Library Juice 3:19 - May 17, 2000


1. Sanford Berman Bibliography and Websites
2. James and Matthew's Library Underground
3. Subject Index to Literature on Electronic Sources of Information
4. ALA Intellectual Freedom Policies and the First Amendment
5. Award for best LIBRI student paper
6. Academic Exchange Quarterly call for papers
7. Information for Social Change Call for papers
8. All That JAS: Journal Abbreviation Sources
9. IFLA/FAIFE report of the Kosova Libraries Mission
10. Mark Rosenzweig on ALA's Investments
11. Baum, L. Frank
12. Oxford University Press (OUP) Reading Room
13. MagPortal
14. 1stHeadlines-News
15. Chamber's Book of Days
16. Taking Action for Peace
17. Fun Facts About US Human Rights Abuses

Quote for the week:

"We have a situation, therefore, where, in general terms, one third of
the population is middle class and yet this class makes up two thirds of
library users; conversely, two thirds of the population are working class,
but this class makes up only one third of library users."

John Pateman, in "Public libraries, social exclusion and social class,"
_Information for Social Change_ #10, Winter, 1999-2000

Home page of the week: Laura Reiner


1. Sanford Berman Bibliography and Websites


2. James and Matthew's Library Underground



The May 1, 2000 edition of the "Subject Index to Literature on
Electronic Sources of Information"  is available at:

The page-specific "Subject Index to Literature on Electronic Sources of
Information" and the accompanying "Electronic Sources of Information: A
Bibliography" (listing all indexed items) deal with all aspects of
electronic publishing and include print and non-print materials,
periodical articles, monographs and individual chapters in collected
works. This edition includes 1,239 titles. Both the Index and the
Bibliography are continuously updated.

Introduction, which includes sample search and instructions how to use the
Subject Index and the Bibliography, is located at:

This message has been crossposted to several mailing lists. Please excuse
any duplication.

*Marian Dworaczek                               *
*Head, Acquisitions Department                  *
*and Head, Technical Services Division          *
*University of Saskatchewan Libraries           *
*E-mail:  dworaczek[at]              *
*Phone: (306) 966-6016                          *
*Fax: (306) 966-5919                            *
*Home Page:   *

4. ALA Intellectual Freedom Policies and the First Amendment

Date: Wed, 12 Apr 2000 15:10:01 -0500
From: "Don Wood" <dwood[at]>
Subject: [IFACTION:805] ALA Intellectual Freedom Policies and the First Amendment
To: Intellectual Freedom Action News <ifaction[at]>

ALA Intellectual Freedom Policies and the First Amendment

>From time to time, the Freedom to Read Foundation receives questions
regarding the relationship of the ALA intellectual freedom policies to
the First Amendment. People often want to know whether or not ALA*s
policies go beyond the First Amendment.

This article, which answers these questions, first appeared in Volume
19, No. 1 / 1994, Freedom to Read Foundation News.  It was written by
by Bruce J. Ennis, General Counsel, Freedom to Read Foundation.


Don Wood
American Library Association
Office for Intellectual Freedom
50 East Huron Street
Chicago, IL 60611
800-545-2433, ext. 4225
Fax: 312-280-4227

5. Award for best LIBRI student paper

K. G. Saur Verlag
Munich, Germany

announces the 2000 annual award for

Best LIBRI Student Paper

Since 1950, through 50 volumes, LIBRI International Journal of
Libraries and Information Services has been a leader among scholarly
journals in the international library world. As part of its strategy
to remain one of the premier library journals, LIBRI is issuing a
call for "Best Student Paper of 2000." This competition supports
LIBRI's goal of publishing the best articles from the next generation
of library and information science professionals. We are proud once
again to recognize the very best article with this special award.

Students at all levels* are invited to submit articles with clarity
and authority. For 2000, there is no stated theme. Research papers
should address one of the significant issues facing today's
librarians and information professionals.  Case studies, best
practices, and pure research papers are all welcome.

Length: approx. 5000 words
Language: English
Deadline: May 31, 2000

The best paper will be selected by a panel consisting of the members
of the Editorial Board, the Advisory Board, and other international
experts. The paper will be judged on the basis of

* originality of thought and observation
* depth of research and scholarship
* topicality of problems addressed
* the international readership of the journal

The article will be published in the 2000:3 issue. The author of the
winning article will be honoured with an award of 500.00 USD and with
a complementary subscription to LIBRI for 2001. If the quality of
competition warrants, some papers may be designated as honourable
mention and the authors will receive complementary subscriptions to
Libri for 2001.

Manuscripts should be sent to the LIBRI Editorial Office,
Statsbiblioteket, Universitetsparken, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.

* Exception: Senior information scholars returning to school for
additional degrees outside the field of library and information
science are not eligible for this award.

15 October 1999

6. Academic Exchange Quarterly call for papers

Date:    Thu, 11 May 2000 10:13:24 -0400
From:    librefed <librefed[at]>
Subject: Academic Exchange Quarterly
MIME-Version: 1.0

>===== Original Message From "T. G. McFadden" <mcfaddet[at]> =====


I am editing an issue of AEQ on information literacy.  I should like to
have papers by librarians and/or other faculty members on this topic,
according to the manuscript guidelines descibed on the AEQ website.  If you
have a (short) paper just burning to get out, take a look.  If you have a
friend who might want to contribute something, please let him/her know.

Here's how to find out about the topic and the process:

1.  Go to
2.  Click on "Academic Exchange"
3.  Click on "Invitation"
4.  Click on "Call for Manuscripts"
5.  Click on "Content and Publication Schedule"
6.  Scroll down to the Fall, 2001, issue description

T. McFadden

T. G. McFadden, Director
Schaffer Library
Union College
Schenectady, NY 12308

7. Information for Social Change Call for papers

Combating racism in library and information services

The June 2000 issue of Information and Social Change will be devoted to
articles, experiences and views on combating racism in library and
information services.  

The need to address racism in libraries is highlighted by Roach and
Morrison (1998) and recommendations of the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry.

No forum exists to address the needs of Black1 communities and of Black LIS
workers to document their experiences of racism or their thoughts on
improving policies and practices .  The serious nature of the problem is
reflected in the fact that out of over 20,000 personal members of the
Library Association, only 1.2% - i.e. 286 individual members - are of
African, Caribbean or Asian background.  Even more worrying, only 3 Black
members earned over  £27,000 p.a. (Khan, 2000). 

What is the solution to this serious social problem?  Real workable
solutions will emerge only from an open debate about the problems and
possible resolutions.  Black LIS workers, black or white policy makers and
managers who implement policies all have a duty to engage in a debate to
address this matter.

It is for this reason that Information for Social Change is devoting its
next issue to combating racism in library and information services.
Contribution  can be experiences of racism in work places, examples of good
practice, ideas on possible policies and practices to eliminate racism.
Research findings and recommendations by Roach and Morrison provide a
useful starting point for a debate on this issue and are reproduced below
to provide a framework for future action.

Please submit articles to the address below.  They can be hand-written,
typed or  on disc (Word). They can be e-mailed also.   Closing date for
submission is May 31, 2000.  Address for submission is:

Mr. Shiraz Durrani
Information for Social Change
London Borough of Merton
Library & Heritage Services
Merton Civic Centre
London Road
Morden, Surrey
SM4  5DX

e-mail   shiraz.durrani[at]
Tel.  020 8545 4061
Fax: 0181 545 3629

Khan, Ayub (2000)  "Stamping out institutional racism".  Library
Association Record 102(1) pp. 38-39.

Roach, P. and Morrison, M. (1998), "Public Libraries, ethnic diversity and
citizenship". Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations, University of
Warwick, Warwick.

The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry; report of an inquiry by Sir William
Macpherson. Presented to Parliament by the Secretary of State for the Home
Department.  1999. London. The Stationary Office. CM 4262-I.
1 The term Black is used in its political sense to include all people from
Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean and all those who consider themselves
Black.  It includes those born in Britain but whose parents or grandparents
came from Africa, Asia or the Caribbean.  It is meant to highlight aspects
that unite people on the basis of  their common history of oppression.  The
term often used in the USA is "People of Color".  The TUC, Unison and many
other progressive organisations have Black sections today.   The term
'ethnic minority '  is used less today because of its association with
marginality. The debate about what name to use is not over yet and an
appropriate term will evolve in the course of the struggle for equality.
It is the people themselves who will ultimately decide what to call


8. All That JAS: Journal Abbreviation Sources

>===== Original Message From "Gerry Mckiernan"
<GMCKIERN[at]> =====

           _All That JAS: Journal Abbreviation Sources_

  I am pleased to announce the establishment of a new registry of Web sites
that list or provide access to the full title
of abbreviated journal titles. The registry is appropriately titled
_All That JAS: Journal Abbreviation Sources_ and is accessible

Sites have been categorized within broad subject groupings
(e.g., General, Agriculture, Biosciences, Chemistry, Economics, Mathematics,

   In addition to separate listings or access for abbreviated
journal title, selective OPACs that offer abbreviated title searching are also
included. Some sites also provide access to the full title of other types of
abbreviated publications
(e.g., conference proceedings)

    I would most appreciate learning of other candidate sites that offer
access to the full title of abbreviated publication titles for any subject for
future incorporation within _All That JAS_


/Gerry McKiernan
Science and Technology Librarian and Bibliographer
Iowa State University
Ames IA 50011


  "The Best Way to Predict the Future is to Invent It!"
                             Alan Kay

9. IFLA/FAIFE report of the Kosova Libraries Mission

The IFLA/FAIFE report of the joint Unesco, CoE and IFLA Kosova Library
Mission is now available on the FAIFE website at: The report provides a
general assessment and proposes a short and medium-term development plan.

International support in terms of funding and professional assistance is
now needed to reconstruct libraries and a functioning library network. One
might rightfully ask, why bother about libraries, in a situation when
people lack even houses, heating, electricity and other truly basic
commodities? Library services can be an important, and fairly easily
applicable, tool in the promotion of reading, education and culture in a
region with few or no other offerings and a population with a large share
of children and youth. Libraries can, not least in an area like Kosova,
provide local gateways to knowledge, reflect the plurality and diversity of
society and support the process of democratisation.

The Kosova Library Mission proposes a three to four years action plan,
Kosova Library Project 2000+, for the rehabilitation and enforcement of
libraries in Kosova. The plan includes short-term projects and attempts to
point out longer-term strategies.

The plan suggests the formation of a time-limited body, a Kosova Library
Consortium, which should include both local doers, major international
donors and international organisations providing professional expertise and
advise. A more elaborate and detailed action plan on Kosova libraries could
be developed within this framework.

The action plan includes a proposed range of 11 special programmes to be
established, each covering different needs and aspects of library
activities. The suggested programmes vary in nature and financial weight.
An initial and very rough estimate of the funding needed for basic
short-term measures amounts to around DM 14 millions.

One programme lines out the structural basis on which the rehabilitation
process can be founded. The five programmes requiring the most immediate
initiative and a heavy part of external funding are a Mobile Library
Programme,a Reconstruction Programme, a Professional Training and a
Development Programme, a Books and Reading Programme, and an Information
Technology Programme. There are important correlations between these
programmes: The reconstruction of buildings is a longer-term task, which
may take some years. Therefore mobile library services are suggested as a
fairly immediate compensatory initiative. The buildings themselves have no
value without books, technology or qualified library professionals.

A Cultural Heritage Programme aims to provide practical solutions to urgent
preservation and security needs. A Children and Youth programme and an Open
Access Programme are of a more library political nature with the aim to
reform and streghten certain important aspects of the societal role of
libraries. The last two programmes are suggesting the establisment of
specific tools to ensure and promote local involvement and participation.

Carsten Frederiksen, IFLA/FAIFE Office, 10/05/00

10. Mark Rosenzweig on ALA's Investments

Date: Thu, 11 May 2000 01:05:56 -0400
To: ALA Council List <alacoun[at]>
From: Mark Rosenzweig <iskra[at]>
Subject: [ALACOUN:4673] Fwd: ALA Endowment Information

The following note has been posted to the Council list by ALA
President Sarah Ann Long highlighting an aesthetically pleasing
"reformatting"( but, unfortunately, not a reconsideration) of the ALA
investment policy, affecting only how it appears on the web site. My
compliments for the  re-design.

Disappointingly,, there is no answer in that lovely reconfiguration
of the web page that I can see to my or Councilor Kagan's inquiries
regarding the  very serious matter of the criteria of investment with
regards to social responsibility being met by the Endowment's
portfolio or in the way that portfolio is  managed to take that into
consideration. Very specific violations of recognized norms of social
responsibility in oinvestment have been pointed out at this point and
there is morem and very disturbing data yet to be revealed.

There are companies in our portfolio against which large-scale,
international "corporate campaigns" of protest are being waged,
companies which are arms dealers, companies which are involved in
anti-labor activities and sweatshops,  companies with an
anticompetitive conflict of interest with library management and
development,  companies which are MAJOR polluters of the environment,
companies  with direct historic ties to fascist government, which
employted slave labor in the Hitler era (e.g. Daimler-Benz ). I won't
enumerate further here (that's only a hint of the problems), but I,
and others, will  do so shortly (and, if necessary, publicly). Is
this the kind of economic activity we want to support, especial;ly
when the returns have been significantly less over the same period
compared to the best SRI funds?

I should have expected  a reconsideration, considering Council had
previously been blithely  told by Councilor Margolies on behalf of
the Endowment Trustees that our funds were asssuredly ALREADY
invested in a socially responsible manner. When Councilor Kagan
presented the Council with a detailed  analysis of  a large portion
of the portfolio by a recognized SRI fund, in which they found
significant and widespread breaches of reasonable criteria of social
responsibility in the disposition of our investments, that there
would be some response.

I hope Councilors concerned that our "money is where our mourth is"
join together in insisting that the matter of socially responsible
investment (which alone is completely consistent with the social and
ethical commitments embedded in ALA policy ) be instituted in some
sytematic and meaningful way, and that such a policy, especially
given the lackluster performance of the present investment regimen,
should be one of the basic criteria of the endowments actions .

Do Councilor Margolies and the Trustees still maintain that they have
not only optimized investments (which is highly questionable!) but
maintained a commitment to social responsibility in doing so?

Let's use our endowment to insure ALA's financiial future more
effectively AND contribute to the social aims which ALA professes..

Mark Rosenzweig
ALA Councilor at large

>Date: Wed, 10 May 2000 18:04:24 -0500
>From: Sarah Long <slong[at]>
>To: ALA Council List <alacoun[at]>
>Subject: [ALACOUN:4672] ALA Endowment Information
>Dear Councilors:
>Information on ALA's Endowment has been reorganized on the ALA
>Treasurer's page at   You'll find
>the listing at the end of the first page.   A new fact sheet is
>included, FYI.
>Sarah Ann Long
>President, American Library Association, and
>System Director
>North Suburban Library System
>200 West Dundee Road
>Wheeling, IL  60090-2799
>(847) 459-1300, ext. 7125
>(847) 459-0380 FAX

11. Baum, L. Frank -- 1856-1919 -

        This is the Oz Encyclopedia's chronological biography of
        the author of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, which started a
        series of books and inspired the 1939 movie. Oz Books is a
        bibliography of all of his books, songs he wrote for his
        plays, and his short stories. It includes works under various
        pen names and works by others about Baum and Oz. By
        selecting "characters," "places," or "things" from the menu
        at the bottom of each page, one can access Critteria
        Ozlandus: A Who's Who; GeOz-graphy: The Oz Places;
        and Oz-jects: The Oz Things; each offering a selection of
        search options. - gs

From Librarians' Index to the Internet -

12. Oxford University Press (OUP) Reading Room [.pdf]

Though of course created to sell OUP books, this site is a useful
resource for university instructors, scholars, or anyone interested
in the latest works from one of the foremost academic publishers. The
site is currently divided into thirteen reading rooms (Politics,
Anthropology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, History,
Literature, Philosophy, etc.), each of which offers sample chapters
(.pdf format), tables of contents, and other information on the
latest offerings in that field from OUP. In addition, users can
browse each reading room by their particular interest. For instance,
the Literature reading room is subdivided into topics such as
Shakespeare, Romantic Literature, Nineteenth Century Literature,
Twentieth Century Literature, and Criticism and Theory, among others.
An internal search engine is also available. [MD]

> From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2000.

13. MagPortal

Created and provided by Hot Neuron LLC, this current awareness
resource helps users stay abreast of recent free magazine articles
available online. Updated each business day, the site organizes the
articles in twelve main categories, including Business, Internet,
Family & Home, Sports, Health, and Science & Technology, among
others. Each of these are further divided into varying numbers of
subcategories. The articles are briefly described, and links are
provided to the full text and the main site of the periodical. In
addition, users can access a list of similar articles via an icon at
the end of most article descriptions. A keyword search engine is
provided at the main page, and registered users can mark and save
articles for future reference. Although a master list of the
periodicals indexed by the site would be a welcome addition, the site
as it stands is quite helpful for users searching for current pieces
on selected topics or simply tracking the latest writing in their
areas of interest. [MD]

> From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2000.

Note: I think it would be worth lobbying MagPortal to include alternative
titles.  Business ventures like that are eager to please the consumer.  -ed.

14. 1stHeadlines-News -

        Current headlines from over 300 newspaper, broadcast &
        online sources around the world are included in this site.
        Updated daily, headlines can be viewed by state or country,
        searched by keyword, or selected by subjects such as
        business, health, sports, and more. Top stories are
        categorized for easy selection. - ec

From Librarians' Index to the Internet -

15. Chamber's Book of Days

Subtitled _A Miscellany of Popular Antiquities in connection with the
Calendar_, _Chamber's Book of Days_ is essentially a collection of
"On this Day" trivia, short pieces, and other interesting tidbits,
including history, literature, biography, and "oddities of human life
and character." Digitized by the University of Wisconsin-Madison
Libraries, this electronic reprint may be browsed in page order or
via a calendar navigator. The site offers a fun look into
pop-history/ tabloid news of the late nineteenth century. For
instance, I discovered that on the day of my birth in 1626 "a
cod-fish was brought to Cambridge market, which upon being opened,
was found to contain a book in its maw or stomach." An auspicious
date to be born indeed. [MD]

> From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2000.


Taking Action for Peace

Some recently updated

Peace Movement Website -

A short briefing


A lot of individuals talk about doing something about world peace,
but are not so clear about what might be done, or what type of
Organisations could use their help, or those that might become
activly involved within.

There are a number of peace movemnt organistaions that could use
volunteers, or which have an urgent need for funding.  This is
particualy true in the case of most of the organisations that  I have
included within this briefing. 

N.B. This webbriefing is not so much been put together to survey to
the peace movemnt, but so that you might get an idea about what is
the very best in terms of current issues.

The Websites

Peace Brigades International ( P.B.I. ).

' Peace Brigades International (PBI) is a grassroots non-governmental
organization that explores and promotes nonviolent approaches to
peacekeeping and support for human rights.

When invited, we send teams of volunteers who go into areas of
political repression and conflict. The volunteers accompany human
rights defenders, their organisations, and others who have been
threatened by political violence. In most countries, those
responsible for human rights abuses don't want the world to witness
their actions. The presence of PBI volunteers backed by an Emergency
Response Network helps deter violence.  Volunteers also conduct peace
education workshops and spread information about the conflict
situation. In this way, we help local activists to work for social
justice and human rights.'
  This website gives details about the work of BPT, its various
projects, & country groups.
   There are BPT volunteers in:
  Colombia | East Timor | Haiti | Mexico | North America  There are
also Joint projects with other organisations in Chiapas & the
Balkans.  The website also contains Archives of closed projects in
Guatemala | Sri Lanka

There is also a lot of other information about aspects of the work
of BPT, & how people can get involved / support its various projects.

The website also has link to various other International humanitarian
& peace movement organisations, together with a very useful list of
organisations within  Guatemala, & links to related websites in
Haiti, Sri Lanka, North America, etc. ......................

Balkan Peace Team  ( B.P.T ).

This is perhaps one of the most interesting & worthwhile of the
various peace initiatives that is currently happening within

'Balkan Peace Team (BPT) is a project that provides day-to-day
support for the work of peace and human rights advocates in the
states of the former Yugoslavia.' 'At the invitation of local
non-governmental organisations, BPT has placed international teams of
volunteers in Kosovo/a, Croatia and Serbia where their daily presence
has helped to enable local activists to carry out their work more

The website gives one both details of this work, and information
about how to support the project.

BPT is a joint project of the following organisations, for which some
links can be found upon the website:

Brethren Service, Geneva, Switzerland  Bund fr Soziale Verteidigung,
Minden, Germany  Dutch Mennonite s working group ex-Yugoslavia  Eirene
International, Neuwied , Germany  International Fellowship of
Reconciliation  Mouvement pour une alternative nonviolente, Paris,
France  ÷sterreichische Friedensdienste, Vienna, Austria  Peace
Brigades International  Quaker Peace and Service, London, England
&  War Resisters' International



This is the webpage of the Radical German periodical, which I would
highly recommend any German speaker to read.

The website also contains come very useful links upon it' They are
organised to include the following types of organisations:






group projects.

Arts & culture.


& Peace movement periodicals

There are also links to  Norbert's Bookmarks  Which is a directory that
all information workers should at least be aware about, as it gives
information & links about many radical projects.  What  is
particularly of note is that these links also include ones to those
bodies that we are all opposed to - e.g. British Nukiller Fools,
General Electric ( US ), IEAE, etc


SIPAZ Servicio Internacional para la Paz / International Service for

' SIPAZ is a coalition of organizations dedicated to Peacebuilding
and non-violent conflict transformation. SIPAZ has a team of
volunteers in Chiapas and many dedicated friends working outside of
Chiapas. The SIPAZ international coordinating office is based in
Santa Cruz, California, USA. '

This website is available in English, Spanish, French & Italian.

There are currently reports & information about the Chiapas.

Links upon this website include, for example: The Mexican Academy of
Human Rights  AME la PAZ  Office of the Americas - Web links  Peace
Brigades International  Eastern Mennonite University  & Social
Justice Committee of Montreal


Peace Movement Aotearoa / New Zealand

'The national networking organisation for those concerned about
peace and related issues in Aotearoa/New Zealand.'

A website for those who wish to really keep up to date with various
peace movement/human rights concerns, not just within NZ, the
Pacific, Asia, but from right across the globe.

This is a really informative website, and one which I have always
found to be of great value.


Womens International League for Peace & Freedom ( WILPF )

This is a website that has a lot of good information about
anti-nukiller weapon issues.
  Unfortunately, I have had some problems in downloading this
website, which always seems to freeze my screen with just 4 more
items to download upon the homepage. Thus I have note been able to
look at this webpage or review it here.


Global Connections

This website describes itself as:

'An International Roster of Prominent Non-Government Organizations
Advocating Abolition, Containment, or Clean up of Nuclear Weapons.'
Here you will find a listing of organisations by Country, & in
alphabetical order. While this website has some useful information
upon it, there are a couple of points that should be made about it.
Namely:  a. That there are some inconstancies in presentation, e.g.
of zip codes & phone numbers.  b. That while there is background info
on some organisations, for many there is only contact details.     &
c. That it is not a comprehensive listing, Unlike the Housmans Peace

In other words, this is a useful website, but not one that should be
used in isolation.


Vietnam Veterans Against the War

To quote the website: 'Vietnam Veterans Against the War, Inc. (VVAW)
is a national veterans' organisation that was founded in New York
City in 1967 after six Vietnam vets marched together in a peace
demonstration. It was organised to voice the growing opposition among
returning servicemen and women to the still-raging war in Indochina,
and grew rapidly to a membership of over 30,000 throughout the United
States as well as active duty GIs stationed in Vietnam. Through
ongoing actions and grassroots organisation, VVAW exposed the ugly
truth about US involvement in Southeast Asia and our first-hand
experiences helped many other Americans to see the unjust nature of
that war.' 'We believe that service to our country and communities
did not end when we were discharged. We remain committed to the
struggle for peace and for social and economic justice for all
people. We will continue to oppose senseless military adventures and
to teach the real lessons of the Vietnam War. We will do all we can
to prevent another generation from being put through a similar
tragedy and we will continue to demand dignity and respect for
veterans of all eras. '

The website has a lot of information about the organisation upon it,
plus articles from its current & previous issues of its periodical
'The Veteran'.
These go back to:   "The 1st Casualty" - Volume 1, Number 1 - August

The website also includes an account of how the 'Vietnam Veterans
Against the War' Logo ( a nice anti-militarist design ), came to be

This is a website for those who want to get hold of material that is
written from experience.

While on the subject - the

Veterans for Peace  website

is well worth taking a look at too.



It might also be noted that while the main peace movement
organisations can become very stretched during a crisis  ( e.g.
Kosov[at], Iraq, East Timor, Chechnya, etc ), there is still the more
day to day work that has to be carried on at all times. So support is
still important during these other times - Especially right now, as
some of these organisations are suffering from MAJOR financial
problems !

In the meanwhile it might be noted that

Monday May 15th  is International Conscientious Objector's Day

Martyn Lowe

- May 2000

17. Fun Facts About US Human Rights Abuses

From: Common Courage Political Literacy Course

"Every country on earth has ratified the United Nations' Convention on the
Rights of the Child, which prohibits the death penalty for juvenile
offenders, with two exceptions: Somalia, which effectively has no
government, and the U.S.. Even China, one of the world's most enthusiastic
criminal-killers, recently banned juvenile executions."
--"Wasted Youth," The Mojo Wire, December 23, 1999

"(T)he U.S.A. is also one of only a handful of countries that have not
ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
against Women."
--Amnesty International "United States of America--Rights for All,"
October 1998

"The United Nations Commission on Human Rights, meeting in Geneva in
April, called for a moratorium on all executions. The resolution was
co-sponsored by 63 nations. The U.S. was one of the few countries to
oppose it, along with such countries as Bangladesh, China, South Korea and
--Death Penalty Information Center "The Death Penalty in 1998: Year End
Report," December 1998

"And the United States was one of only seven states voting against the
statute creating the ICC [International Criminal Court] at the Rome
Diplomatic Conference in July; 120 states voted for the treaty."
--Human Rights Watch "World Report 1999, United States," explaining how
the U.S. opposed the creation of the legal entity which it then cynically
proceeded to use to promote the war effort in Kosovo.

"In the case of landmines, the United States refused to join the 133
nations, including nearly every major U.S. ally, that had already signed
the treaty by October 1998."
--Human Rights Watch "World Report 1999, United States"

(This material is compiled in David McGowan's, "Derailing Democracy," now
available from Common Courage Press at )

More from the Common Courage Political Literacy Course -

"The U.S., which has 5% of the world population, will have a quarter of
its prisoners in the year 2000."
- Justice Policy Institute "The Punishing
Decade," December 1999

"The United States now imprisons more people than any other country in the
world - perhaps half a million more than Communist China."
- Atlantic Monthly "The Prison-Industrial
Complex," December 1998

"Our incarceration rate plays such a distorting role in the labor market,
one study found that the U.S. unemployment rate would be 2% higher if
prisoners and jail inmates were counted."
- Justice Policy Institute "The Punishing
Decade," December 1999

..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..

Some background to the incarceration of the mentally ill in the US prison

By Debra Watson
6 March 2000

In February the United States reached a benchmark of 2 million individuals
in its prisons and jails. The US incarcerates the greatest number of
people of any country in the world, and has become a worldwide example of
prison abuse, especially in the use of the death penalty. In state after
state growing numbers of juveniles are being tried and sentenced as

The US Department of Justice has estimated that 283,800 mentally ill
offenders were held in state and federal prisons and local jails at
mid-year 1998. Additionally 547,800 mentally ill persons were on
probation. Seven percent of federal inmates and 16 percent of those in
state prisons or local jails or on probation said they either had a mental
condition or stayed overnight in a mental hospital, unit or treatment

A Michigan Community Health Department survey indicates the number of
mentally ill suffering in prison may be even higher than the Justice
Department figures. The Justice in Mental Health Organization refers to
statistics in the 1999 Michigan survey of three state jail systems. They
note that while the number of prisoners that screened positive for mental
health concerns using standard survey methods was 12 percent, the number
rose to 34 percent when a psychologist interviewed each inmate in depth.
Stung by criticism that the indigent mentally ill were being denied care
and forced instead into jails, Department of Community Health Director
James K. Havemann, Jr. did not release the full results of the survey.



From AgitProp News -


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