Library Juice 3:38 - October 4, 2000


1. Information for Social Change No. 11, Summer 2000
2. Library Philosophy and Practice new issue and call for papers
3. Federal Filtering Mandates
4. A message on the novel idea of libraries as learning centers
5. Request for opinions on bilingual libraries
6. - or is it
7. Knowing Just What is Inside Those Electronic Books
8. Women's Studies Librarianship Awards - call for nominations
9. Academic Exchange Quarterly
10. Library for disabled children in Tbilisi, Georgia
11. A Friendly Reading Symbol
12. Cute cartoon on Banned Books Week

Quote for the week:

"The prospect of millions of books in the Alexandrian libraries of the modern
world being metamorphosed into "data" anytime soon is unlikely.  However,
the hostility among large numbers of librarians to history as represented in
millions of printed pages is a subject worthy of sustained reflection."

- Stan Hannah and Steven Harris, in _Inventing the Future: Information
Services for a New Millenium_, 1999, Ablex.

Homepage of the week: Russ Kick


1. Information for Social Change No. 11, Summer 2000

is now on the web


This issue focuses on racism in library services.

Table of Contents:

Editorial: Combating racism in library and information services.
Shiraz Durrani

Using CRE standard to combat racism in library services. Susan

Response to Diversity. Glennor L. Shirley

On Combating Racism In Academic Librarianship. Sterling

Views from Britain: Case Studies And Comments.

The Quality Leaders Project: Conference Report. John Vincent
Knowing my Place. Beckford, H

Bring on the thought police: freedom of expression and the press
in South Africa. Christopher Merrett

Meeting information needs for 1992 and beyond. John Vincent

Book Review: Stop Talking Start Doing! Attracting People of
Color to the Library Profession. Reviewed by Ayub Khan

Minority Ethnic issues in social exclusion - Merton responds.


2. Library Philosophy and Practice new issue and call for papers

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Fri, 29 Sep 2000 14:02:35 -0700
From: Mary Bolin <mbolin[at]>
Subject: Library Philosophy and Practice new issue and call for papers

Volume 3, number 1 (Fall 2000) of Library Philosophy and Practice is now
available at

This issue includes articles by Christopher Millson-Martula, Susanna
Bartmann Pathak, and Carol Pfeiffer on consortial collection
development, Elaine Peterson on web-based document delivery in Germany,
and Ellen D. Gilbert on digital libraries and library buildings.

Call for papers:
Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP) (
is a peer-reviewed electronic journal which appears twice a year, once
in fall and once in spring. This is a call for papers for Vol. 4,  no. 1
(Fall 2001).  Submit manuscripts (2,000-6,000 words)  to the editors
electronically in any IBM-compatible word-processing format, or in HTML.
Deadline for submissions for Vol. 4, no. 1 is May 1, 2001.

LPP publishes articles that demonstrate the connection between library
practice and the philosophy and theory behind it. LPP publishes reports
of successful, innovative, or experimental library procedures, methods,
or projects in all areas of librarianship, including both public and
technical services. These reports are set in the context of applied
research, with reference to current, past, and emerging theories of
library practice.

Mary K. Bolin,
Gail Z. Eckwright,
editors, Library Philosophy and Practice
Mary K. Bolin                           (208)885-7737
Head, Technical Services                (208)885-6817 FAX
Professor                       mbolin[at]
University of Idaho Library
Moscow, ID 83844-2350

3. Federal Filtering Mandates

Date: Sat, 30 Sep 2000 14:43:40 -0500
From: Jack King <jburge42[at]>
To: Reference and User Services Association List <rusa-l[at]>
Subject: [RUSA-L:694] Federal Filtering Mandates

The ALA Washington Office is still asking librarians to call
their senators about removing Federal Filtering Mandates
from legislation. Their request is listed below.  Jack King
RUSA Liaison to the Legislation Assembly

Federal Filtering Mandates On the Move in
Appropriations Bill Negotiations

ACTION NEEDED: Library supporters, your help is urgently needed!
Please call or fax YOUR Senators and Representatives and ask them
to contact the White House and Senate and House leadership on
behalf of libraries.  Many voices are needed to help decision-
makers eliminate the federal filtering mandates currently in the
Labor, Health, Human Services and Education appropriations bill
(H.R. 4577). The Capitol Switchboard number is: 202-224-3121

This could be the eleventh hour for a filtering mandate decision.
The Washington Office has received word the House and Senate
representatives will be negotiating with the White House tomorrow,
SEPTEMBER 29, to reach a decision on the filtering riders
currently attached to the spending bill.

Leaders most likely to be present for negotiations include the

Jack Lew, director, White House Office of Management and Budget
phone 202-395-4840

Sen. Ted Stevens
Sen. Robert Byrd
Sen. Arlen Spector
Sen. Tom Harkin
Sen. Jim Jeffords
Sen. Edward Kennedy
Rep. Bill Young
Rep. David Obey
Rep. John Porter
Rep. William Goodling
Rep. William Clay
Rep. Mike Castle
Rep. Dale Kildee

For additional background information on what is included in the
draft bill or for reasons that federal filtering mandates are not
right for libraries and schools, please see ALAWON, 8,1,2000



4. A message on the novel idea of libraries as learning centers

From Bill Drew of TRANET/A Coalition for Self-Learning

Date: Tue, 26 Sep 2000 10:41:48 -0400
Subject: "Learning Libraries"
From: "Bill Ellis" <tranet[at]>
To: CCL-LLCs[at], honeybee[at]
CC: iskra[at], willett[at], willett[at],
        mickeyga[at], sdias[at], rs[at],
        hotlabor[at], berilibra[at],
        anais77[at], schmitt[at], chuck[at],
        rlitwin[at], domonypeny[at],
Mime-version: 1.0
X-Priority: 3

Merrill (below), raises the concept again of "libraries as learning centers."
I think is was Ann who pushed this before. We have been searching for
librarians who would write chapters on the topic. And did, in fact, have
one chapter, "How to maintain an Alternative Library" by James Schmidt,
in the published book; Charles Willett had a PR flyer, "Small Independent
Libraries as Learning Centers," in our press kit; we we sent press
releases to about 200 members to the 'Guild for Pogressive Librarians.;'
and we talked of having a joint conference with them. This is an idea we
should pursue. As Merrill says, they are (or could be) an important
element of the future learning system.

IMHO, and in the eyes of many librarians themselves., most libraries
have become part of the entertainment busines rather than the learning
system. They measure their success in the number of books that go out, so
fill there stacks with cheap romance fiction rather than maintaining a
collection of classics, progressive books,and books for learning. It
seems to me that librarians, like homeschoolers, tend to stay in their own
sand box, and have not become very active in the greater progressive
movement. As I recall Ivan Illich and colleagues put together a directory
of critical progressive books and publications and then searched major
research librararies to see how many had them. Even the Harvard and Yale
libraries had fewer that 50% of his list. Homeschoolers, have, in
general, found little help from their libraries. At one time a group of
homeschoolers started a similar directory of critical resources that all
libraries should have for the self-learners.

We should certainly invite more librarians to join our discussion and try
to develop a real dialogue with the progressive librarians. (I've given
copies of "Creating Learning Communities" to a number of state libraries.
But, to my knowledge it has not been a big seller in the library world.)

Any ideas of how we break through?



Bill Ellis
TRANET/A Coalition for Self-Learning
POBox 567, 5 Lake St.
Rangeley, ME 04970 USA

for the discussion
for the book

From: "Merrill Tew" <mltew[at]>
To: <CCL-LLCs[at]>
Subject: Cooperative Learning "Worker bees'" "walk the talk" idea
Date: Mon, Sep 25, 2000, 9:36 AM

My Groups <> | CCL-LLCs Main Page

To: CCL-LLCs[at] <mailto:CCL-LLCs[at]>
Subject: "Worker bees'" "walk the talk" idea.

Following the work-vacation trip my wife and I took in August
(reported in, one purpose of
which was to visit sites in the western states which may be
considered community life-long learning centers, I developed a
flexible concept of what "learning center" can mean. I realized that
members of listserv forums participate in virtual learning centers
on the Internet, perhaps the current ultimate epitome of a learning
center. Another valid learning center is a library, and when I
recently visited the website of my local library system
(, I was made
aware that librarians apparently view libraries as already created
community life-long learning centers:

Library Vision

The Riverside Public Library is the foremost promoter of
self-directed life long learning. We spark curiosity, provide
tools for discovery, and offer individualized guidance.

I am currently attempting to offer my services as a volunteer mentor
for the library, which may further the objectives of the Coalition
for Self Learning. Perhaps we should invite members of librarians'
organization to participate with us in this forum. Does anyone have
any ideas about how we may influence legislators to direct to
libraries some of the funds being wasted in public schools? I plan
to send a suggestion to my state senator.

Merrill L. Tew
An advocate of transformation in education.
mltew[at] <mailto:mltew[at]> - - -
"Tew's News and Views" Alternative/Home School Resources

Cooperative Community Life-Long Learning Centers (CCL-LLCs) are emerging
from the rapidly growing homeschooling and autodidact movements. They are
the foundation for a radically different society. What are your thoughts?


5. Request for opinions on bilingual libraries

Date: Sat, 30 Sep 2000 23:05:14 EDT
Subject: Spanish access to information
To: flaco[at], reformanet[at],
   AUTOCAT[at], Rory[at],
MIME-Version: 1.0

Hi ~ Hola!

(Sorry for any cross-posting duplication)

I am a graduate student enrolled full-time in the Library and Information
Science Program at the University of Pittsburgh. At the beginning of August,
I posted to several library listservs requesting data for my research on
Spanish subject access to information. I asked folks to take a few minutes to
fill out my online survey. I want to thank those persons who have taken the
time to respond. I greatly appreciate your help!

Unfortunately, I have not been able to collect enough data from the 36
responses I received. Although it is a beginning, not all of the responses
are complete enough to use. I was hoping to have at least 100 complete
responses. However, the information I have gathered so far is leading me into
some interesting territory, and I would like to continue my research. I
thought perhaps if I posted some preliminary findings and brief background
information it would generate more interest in my research project. As I said
in my original post, there is very little library literature on the topic of
providing Spanish language access to library materials, in particular Spanish
language materials.

Based on preliminary findings I have decided to redesign my survey. Although
I am still gathering the exact same data, I thought that it might be more
advantageous to divide the questions into general and technical categories.
Both are of equal importance to my research. By doing this, I hope to make it
more obvious that persons without knowledge of subject heading assignment may
also voice their opinion about Spanish language access. Because the data
could take me in any direction I'm interested in hearing from everyone in the
U.S. and out!

Brief anecdotal report - 2 opposing viewpoints (not my own & paraphrased, of

Since [we] are providing Spanish language materials it isn't logical to
require someone to use English as a means to finding these items.

[We] don't provide Spanish language access to these materials because users
in [the U.S.] need to speak English.   

Let your voice be heard! Please take a few minutes to check out my
preliminary findings at:

Or go directly to my online survey at:

Please feel free to forward this URL on to others. If you don't have access
to the WWW and would like to respond or if you have additional information
that you would like to contribute to my research, then e-mail me at
pcendoma[at] .

I apologize in advance for not having a Spanish version of the survey (yet).
Too much work and too little time!
Thank you ~ Muchas Gracias
Prudence Cendoma
M.L.I.S. Candidate / Spanish Cataloger

6. - or is it

Date: Tue, 26 Sep 2000 10:03:51 -0400
To: publib[at], plgnet-l[at]
From: Tom Stuart <tstuart[at]>
Subject: -- or is it

Firstgov is a new 'portal' to government information,
that just recently came up.

1)  Firstgov is found at (a government domain)
and also at (commercial domain) -- but not,
for example, at (which would be education

2)  Among the highlighted links is one to
The "About us" description for describes it as:
"part of Vice President Al Gore's Access America initiative..."

3)  firstgov is a project of the, uh, President's
Management Council.  The council has lots of heavy duty
folks from the executive branch.  There is no indication that
this information rich project has talked with the Library of
Congress, for example.

We learn that this page is a 'product' of the Council in
very small print at the bottom of the home page.  We don't
learn much about the Council itself, however.   In fact,
there is not even a hotlink to hot poop about the Council.

4) We do learn that there will be Firstgov 'partners' --
and that they will include the private sector, for example.

5) The welcome page concludes with this:

"The Vice President and I hope you enjoy your visit to FirstGov
and please don't forget to bookmark the site for all of your
future visits.
                        President Bill Clinton"

Are there any public library 'issues' here?

Tom Stuart <tstuart[at]>
Thomas Stuart   < tstuart[at] >
Outreach Librarian,
Westchester Library System
410 Saw Mill River Road
Ardsley, NY  10502
914.674.3600 x 242

..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..

On Tue, 26 Sep 2000, Tom Stuart wrote:
> 3)  firstgov is a project of the, uh, President's
> Management Council.  The council has lots of heavy duty
> folks from the executive branch.  There is no indication that
> this information rich project has talked with the Library of
> Congress, for example.

Nor is there any indication that they consulted with any information savvy
folks.  Their search feature is a nightmare.  Entering "tax forms" takes
you to a bunch of stuff in California, and nowhere near the IRS.  Generic
search engines get you to the IRS right away.

Jim Nichols

..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..

Date: Tue, 26 Sep 2000 19:34:36 -0700 (PDT)
From: "Mary Ann Meyers" <ljmmam[at]>
To: publib <publib[at]>
Subject: Re: -- or is it

You betcha, Tom, there are "public library 'issues' here."  Some little
piece of info can be found about the President's Management Council
(PMC) on the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) website, but it's not
much.  I paraphrase that the "Council is an intra-agency group (of
different agency heads) formed to advise the President."  I don't know
if there is any attempt at obfuscation here because I haven't had much
time to do other searches on the PMC, but the
website doesn't offer any clearly-linked info about the Council.

OMB has a link that is of interest and related since in it the President
announces the formation of  (Note other uses
of business/commercial language in discussing a government-created
"product":  "customer-focused," "one-stop shopping," "transactions,"
"[m]oving this enormous volume of business."   The "Council for
Excellence in Government," with the imprimatur of many well-respected
national leaders from different sectors, embraces the "ongoing
development of results-oriented programs aimed at bringing to American
government the revolution in quality and performance that has
reinvigorated the U.S. private sector."

Here is the OMB link :

"Remarks by the President in First Internet Webcast Los Angeles,
California" --

Public Library issues:
Blurring of government and commercial information sources
boundaries.  Potential of  even more injection of "added value"
political/economic bias into information.  A subtle weaning of public
consciousness from thinking in terms of "public/government service" to
thinking in terms of "business/commercial" by "partnering" or wedding
business phraseology to governmental services phraseology.  The
establishment of a co-brand (  logo to further
establish through symbols the conjoining of commercial and governmental
sources. A potentially expanded use of public employees as private
business employees.  Some statements on refer to
its or its links' status as "not-for-profit."  Is this some code for an
entity that differs in some finely-drawn way from "nonprofit"?  I haven't
had time to check as yet--perhaps someone out there can explain, define.

Private publishers have long mined government information to repackage
and sell in more convenient and accessible forms.  And commercial
websites often offer good information.  However,  the pairing of
government- and commercially-provided forms of information creates a new
animal that makes it more difficult to assess/evaluate the authority,
accuracy, currency, coverage and other important information values of a
single source or of a collection of sources arising out of a public
service ethic.  And this new method of electronic packaging often does
not make clear the source "about us" publishing entity.

Are we paranoid, Tom?  Perhaps.  Perhaps not.  We do know the seductive
power of money in America today, and it doesn't hurt to occasionally
throw up a warning.

Mary Ann Meyers


7. Knowing Just What is Inside Those Electronic Books

Date:    Thu, 28 Sep 2000 16:59:01 -0400
From:    Libref-l moderators <librefed[at]>
Subject: DISCUSSION: Knowing Just What is Inside Those Electronic Books (fwd)
MIME-Version: 1.0

===This message originated from David P. Dillard


        The coming of the electronic book is going to mean more in the
fields of information science, information technology, library science and
education than people sitting in the grass at a picnic with a hand held
personal digital assistant reading a novel because everyone else is
swimming and they do not like the water.  One of the vital considerations
in the conversion of print resources to online resources, whether book or
journal, is the concern that there be improvement in the tools available
to the end user to find out what is contained in these resources.  There
has already been a transition from CD-Rom databases leased by libraries
and kept on a server in the library to web based services that the library
subscribes to and makes available to the registered clients of the
library.  One of the critical implications of this is that the client need
not be in the library or its computer centers to use these databases, but
may use them at home or elsewhere as long as an effective password login
system or effective ISP recognition system has been put in place.
Indeed, as cellular connection to the internet improves, one could be
using these databases while driving along the highway, hopefully not while
being occupied as the vehicle driver.

        The concern is that fine tuning be enabled so that the user can
locate specific content within a journal or book as opposed to the overall
content indexing that has been prevalent in past indexing of books by
libraries in which the entire books contents are reduced to several
subject headings or, as was the case with periodicals, only two, three or
four subject headings were given to journal and magazine articles before
the days of more extensive indexing and content abstracting.

        For books, all of a number of methods can be employed to make a
record in a database of a large group of books that permits a much better
grasp of its specific content.  The record for each book can include its
table of contents as a specifically searchable paragraph in the database,
its index as a specifically searchable paragraph or if you will labeled
searching field. Better yet both can be separate search fields in the
database.  Book chapters, like articles indexed in journal databases, need
to have abstracts written and included as a searchable labeled fields in
the database that also includes a separate field for the keyword or
subject heading indexing for each chapter of the book as well.  Of course
this can all be greatly enhanced by having all of the books covered having
their fulltext content being searchably included in the database as part
of the database content for all of the books indexed in the database.
This must also be combined with the book records being text searchable by
a database software that permits searching in multiple numbered search
steps as in the OVID system, Dialog system and SilverPlatter system of
searchable databases.  Search capabilities of the multi-book database
should also include the capabilities of proximity searching, nesting of
search terms within parentheses as part of a search statement, and
limitation of search statement terms to one or more searchable paragraph
fields such as title or subject heading or document type (for books
document type might include textbook, unpublished report, novel, article
collection, anthology of poetry and so forth).

        For any that may consider such a tool a futuristic dream, please
consider the content of a database published by the American Psychological
Association and available among other places in the Dialog, OVID and
SilverPlatter search databanks. This database is variously known as
PsychLit and PsychInfo.  In addition to covering the journal articles in
psychology, this database has substantial records for book chapters of
books of readings in psychology and of dissertations done in the field as
well.  This kind of information retrieval will need to expand, as it most
certainly already is into other academic, technical and popular subject
fields, enabling researchers and information seekers to find specific
relevant content in books that may differ greatly from the overall purpose
of the book.  Users will then be enabled to find specific content in a
number of books regarding a topic they are reaching in very rapid manner.
This will be one of the very important impacts of the creation of a large
group of book titles in electronic format.

        In addition to this, there is another development that is occuring
in the way knowledge is stored that merits consideration and attention in
the way we organize and look for literature.  It is much like the blurring
and merging that is going on between computers and television that has
made the distinction between lets say television programs on the one hand
and websites on the other kind of become a part of a bigger whole, as for
example one is now encouraged to follow Sunday and Monday night football
both on television and interactively participate in events related to
those games on the ESPN website.  In relationship to books and journals on
the one hand, databases and websites on the other are taking on a
partnership and knowledge supplementing tool that is analogous and
supplemental as in the example of ESPN coverage of televised

        Websites like the Educational Cyberplayground or the Encyclopedia
Britannica become resources that can build the knowledge of the user along
with that being obtained by books and articles.  The link to additional
resources is much more immediate than that of a bibliography citation in
an article or book however, because clicking on the link to a related
website brings one to the related website in moments.  Thus websites will
increasingly become a part of the citation lists or "bibliographies" of
books and articles and will be constantly updatable to reflect URL changes
as they are online content.  Thus the content of a resource like the
Educaitional Cyberplayground or the Britannica become like a book with an
internal website search engine playing a role analous to the role of the
books index and the site map playing a role like that of the table of
contents and on the Cyberplayground there is a logical site map, an
intuitive site map and a visual site map to enhance the finding of the
information available on this website.

Educational Cyberplayground

Logical Site Map of the Educational Cyberplayground

Intuitive Site Map of the Educational Cyberplayground

Visual Site Map of the Educational Cyberplayground

Search Engine for the Educational Cyberplayground

Encyclopedia Britannica

        In short, much has and is going to change in the relationships of
books to other publications and in the way in which the contents of books
and other information resources are made known to the users of them.

David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584

Check My Articles on Database Searching
Click on Ringleaders and Then Reference
Diversity University Collaboratory Mailing List (DUC)

New York Times, USA Today, MSNBC Hot Site Pick Awards
The Educational CyberPlayGround <>
Diversity University Collaboratory Mailing List ISSN:1529-7861

8. Women's Studies Librarianship Awards - call for nominations

---Forwarded Message---
To: feminist[at]
Subject: women's studies awards
Date: Tue, 03 Oct 2000 10:22:11 -0400
From: Marlene Manoff <mmanoff[at]MIT.EDU>

The Women's Studies Section of ACRL is seeking nominations for two
awards that honor major contributions to women's studies
librarianship. One recognizes a significant project or achievement in
the past calendar year and the other recognizes career
achievement. Each involves a prize of $1000. The sponsors are
Greenwood Publishing Group and Routledge.

I'm sure many of you know librarians whose accomplishments and service
to women's studies librarianship deserve to be recognized. I'd like to
encourage you to submit nominations.  This award is vital to the
visibility of WSS and its standing within ACRL, the general academic
community, and with publishers.  We need your active assistance in
developing a significant pool of nominations to demonstrate our
vitality, accomplishments and the continuing importance of Women's
Studies librarianship. Submission forms, as well as details on
criteria and eligibility, are available at

If you have any questions or need help with the forms, don't hesitate
to contact me or any of the members of the Awards Committee (names and
email addreses are listed below).


                                            Marlene Manoff
                                            Chair, WSS Awards
Joan Ariel

Sherri Barnes

Margaret Porter

Sandy River


9. Academic Exchange Quarterly

Date: Mon, 11 Sep 2000 16:22:23 -0600
From: Martin Raish <martin_raish[at]>
Subject: pub opportunity
To: BI-L <bi-l[at]>
MIME-version: 1.0


Publication Opportunity

Academic Exchange Quarterly, independent peer-reviewed  print journal,
welcomes a variety of articles  with focus on effective instruction and
learning regardless of level or subject.

For more information and themes of upcoming issues see our info web at

Steve Pec, Editor
Please consider working for AEQ too.


10. Library for disabled children in Tbilisi, Georgia

Date: Mon, 2 Oct 2000 13:57:43 +0200
To: ProgLib[at]
From: Raimund Dehmlow <dehmlow[at]>
Subject: special library for disabled children in Tbilisi, Georgia

Progressive Librarians Around the World -


We .ve just learnt about activity of your organization from  Internet. Let
me tell you briefly about us. Disabled people and Veterans  Assistance and
Employment Union as an independent non-governmental organization  exists
in Tbilisi, Georgia (former Soviet Republic ) since 1995. Nowadays there
are more than 500 members in Union, among them 10 staff members and
volunteers  who work at several projects.

Our mission is to promote open society building in Georgia,  support
peaceful initiatives by creation of disabled and veterans' civic
institutions and their integration into international democratic systems;

Our organization has already carried out several projects,  financed by
STATES EMBASSY, we are still struggling for funding of our future

One of the most important projects we are going to realize, is
establishment of a special library for disabled children  .ASSISTANCE ..
It will  be the first such kind of establishment in Georgia aiming at
filling the gap  between disabled children and the rest of the society,
rendering assistance in  their integration and active involvement into
mainstream of life, reduction of  the disabled children person .s
informational isolation. When speaking about  disabled people and
especially children it must be noted that a main problem  lies in their
psychological isolation. Being afraid of sending their children  into a
regular setting, the parents try to place them in special conditions.
Such children actually feel isolated from early childhood.

We .ve already conducted several activities for successful  realization of
the project: we hired an office, equipped it with special spaces  and
entrance lift for disabled people on wheelchairs.

Introducing our activity we hope you .ll find possible to assist  us in
our beginning.

We .ll highly appreciate if you provide us information about  possibility
of our participation in your grant-making program

We .ll highly appreciate if you provide us information about  other
international funds or granting organizations

Thank you in advance

With best regards,

Nana Aleksize Project Manager

Our full address is 4 Makashvili st 380008 Tbilisi Georgia

P.S. Georgia is a hilly and mountainous country situated on the  eastern
shores of the Black Sea, which stretches into the Southern flanks of the
Caucasus Mountain. It covers an area of 70 thousand square kilometers and
has a  population of 5.5 million.

Following the disintegration of the former USSR, Georgia was  among the
first Soviet republics to gain formal independence and sovereignty on
April 9,1991. In 1995 the country adopted its new constitution. In
November of  the same year presidential and parliamentary elections were
held. The Head of  the State was elected and the Parliament set up, while
a new government was  formed.

Emerging nationalism in early 90's was considered a threat by  ethnic
minorities,as a result, separatist movement rose in South Ossetian
Tskhinvali Region in January1999, leading to disastrous ethnic conflict.
Hostilities started in Abkhazia 1992over the intention of Abkhaz to secede
from  Georgia .Both conflicts caused the significant growth of number of
refugees.There are more than 250000 refugees fled to main cities of

Raimund Dehmlow
Kirchroeder Str. 44F
D-30625 Hannover
Tel./Fax: 0049 511 5353374
E-Mail: dehmlow[at]


11. A Friendly Reading Symbol

Date: Mon, 02 Oct 2000 13:46:43 -0700
To: calix[at]
From: Library Lovers <LibraryLovers[at]>
Subject: Download artwork for A Friendly Reading Symbol (print & web)

Please fell free to share with your local FOLs this
NEW FREE Camera-ready artwork for A Friendly Reading Symbol

"A Friendly Reading Symbol"

We get lots of requests for a simple symbol that
tells folks that "this is a library and it's a
good place to read." To that end we present the
LM&PR "Reader Symbol."

This little graphic is available for FREE download
in several (10) formats, for both print and Web use.
Grab the one(s) you need and have fun.

Visit the LM&PR Reader Graphics Page. Set also
includes a Bargain Book Sale promo flyer and poster.

 # # #

Stephanie Stokes
"Library Media & PR"

12. Cute cartoon on Banned Books Week

  L I B R A R Y   J U I C E

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