Library Juice 2:43 - November 10, 1999


1. Freedom of Information?  The Internet as Harbinger of the New Dark Ages
2. Encyclopedia Britannica
3. usgovsearch free edition
4. BCLA opposes re-opening of investment talks at WTO in Seattle
5. N30: Global Day of Action in November 30
6. Escape From America Newsletter
7. WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources
8. Buy Nothing Day  -  November 26/27
9. Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions
10. Computer Use and Ownership (U.S. Census Bureau)
11. New List: E-collections
12. A note from the server side of Library Juice
(Looking for "Martain Luther King Jr.?")

13. The _Annotated_ Grateful Dead Lyrics: a Web Site
14. Monk, Thelonious - 1917-1982
15. Umberto Eco tells "How to organize a public library"
16. An apology and a notice

Quote for the week:

"...I would venture the opinion that the traditional civil libertarian
opposition to the banning of books from school libraries and from school
curricula is now largely irrelevent.  Such acts of censorship are annoying,
of course, and must be opposed.  But they are trivial.  Even worse, they
are distracting, in that they divert civil libertarians from confronting
those questions that have to do with the claims of new technology."

-Neil Postman, _Amusing Ourselves to Death_, Viking-Penguin, Inc., 1985

Homepage of the week: Paula Edmiston, mesoelectronic hunter-gatherer


1. Freedom of Information?  The Internet as Harbinger of the New Dark Ages

To: librarians[at]
Subject: Freedom of Information?  The Internet as Harbinger of the
New Dark Ages
Date: Wed, 3 Nov 1999 23:33:16 +0000

This is the title of a very interesting article from the online magazine
"First Monday".  The author points out how governments and corporations are
struggling against FOI, and how the Internet and developing legal concepts
with regards to information are assisting in this, appearances
notwithstanding.  It's a challenging read, at least:

It may be necessary to register (for free) to get access to the current
issue and the archive, in which case go first of all to
It is quite worth being signed up for, as although it's basically an
academic journal on Internet-related issues there's usually at least one
article per issue coming from a radical perspective.


2. Encyclopedia Britannica

The Encyclopedia Britannica site now appears
to be fully accessible as anticipated, with
its encyclopedia completely and freely
searchable online along with its Britannica
Internet guide.

ResPool Listowner
From ResPool -

3. usgovsearch free edition

Originally unveiled and subsequently much-maligned as a
pay-for-access service provided by a partnership between Northern
Light and the US Government, usgovsearch quickly lost its larger
partner. Northern Light continued with the service nonetheless and
recently came out with a free public access version of the search
engine, which was originally designed for public libraries and public
schools only. While the full edition of usgovsearch still requires a
subscription, the public access version indexes millions of pages
from US government and military sites. Users can search by keyword;
by date range, agency, and subject in a power search; or by specific
agency. The sheer size of the Northern Light database makes this
search engine a useful resource for users seeking US government
information. A sample search for "Medicare," for example, produced
over 31,000 returns. The same search in Google's Uncle Sam (see the
June 4, 1999 _Scout Report_) produced 8,500 hits, though the list was
topped by the official US Government site on Medicare as opposed to
the site of the Health Care Financing Administration in usgovsearch.
Rather than choosing one over the other, the Scout Report recommends
using both these engines in conjunction when searching for government
information. [MD]

> From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1999.

4. BCLA opposes re-opening of investment talks at WTO in Seattle


October 28, 1999


The BC Library Association (BCLA) has expressed its opposition to the
introduction of MAI-like investment negotiations at the World Trade
Organization (WTO) ministerial conference taking place in Seattle this

In its 1998 resolution opposing the Multilateral Agreement on Investment
(MAI), BCLA stated that "the MAI could threaten existing public services
such as libraries, public education, and public health through foreign
companies demanding 'equal treatment' and therefore subsidies similar to
those allocated to the public sector."  BCLA went on to urge "the
Government of Canada [to] cease its support for such an agreement and
withdraw from any further negotiations immediately."

The MAI was abandoned in 1998 after France's withdrawal last year from the
OECD investment negotiations.  With the so-called "Millennium Round" of
talks proposed for the WTO conference this November, there could be a
resurrection of an MAI-like agreement, which would be binding for all 134
WTO member countries, including Canada.

Libraries have much to fear from investment treaties like the MAI which
strive to create a "level playing field" for corporations, granted them
all of the benefits and none of the responsibilities of trade

"The worst case scenario is that publicly-funded libraries in Canada could
disappear.  Free and equitable access to information, a concept integral
to public library service, could be replaced by competitive 'information
enterprises.'  Information could become affordable to only the richest in
our society," states Sybil Harrison, President of BCLA

In addition to the revival of the MAI, other issues slated to be on the
table at the WTO could have an impact on libraries and library service.
These include government procurement, intellectual property rights, and
the deregulation of services (GATS).

BCLA encourages its members and the public to stay informed about these
developments and their potential impact on our libraries and our society.
Watch for displays in your local library this fall for more information
about the WTO and the threat posed by the MAI and other such treaties.

For more information contact :

Sylvia Crooks, BCLA Information Policy Committee  822-3359
Michael Burris, BCLA Executive Director


5. N30: Global Day of Action in November 30


The PGA, at its second world conference in Bangalore, India, called for
November 30 to be an Global Day of Action.  Organisations and movements
from dozens of countries enthusiastically endorsed this decentralised
action and pledged to organise local events in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal,
U.K., Germany, Argentina, Switzerland, Spain, Colombia, etc.

Although most of the actions are being planned for that date, there are
also groups that are responding to the call but staging their N30 actions
in other dates. For instance, in India the National Alliance of Peoples'
Movements has given a call for actions spread over a longer period, from
November 21st (international day of action of fisherfolk) to December 3rd
(anniversary of the Union Carbide disaster in Bhopal). These actions - mass
protests, educative programmes, delegations to the authorities, etc. -will
focus attention on the impacts of globalisation, including the WTO, its
policies and agreements, on various sectors of the population (fisherfolk,
forest produce gatherers and other tribals, women, farmers, industrial and
agricultural labour, etc.), reflected through the struggles such as
opposition to Narmada dams, the struggle against foreign fishing vessels,
displacement due to infrastructure development and mega-cities, and others.
(Contact Mahendra at <mahendras1[at]>, tel +91-22-557 4895 for more

Similarly, there will be a big demonstration in Geneva (where the
headquarters of the WTO are based) on the 27th, since this date, being a
Saturday, is more appropriate for the large number of organisations which
are calling it (contact red-red2[at] for more information).

Below you find an edited summary of the call for action prepared by the
November 30 Global Day of Action Collective.

A Global Day of Action, Resistance and Carnival Against the Global
Capitalist System
Laugh in the Face of the Global Economy!!

Activists from diverse groups and movements around the world are
discussing, networking and organising for an INTERNATIONAL DAY OF ACTION on
November 30th. On this day, ministers of 134 governments will be in Seattle
for the 3rd conference of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), at which they
will decide on new policies that will further escalate the exploitation of
our planet and its people by the global capitalist system. The 'key
players' (the Northern governments, especially those of the USA and the
European Union) want to push through a new version of the Multilateral
Agreement on Investment (MAI), expand the agreements that grant
agrochemical and biotechnological TNCs new domination rights over the
agriculture and the food systems of the whole world, strengthen
intellectual property rights and patents on life, and further capitalist
globalisation through a new round of free trade talks.

A coalition of radical activists has formed in Seattle to stage actions
against the conference, and activist groups around the world are planning
to converge on the city. Also, the international network Peoples' Global
Action against 'Free' Trade and the WTO (PGA) and the IWW (International
Workers of the World) are planning ACTIONS around the world. Various
grassroots groups prepare to take action in their own parts of the world in
recognition that the CAPITALIST SYSTEM, based on the exploitation of
people, societies and the environment for the profit of a few, is the PRIME

In view of these developments, we now call for SYMPATHETIC COMMUNITIES,
GRASSROOTS GROUPS, AND INDIVIDUALS around the world to organise their OWN
AUTONOMOUS ACTIONS, protests, and carnivals in solidarity against the
capitalist system on November 30th. Our simultaneous TRANSFORMATION OF THE
CAPITALIST SOCIAL ORDER around the world - in the streets, neighbourhoods,
fields, factories, offices, commercial centres, financial districts, and so
on - will contribute to the process of bringing separate struggles together
based on co-operation, ecological sustainability, and grassroots democracy.

This call is made in the spirit of continuing the process of building a
strong, bold and CREATIVE GRASSROOTS MOVEMENT against the economic and
political institutions of capitalism. For as we realise that no issue is
isolated, be it the exploitation of workers, the bankruptcy of peasant
farmers, the displacement of indigenous peoples by "development" programmes
or the destruction of our environment, we also realise that we must act
together and UNITE OUR STRUGGLES AGAINST the social, political, and
economic institutions of THE CAPITALIST SYSTEM. Only a strong and united
movement of grassroots groups based on mutual respect and solidarity, who
struggle independent of these institutions and seek to effect change
directly through their own autonomous action can dissolve their power and
BUILD A BETTER SOCIAL ORDER based on grassroots organisation.

The actions on the 30 of November will BRING DIFFERENT MOVEMENTS TOGETHER
in solidarity with one another and strengthen the mutual bonds of otherwise
disparate groups - workers, the unemployed, students, trade unionists,
peasants, the landless, fishers, women's groups, ethnic minorities,
indigenous peoples, peace activists, environmental activists, ecologists,
and others. This process will be continued through FURTHER GLOBAL DAYS OF
ACTION IN THE FUTURE - MAYDAY 2000, for instance, has been pointed out as a
perfect symbolic and real opportunity to escalate our resistance.

The PRESENT PROPOSAL of a November 30th global day of action FOLLOWS from
the success of the co-ordinated global day of action on JUNE 18TH this
year, and is intended to expand on it in the same spirit. On that day,
separate grassroots movements in over 30 countries on all continents worked
saw for instance marches by workers in Bangladesh and Pakistan; a fake
trade fair by Uruguayan activists; thousands of people in a carnival in
London's financial district; occupations and street parties in Spain,
Italy, USA, and Canada; ten thousand people in Nigeria protesting the oil
industry and imperialism; and, in Melbourne, a prominent politician hit
with a cream pie and a logging multinational blockaded with dead wombats.
(For more information, see

The November 30th global day of action would be organised in a
non-hierarchical way, as a DECENTRALISED AND INFORMAL NETWORK of autonomous
groups that struggle in solidarity and co-operation employing
non-authoritarian, grassroots democratic forms of organisation.

Your INITIATIVE AND PARTICIPATION, no matter how small, are crucial to the
success of the November 30th day of action in your location. If your group
or organisation plans an action on November 30th, please let others know as
soon as possible, to FACILITATE NETWORKING and communication, as well as
International media efforts. Please send your contact information to:
n30contacts[at] to be included in an international contacts list.
The more detailed information you send (land address, phone number, fax
number, email) the better, but, for your own security, do not include any
contact information that you prefer not to be made public.

encourage all groups and individuals who plan to take action to subscribe
to suitable mailing lists, and in general make efforts to STAY IN TOUCH
through this and other means. There is a list of available mailing lists in
the appendix below.

Please FORWARD THIS PROPOSAL to appropriate lists and to people who will be
interested, reproduce it and circulate, put it on a web site, and most
importantly, ACT.

N30 c/o IWW, 5215 Ballard NW, Seattle, WA. 98107, (+1 - 206) 706-6250,


I. Mailing lists

THE NOVEMBER 30 DISCUSSION LIST: This list allows for participants around
the globe to co-ordinate and discuss the November 30th global day of
action. Subscribers will receive information and updates about the N30
preparations around the world. To subscribe, go to:

THE NO2WTO DISCUSSION LIST: This discussion list has been set up to
generate and co-ordinate networking among people interested in radical
mobilisation in Seattle for WTO (as in contrast to the generally reformist
tendencies of the general Seattle coalition). Subscribe and unsubscribe
directly from:

II. References

NOVEMBER 30 DAY OF ACTION WEB SITE The November 30th website will contain
information and updates about the November 30th preparations around the
world, a regularly updated list of participating groups around the world,
announcements of language specific mailing lists, WTO info, etc:

N30 Website
N30 call by IWW
N30 Seattle Walkout
N30 Seattle Direct Action Network
JUNE 18th global day of action: and
Peoples Global Action against 'Free' Trade and the WTO (PGA):

6. Escape From America Newsletter

How would you like to homestead free beach front land on the Mosquito
Coast? Want to invest in real estate in Budapest?  Want to find a job in
Brasil, Paris, Tokyo?  Want to fly to Cuba?  Invest offshore? Find a
deserted island? Get free of big brother? Buy a farm in Venezuela?  We can
tell you how ...and we will.

There is no fee for our magazine. It is sent by email and can be
subscribed to online. All articles are posted on our website and are
viewed free to anyone who visits our website.  It can be seen at: and subscribed to at:

Our journal is for anyone who wants to begin living their
life. I am the editor


Roger Gallo
Email: editor[at]

From NewJour -

7. WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources

Dear Webmaster:

For possible use in Library juice, I would like to notify you of the new
URL for the WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources, now with
over 1400 annotated links in many areas of international affairs. It is
frequently maintained,and should be of use to journalists, researchers,
professors, and students, among others. It has received recommendations
from several Internet academic organizations, including CHOICE Magazine,
Internet Scout, and the Argus Clearinghouse.
The new address of the site is:

Please announce its availability to your associates who may be interested.
We would appreciate a link from your site, if appropriate.

   Thank you.
 Wayne Selcher

8. Buy Nothing Day  -  November 26/27

The Next International Buy Nothing Day will be celebrated
on Friday November 26 / Saturday November 27.

It will be a day of cheerfull actions about consumption,
environment, human rights, fair sharing and sustainable
development. Participate in this world-wide protest-day against
western over-consumption!

   For more information:

1. Have a look at (partly in English).

2. To receive a more extensive message, send this two-line
   message to <Majordomo[at]>:

       info bnd-list

3. Or subscribe to the International Buy Nothing Day Mailing List
   for more ideas, information and inspiration.
   To subscribe send this two-line message to <Majordomo[at]>:

       subscribe bnd-list

9. Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions

Compiled by Ohio University Professor Emeritus of History James
Chastain, this online encyclopedia contains a large number of
articles written by scholars from around the world on topics related
to the "Springtime of the Peoples," the popular revolutions that
spread across Europe in 1848. Users can browse the encyclopedia by
alphabetical entry or by contributor, although the latter is not
currently available. Typical entries contain one lengthy or several
smaller paragraphs and a bibliography. The site also includes an
introduction by Chastain which discusses the study of 1848 and the
Encyclopedia's contents. Both scholars and students studying
nineteenth-century Europe will find this site a handy reference
resource. [MD]

> From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1999.

10. Computer Use and Ownership (U.S. Census Bureau)

          This site presents computer use data collected in October
          of 1984, 1989, 1993, and 1997, as a supplement to the
          Current Population Survey (CPS). The 1997 survey also
          included questions on Internet Use. The reports and
          detailed tables examine the characteristics of users,
          including gender and age groups, and the nature of the
          tasks being performed. Most documents are in PDF
          format. - es
          Subjects: computer - statistics | internet - statistics | census

Librarians' Index to the Internet

11. New List: E-collections

Apologies for cross-posting, but please forward as appropriate


A new mailbase list especially for those involved in developing electronic
collections of information. Whether you are an archivist, a librarian, a
museums  professional, or some other type of educational service provider
please join and share experiences/information about ongoing e-collection
development activities.

Topics include collection development strategies,
dentifying/assessing/acquiring content, collaborative collecting at
local/regional/national levels, and other topical aspects of electronic
collection management.

To join, please send a message to:


Which says:

join e-collections Your Name

[Note - please replace 'Your' with your first name and 'Name' with your
last name].

You will then receive a confirmation message from mailbase.  Just cut the
code it sends you out of this message, and email it back to mailbase to
confirm that your address has been recorded correctly.

For additional information about this new list, please contact:

Stuart Lee stuart.lee[at]
Alicia Wise alicia.wise[at]

We'll look forward to hearing from you!


Alicia Wise
JISC Collections Manager

Joint Information Systems Committee
JCEI Coordination Office
Information Services and Systems
King's College London
London WC2R 2LS

(0171) 848 2556



12. A note from the server side of Library Juice

First, a note to web searchers who arrived here by searching for
"Martain Luther King, Jr.," spelled as written there, Martain.  The
name is spelled Martin, without a second A.  You'll have a more
successful search using the correct spelling.

Issue 2:2 of Library Juice has an item about Martin Luther King, Jr.,
and also an item containing email from someone with the last name
"Martain."  This page gets hit every couple of days by someone
searching for "Martain Luther King Jr.'s I Had a Dream Speech" using
the Google search engine.  That seems like an awful lot of people
spelling the name wrong, but it really isn't.  It's a common enough
thing to seach for, and in the search results (using the wrong
spelling), my page was coming up first, so it's been getting hit each
time.  Out of many thousands of searches for Martin Luther King each
day, I get a hit on the misspelling every so often.  That seems
statistically to be expected.  But interesting.

How did I find out about this?  Through the magic of log files.  Log
files are very useful.  If you are a library student and your school
gives you a home page, ask for access to your log files, or install a
cgi program which makes log files.  On I have access to logs
supplied by the web hosting company I use as well as logs generated
by the AXS program from Fluid Dynamics, which I installed on the
server myself.  I check those AXS logs daily.  Some people I know use
services residing on other websites to log visits to their sites.  I
chose to install my own so that I would have more control over the
file (and more privacy). A typical AXS log entry looks like this:


A visitor from ( was
logged once, starting at 1:33:21 PM on Tuesday, October 12, 1999.
The initial browser was Mozilla/4.04 (Macintosh; I; PPC, Nav).

  This visitor first arrived from
    and visited


The first line gives the host name and IP address of the visitor.
The host name (which is not always present in a log entry, because
not all computers have host names) indicates that the visiting
computer is part of a K-12 school district in Chico, California.  The
next line gives the date and time of the visit.  Since most servers,
including the one resides on, don't have their clocks set
correctly, and you don't always know what time zone they're in
anyway, the time isn't trustworthy, except as a relative gauge.  The
date is more or less correct.  On the third line, "Mozilla" just
means Netscape or a Netscape-like browser.  (Sometimes MS Internet
Explorer also calls itself Mozilla when it visits.  "Mozilla" is a
big, powerful Mosaic browser, i.e. Netscape's original improvement.)

The next lines are the most interesting, because they tell you the
URL from which a person followed a link to your page and what page
they visited.  In many search engines, you may have noticed, your
search is encoded into the URL.  This is very useful in a log file,
because it can help you to analyze people's search patterns and learn
how people are finding your pages.  You can use this information to
refine your meta tags so that people will find you more accurately.
It is also good simply for getting a better idea of what the average
web user is doing.  I get many irrelevant hits to my pages, many of
which I can't explain.  For example, the following:


A visitor from  ( was logged once,
starting at 1:46:24 PM on Tuesday, October 19, 1999.
The initial browser was Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 4.01; MSN 2.5;
Windows 98).

  This visitor first arrived from
    and visited


I don't know how this search turned up Library Juice 1:8 (though I'll
admit I didn't check and see what that issue contains.)  It might have
had the words "gay," "free," "time," "stories," and "sex," or any
combination of those.  Most hits are either relevant or partially
relevant, however.  And most irrelevant hits came for an obvious
reason.  For example:


A visitor from ( was logged once,
starting at 11:21:04 PM on Monday, October 11, 1999.
The initial browser was Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.0; Windows
NT; DigExt).

  This visitor first arrived from
    and visited


Google ranks results based on the number of links to a site.  Library
Juice ranks very highly by their methods (try searching Google for
"Juice") so this search by someone worried about their pickle juice
habit found me.  Library Juice 1:36 may also have the word "harmful"
in it or maybe even "pickle."

Not all hits are from search engines, of course.  The URL providing
the link to one of your pages is called a "referrer."  One of the
things that I find most useful about my logs is the ability to see
who is linking to me.  I often learn about brand new pages that
interest me when the author is testing his or her links, and one of
them is to a page somewhere on  I find a lot of the Library
Juice home pages of the week in this way, and find out about people
doing things in my area of interest.  I also find useful resource
compendia this way.

Another thing that is useful about logs is the ability to see, in
many cases, who is visiting your site and what they are looking at.
Well, it's rare that you can tell exactly who someone is by their log
entry, but occassionally their host name will include the computer
users name if it is a static IP address (for instance, often a DSL
line will give the user and address that contains their name), and
sometimes you can piece together the person's identity by the company
or institution identified in the host name and the pages visited.
There is a computer owned by Goldman-Sachs, the financial firm, that
visits my the gallery page on my personal website at least once a
day.  I have no idea who that is, but I suspect it is a software
program designed to track changes to a site.

In general, log files can give you a view of the web from the inside,
that is from the server side, and this an important perspective on the
information landscape.  Log files don't involve leaving "cookies" on a
visitor's computer, and only show you the information that their
computers give you "voluntarily."  If you have access to the server,
this is your information.  However, many people open their log files
to public access.  If you ever see one of those little symbols on a
web page that looks like a tiny graph, a blue box with a jagged red
line in it, that is a link to the remote log for the website you are
visiting.  If you click on it you may be able to see the most recent
referrers to that site.  People who have websites on geocities or
other free servers, who don't have access to their server logs or
cgi-bins, often use these remote services.

And that is a peek at the inside of the web via Library Juice.

13. The _Annotated_ Grateful Dead Lyrics: a Web Site

Forgotten the third verse of "Eyes of the World?" Wondering just what
Jerry mumbled after "Eight sided whispering hallelujah hatrack" on
your copy of "The Eleven?" from Las Vegas in 1968? Or would you like
to know what Robert Hunter meant by the "the transitive nightfall of
diamonds?" Look no further than this site, created and maintained by
David Dodd, Branch Manager of the Civic Center Branch of the Marin
County Free Library, and co-author of _The Grateful Dead and the
Deadheads: An Annotated Bibliography_. Clearly a labor of love, the
site offers the full text of songs by Robert Hunter and John Perry
Barlow, the Dead's principal lyricists, accompanied by footnotes and
possible explanations of various passages by Dodd and others. In
addition, the site includes discographies, bibliographies, and
thematic essays. Grateful Dead enthusiasts and tape collectors will
undoubtedly enjoy this site. [MD]

> From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1999.

14. Monk, Thelonious - 1917-1982

          Devoted to the life and work of the remarkable jazz piano
          master, bandleader, and composer, the Thelonious Monk
          Website provides a wealth of information and interesting
          links. Includes discographies with reproductions of the
          original album sleeves, photo galleries, bibliographies, and
          the full text of many reviews and articles, including Time
          magazine's 1964 cover feature. Searchable. - jg
          Subjects: people | jazz

Librarians' Index to the Internet


"How to organize a public library."  From How to travel with a salmon
and other essays, by Umberto Eco.

1.  The various catalogues must be housed as far apart as possible from
one another.  All care must be taken to separate the catalogue of books
from that of periodicals, and these two from the catalogue by subject;
similarly, the recent acquisitions must be kept well away from older
collections.  If possible, the spelling in the two catalogues (recent
acquisitions and older collections) must be different.  In the recent
acquisitions, for example, "pajama" should be spelled with an "a", in
the older, "pyjama" with a "y".  "Chaikovskii" in recent acquisitions
will follow the Library of Congress system; in the older catalogue the
name will be spelled in the old-fashioned way, with "Tch".

2.  The subjects must be determined by the librarian.  On their
copyright pages the books must bear no indication of the subjects under
which they are to be listed.

3.  Call numbers should be impossible to decipher and, if possible, very
complex, so that anyone filling out a call slip will never have room to
include the last line of numbers and will assume they are irrelevant.
Then the desk attendant will hand the slip back to him with the
admonition to fill it out properly.

4.  The time between request and delivery must be as long as possible.

5.  Only one book should be released at a time.

6.  The books distributed by the attendant after the request form has
been properly submitted cannot be taken into the reference room, so the
scholars must divide their working life into two fundamental aspects:
reading on the one hand, and reference consultation on the other.  The
library must discourage, as conducive to strabismus, any crossover
tendencies or attempts at the simultaneous reading of several books.

7.  Insofar as possible, no photocopier should be available; if such a
machine does exist, access to it must be made very time-consuming and
toilsome, fees should be higher than those in any neighborhood copy
shop, and the maximum number of copied pages permitted should not exceed
two or three.

8.  The librarian must consider the reader an enemy, a waster of time
(otherwise he or she would be at work), and a potential thief.

9.  The reference librarian's office must be impregnable.

10. Loans must be discouraged.

11. Interlibrary loans must be impossible or, at best, must require
months.  The ideal course, in any event, is to ensure the impossibility
of discovering the contents of other libraries.

12. Given this policy, theft must be very easy.

13. Opening hours must coincide precisely with local office hours,
determined by foresighted discussion with trade union officials and the
Chamber of Commerce; total closing on Saturday, Sunday, evenings and
mealtimes goes without saying.  The library's worst enemy is the
employed student; its best friend is Thomas Jefferson, someone who has a
large personal library and therefore no need to visit the public library
(to which he may nevertheless bequeath his books at his death).

14. It must be impossible to find any refreshment inside the library,
under any circumstances; and it must also be impossible to leave the
library to seek sustenance elsewhere without first returning all books
in use, so that, after having a cup of coffee, the student must fill out
requests for them again.

15. It must be impossible on a given day to find the book one had been
using the day before.

16. It must be impossible to learn who has a book that is currently on

17. If possible, no restrooms.

18. Ideally, the reader should be unable to enter the library.  If he
does actually enter, exploiting with tedious insistence a right, granted
on the basis of the principles of 1789, that has nevertheless not been
assimilated by the collective sensibilty, he must never ever -- with the
exception of rapid visits to the reference shelves -- be allowed access
to the sanctum of the stacks.

16. An apology and a notice

Last week, I published an email conversation about Steve Coffman's
"Earth's Largest Library" idea that took place on GAY-LIBN.  I was
happy to publish it, because it was the only discussion out there
(that I was privy to) that actually took the form of a debate.  It
was very interesting, and, owing to the spirit of that list, also had
moments of fun.  I published this conversation in the way I usually
have, without asking participants for their permission to be
republished, under the assumption that the conversation was already
public, since it was on a publically accessible list.  This was a
serious mistake, as I learned from the subsequent reaction on
GAY-LIBN. List members were shocked and offended that their
conversation had been republished.  Far from public, they regard
their list space as private and safe.  In republishing list-members'
email without prior permission I was jeopardizing their privacy.  I
should have considered this and asked prior permission from the
people whose email I used, and I want to apologize in this forum to
the people whom I have upset or offended.  In the future I plan to
seek prior permission before I republish contributions to listserv

Seeking permission in the future is a simple adjustment.  A thornier
issue for me is what to do about the archives.  They contain quite a
few listserv conversations from LIBREF-L, the ALA Council list,
PUBLIB, and others.  In many cases contributors are aware that they
have been republished in Library Juice.  No one had complained before
last week, and people have been generally pleased to find themselves
republished.  However, this is no guarantee that everyone whose words
appear in back issues of Library Juice would be happy if they found
out about it.  It wouldn't be practical to go through all my back
issues to ask for retrospective permission from all contributors.
So, I am torn between potentially risking an unwanted exposure and
taking down the archives, which I believe are otherwise valuable.

I have consulted a lawyer about the copyright issues, and have
learned that I am not really affected by copyright law in this
situation, mainly because I am happy to respond to anyone's request
to have their words removed from the archives.  The ethical issue is
more important to me than the legal issue.  I would be happy to hear
subscribers' thoughts about this question.  Write me at rory[at]


Rory Litwin

  L I B R A R Y   J U I C E

| Library Juice is supported by a voluntary subscription
| fee of $10 per year, variable based on ability and
| desire to pay.  You may send a check payable in US funds
| to Rory Litwin, at PO Box 720511, San Jose, CA  95172
| Original material and added value in Library Juice    
| is copyright-free; beyond that the publisher makes
| no guarantees.  Library Juice is a free weekly 
| publication edited and published by Rory Litwin. 
| Original senders are credited wherever possible;
| opinions are theirs.  If you are the author of some
| email in Library Juice which you want removed from
| the web, please write to me and I will remove it.
| Your comments and suggestions are welcome.   
| Juice[at]

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