <bcutter[at]> 
Call for Papers and Projects 
The Institute for Research on Women at Rutgers University invites 
submissions for its Fourth Annual Graduate Student Conference 
                 --- Gender and Knowledge --- 
April 3, 1998 
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 
The production, acquisition and legitimation of knowledge are gendered 
processes. This interdisciplinary graduate student conference seeks to 
explore, from multiple perspectives, the ways in which gender and 
knowledge are mutually constitutive. 
How is knowledge gendered--what is the role of gender in defining 
what is known and how we know?  How do we learn about gender and 
sexuality?  Do men and women acquire knowledge differently?  How are 
academic disciplines created, and who creates them?  How do we 
reproduce and legitimate knowledge?  What types of knowledge are 
produced in various arenas?  How is gender implicated in the 
transmission, advancement and reinvention of knowledge?  What 
constitutes cultural knowledge?  How do we change knowledge? 
We seek papers and creative projects that touch on themes relating 
to gender and knowledge.  Additional focuses may include: 
Gendered learning and teaching 
Cultural knowledge and representation 
Formation of identity and subjectivity 
Cyberknowledge; "new" knowledges 
Knowledge production 
Libraries as gendered sites of knowledge 
Technology as a vehicle for knowing 
Sexuality as gendered knowledge 
Gender, knowledge and power 
Submission Guidelines: 
Abstracts due March 2, 1998 
Individual paper abstracts, panel proposals and other program 
suggestions are invited. 
Please include name, departmental and institutional affiliation, 
address, phone number and email address. 
Paper or Panel Proposals:  send three copies of a one-page abstract 
detailing the proposed project.  Include paper or session title, names, 
phone numbers, addresses and email addresses of all participants.  If 
possible, please email additional copy to jnelson234[at] 
(Completed papers should be 8-12 pages in length.) 
Creative projects: send three copies of a one-page abstract describing 
the project as well as any slides, audio tapes or other appropriate 
media.  We cannot guarantee return of these materials. 
If you have questions, feel free to contact Jennifer Brier 
(jbrier[at] or Barbara Cutter (bcutter[at] 
Send all proposals to: 
Graduate Student Conference 
Institute for Research on Women 
27 Clifton Avenue 
Rutgers University 
New Brunswick, NJ  08903 
"Observation and Measurement in Evaluating Digital Libraries" 
Paul B. Kantor from SCILS, Rutgers, the State University 
This lecture is available as a RealAudio broadcast. 
You will need the RealPlayer 5.0 to view and listen 
to the lecture. 
Most of the problems of evaluating digital 
libraries have clear counterparts in the evaluation of 
traditional libraries, which therefore provides a 
good foundation for dealing with digital libraries. 
The key issues to be dealt with include: 
1. reducing complex experiences to comparable mathematical objects 
2. identifying the range of stakeholders for an evaluation 
3. developing a basket of scenarios and/or tasks and 
4. mapping observations and measurements into 
concrete time-limited management decisions. 
We will discuss these issues in a general economic framework, 
and illustrate the approach by reducing a number of scenarios 
to elementary measures. The notion of "dominance" and of the 
"efficient frontier" will be explored. We will concentrate 
on applying these concepts to evaluation of the digital 
library in its interaction with the human user. 
13.    CIA-Coke Report Online 
     The recently released CIA Coke Contra report is online [at] 
                              * * * 
     John Pike 
     Federation of American Scientists 
     Space Policy Project      
     Public Eye                
     Intelligence Resources    
     Indeed I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is 
     just. -- Jefferson 
14.    January/February 1998 Intellectual Freedom Action News 
January/February 1998 Intellectual Freedom Action News is online at 
Don Wood 
American Library Association 
Office for Intellectual Freedom 
50 East Huron Street 
Chicago, IL 60611 
Office: 800-545-2433, ext. 4225 
Fax: 312-280-4227 
E-Mail: dwood[at] 
15.  Links on Country of Ireland 
-Hello Folks, 
For anyone out there who may be interested in Internet 
links for the country of Ireland, I have created a web site at the 
following URL: 
I've included several links to RTE's news broadcasts in real audio 
to cover the peace process now going on in Northern Ireland. 
Patrick O'Halloran 
  Patrick J. O'Halloran 
  SJSU SLIS Program at CSU Fullerton 
  Home Page: 
16. Hawaiian Independance and Cultural Liberation  -  several links 
ALOHA friends of Hawai'i 
   The following links will take you to some outstanding and inspiring 
resources here on the WWWeb related to Hawaiian Independance and 
cultural liberation. 
Check out the Aloha March to Wash. D.C. in Aug. 1998 
And for a comprehensive list of books and other resource materials: 
 Be sure to read the Writ of Mandamus currently pending in the 
      Please pass these LIBERATION LINKS along! 
         In Strength & Solidarity 
 "The world is now too dangerous for anything less than 
Utopia."=-=-=-=-=Buckminster Fuller=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= 
 "People travel to wonder at the height of mountains,at the huge waves of 
the sea, at the vast compass of the ocean... and they pass by themselves 
without wondering." St.Augustine 
This was Library Juice No. 5.      Hope you enjoyed it! 
Thanks go out to Sam Trosow and Dinah Sanders for their contributions. 
Email me to unsubscribe, to send items for inclusion or to tell me what you 
   Rory Litwin                mailto:rlitwin[at] 
   PO Box 720511              phone: (408) 286-6409 
   San Jose, CA  95172 

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Date: Thursday, October 29, 1998 12:14 PM