Library Juice 4:10 - March 21, 2001


  1. Library Juice recommendations for the ALA Elections
  2. Cointerpoise Needs Reviewers
  3. Article in Civil Engineering Magazine on Library of Alexandria
  4. USGS Scientist Fired for sharing important information with the public
  5. CIPA lawsuit news
  6. SFPL Resolution on Marriott & ALA Conference
  7. Reconstruction of Libraries in Kosova/Kosovo
  8. Nader calls for Internet User's Bill of Rights
  9. The Information Warfare Site
  10. Lawrence Clark Powell obituary
  11. Albert Prince "A.P." Marshall obituary

Quote for the week:

"It is of great importance that the general public be given the opportunity
to experience, consciously and intelligently, the efforts and results of
scientific research. It is not sufficient that each result be taken up,
elaborated, and applied by few specialists in the field. Restricting the
body of knowledge to a small group deadens the philosophical spirit of a
people and leads to spiritual poverty."

-Albert  Einstein

Homepage of the week: Stephanie Chase


1. Library Juice recommendations for the ALA Elections

For President: Mitch Freedman -

For ALA Council:

Theresa Tobin
Tom Wilding
Ann Sparanese
Earl Lee
Veronda Pitchford
John Buschman
Toni Bissesar
Monika Antonelli
S. Michael Malinconico
Melora Ranney
Stanton Biddle
Frederick Stoss
Roma Harris

Don't cast all your votes in the Council race! It waters down your vote.
The candidates you want to see elected will be helped if you vote only
for them; their competitors will have fewer votes that way.

2. Cointerpoise Needs Reviewers

Would you like to review cutting-edge books and magazines published by the
alternative and independent press?  Counterpoise -- a non-profit, quarterly
review journal -- needs your help. We got your name from one of the library
listserves we belong to and thought you might be interested. Please check
out our website for more information- And if you have any
questions, please contact us.  If you are interested in doing reviews for
us, please send an email listing your skills, experience, areas of interest
and a current resume.  We will email you a title list of items you may
choose from, deadlines for upcoming issues and review guidelines.  We also
would like to ask that if you know others who might be interested, please
forward this email to them.  Thank you.


Charles Willett, Editor
Sheila Bishop, Editorial Assistant

Counterpoise, a project of the Civic Media Center and Library, Inc.
1716 SW Williston Road
Gainesville, FL 32608-4049   USA

3. Article in Civil Engineering Magazine on Library of Alexandria

This is an interesting article on the nuts-and-bolts engineering
issues in the construction of the new Library of Alexandria.

4. USGS Scientist Fired for sharing important information with the public

Date: Fri, 16 Mar 2001 14:28:29 -0500 (EST)
From: Frederick W Stoss <fstoss[at]>
Reply-To: member-forum[at]
To: SRRTAC-l[at], TFOE[at],
    Environmental Libraries/Information Organizations
    NRLib-L[at], STS[at]LISTSERV.UTK.GOV, member-forum[at]
Cc: "David W. Inouye" <di5[at]>, dalevh[at], rma[at]
Subject: [MEMBER-FORUM:2090] Politics and science?  USGS Scientist fired over
Arctic Nat'l  Wildlife Refuge maps

Friends and colleagues

This is the first act of censorship by the bush administration. This
source of information is David Inouye, noted ecologist with a most
distinguished record as a research scientist, science policy advocate, and
leader in the Ecological Society of America.

This is chilling news. Many people on the lists receiving this message
belong to professional societies that must be called into action
IMMEDIATELY. A am asking my fellow members of the American Library
Association to send this notice to as many colleagues as possible.

The message at the bottom of this commentary is frightening.

I will request that the Councilors of the American Library Association's
Social Responsibilities Round Table and its Task Force on the Environment
request ALA's Washington Office to provide it members a report on this
issue and have it published in American Libraries, and posted to ALL of
ALA's eMail discussion lists.

I will make a similar request to other appropriate ALA units, such as the
Science and Technology Section of the Association of College and Research
Libraries, the Government Documents Round Table, the Intellectual Freedom
Round Table, Map and Geography Round Table, and the Library and
Information Technology Association.

I would encourage every member of any professional organization to do
likewise. I have alerted the Special Libraries Association and the
American Institute of Biological Science as to this.

If Ian Thomas was fired to set an example for other federal employees to
follow the bush-mandates in lock-step fashion, we professionals must send
a clear message that this type of behavior will NOT be tolerated. Mr.
Thomas' work was being done as part of an ongoing research initiative to
share biological data with researchers and educators. His firing needs to
be investigated.

He is being punished for doing something that strikes fear into partisan
politians--providing information. This act of censorship cannot go

Fred Stoss
Social Responsibilities Round Table
American Library Association

Past Chair
Task Force on the Environment
American Library Association

Past Chair
Environment Division
Special Libraries Association

Forwarded message ----------
Date: Fri, 16 Mar 2001 12:54:10 -0500
From: Terry Link <link[at]MAIL.LIB.MSU.EDU>

"Ecological Society of America: grants, jobs, news" <ECOLOG-L[at]UMDD.UMD.EDU>
From: "David W. Inouye" <di5[at]>

This news story is also reported at:

From:         Kennedy, Robert
Sent: Thursday, March 15, 2001 5:08 PM
Subject:      USGS Scientist fired over Arctic Nat'l Wildlife Refuge maps

Hello All- Here's an infuriating piece of news on the Arctic National
Wildlife Refuge issue.

The news came over a topic-based listserve on image processing and remote
sensing.  A scientist working with the USGS was fired because he placed
maps of caribou calving areas in the Arctic Nat'l Wildlife Refuge on the
web. This map was one of more than 20,000 maps he'd placed on the web. His
web page (with all 20,000 maps) has been removed.  This apparently happened
in the last few days.  Please read at least some of his account.

This needs attention. It seems to indicate a sea-change in the Department
of Interior.  While this is not a surprise given Bush's position on the
Refuge, we should make sure that it does not go unnoticed.  If it bugs you
like it bugs me, do something about it. Email Bush. Email or write Senators
(our only hope for protection of the Refuge lies in the Senate). Write the
newspaper, call your Aunt. This is outrageous.

Read on: ------------------------------

Hi All,

Well, I have been fired for posting to the internet a single web page with
some maps showing the distribution of caribou calving areas in the Arctic
National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).

My entire website has now been
removed from the internet.  This represents about 3 years worth of work and
20,000 plus maps showing bird, mammal and amphibian distributions,
satellite imagery, landcover and vegetation maps for countries and
protected areas all around of the globe.  As far as I aware it was one of
the biggest collections of maps online and certainly the biggest collection
showing maps of biodiversity and the environment.  The website was often
visited by over a thousand visitors each week.  In addition, I was
fulfilling roughly a dozen requests for geospatial data and information
from colleagues, other researchers and the general public each day.

All of this comes as a rather big surprise to me.  I was given no chance to
remove the webpage or even finish writing an appeal before my position was
terminated.  I was working under a contract so I believe I have very little
legal recourse.  I have received no written explanation (or even an email)
stating the exact reasons for the termination decision and I understand
that even though this would be a reasonable courtesy to expect, it is
unlikely to be forthcoming.

  From my viewpoint my dismissal was a high-level political decision to set
an example to other Federal scientists.  I base this belief on the
following information I received from a colleague in Alaska who is a
leading researcher on the issues involved:

"I really hope you don't get fired.  In fact, had the timing of what you
did not been so inappropriate based on everything else that was going on, I
doubt that anyone would have noticed.  Your work showed a lot of

"...the fallout would not have been so great had the subject matter not
been one of the three USDOI super hot topics with the new administration
and had we not been briefing the Secretary at the nearly exact time your
website went up.  Everyone is nervous and as I mentioned earlier,
consistency in presentation is paramount."

So now, I believe my only recourse is to appeal to the general public in
the hope that in the future what just happened to me will not happen to

I would recommend anybody in a similar circumstances to contact the fine
people at Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility
( or a similar organization.

The response and support I have received from friends online has been
truely amazing.  I very much appreciate how quickly people have acted on my
behalf and helped publicize my plight and I especially wish to thank the
international mapping community...receiving letters of support from far
away places cheers me up no end.  Please feel free to forward this email to
other lists and media contacts!  I would also be grateful if anybody who
misses all the maps I put on the internet please contact the USGS to let
them know and to ask that the maps be reposted.

I feel very bad that these events are also affecting my colleagues at
Patuxent.  Patuxent was a great place to work, has amazing researchers and
everybody I worked with is very supportive.

Many, many thanks for your support,

Ian Thomas free_world_maps[at]

   The Details:

Nobody instructed/authorized me to post the web pages on Arctic National
Wildlife Refuge.  It was done on my own initiative.  I was working on land
cover maps for all National Wildlife Refuges using the new National
Landcover Datasets.  Last week I published over 1000 land cover maps online
covering every National Wildlife Refuge and National Park in the lower 48.
(These maps have now been removed from the internet too).  Similar land
cover data for Alaska were not available but the Arctic National Wildlife
Refuge had a good landcover map so I included it.

In the past, I helped produce the only set of maps online showing all bird
species distributions in Alaska.  In addition I have produced online mammal
distribution atlases of Africa, maps for tigers in asia and I was working
on digitizing North American mammal range maps produced by the Smithsonian

I have also been conducting background research to prepare proposals to
study the effects of mineral extraction on biodiversity and protected areas
on a very large scale.  One such proposal that I was preparing would have
looked at exporting analysis and mapping methods applied in the United
States to other regions of the World such as Africa.  The proposal was
co-sponsored by the Mineral Division of USGS and the World Resources

The migration of caribou in North America is the closest thing that we have
to the great mammal migrations that occur in Africa.  African protected
areas are also under great pressure from possible development for mineral
extraction.  So the carribou distributions that I found on the Fish and
Wildlife Service public website were of particular interest.  I have also
worked for several years on maps of migratory bird distribution patterns. I
therefore have a great interest in other migratory animals as many of the
temporal mapping problems are similar.

I was completely unaware that there was anything wrong with publishing ANWR
maps. I have never been informed of any agency restrictions or any other
guidelines on publishing maps depicting ANWR... I only now have been
informed that there is a two week old agency "communications directive"
that limits who is allowed to distribute new information on ANWR within my

I thought that I was helping further public and scientific understanding
and debate of the issues at ANWR by making some clearer maps.  I also hoped
that colleagues in USGS would see the maps and then contact me if they
needed additional mapping help.  I was careful to quote my sources and
explain what I had done.  I made no statement about what the maps might
mean with regard to oil development of the refuge.

The web pages were put up on Wednesday, March 7, last week.  The first
thing I did when I put the ANWR pages up on the internet was to inform
other USGS Biological Resources Division mapping people and other agency
(Fish Wildlife Service and National Park Service respectively) GIS people
through email that they were on the web.  Informing other Federal
colleagues and agencies immediately upon publication to the web appears to
me to be the only reasonable review process available, seeing as there is
no internal review website currently available...I have never been informed
of any other established proceedure for review of web content on our site.
I actually haven't had any complaints about or requests to change any other
map on my website...

I assumed that if anybody had a problem they could contact me directly and
quickly and appropriate steps could be taken almost immediately. I received
one warning from a colleague that the maps I put on the internet should be
removed.  Unfortunately, it was sent on Saturday so I did not receive it in
time.  I think the decision to terminate me was taken before I even got to
work on Monday.

I also assumed that because all I was doing was esentially presenting
existing public information in a clearer and improved format, there was
very little need for any extensive review other than the steps I
took.  Indeed the changes that I made to the original Fish and Wildlife
Service (FWS) web maps were simply to digitize them ("trace"), then overlay
them on satellite and vegetation maps and then summarize how may years
specific areas were a high density caribou calving area.  I found a similar
(poor quality) summary map on the FWS website that allowed me to check the
accuracy of my simple analysis.

I was unaware that FWS had updated the data.  There is no mention of
updated information on the FWS website.  This new data has still to be made
public. If my maps were inaccurate in any way so are the public FWS maps I
copied.... (please refer to

I think that over the last three years I have put more maps up on the
internet (at a guess approaching 20,000 to 30,000 static individual maps)
equalling any other website on the world wide web. So out of the tens of
thousands of maps (and hours) I finally publish one that got me fired....I
suppose the odds were going to run out eventually....

I am concerned that other Federal researchers may easily make the same
mistakes I just made and should learn from my example what happens if
you're not careful.

Patuxent was a great place to work, has amazing researchers and everybody I
worked with is very supportive.

          Ian Thomas

          Former Mapping Specialist at the:
GIS & Remote Sensing Unit
Biological Resources Division
United States Geological Survey
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Old Homepage (no longer available)

The Global Environmental Atlas (no longer available)

5. CIPA lawsuit news

Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief (PDF of ALA's complaint
filed in Philadelphia on March 20, 2001)

American Library Association files lawsuit challenging Children's Internet
Protection Act For immediate release March 20, 2001

These links appear on the updated pages at

CIPA Litigation

CIPA Press Releases

Letter Explaining ALA's Position

Frequently Asked Questions #2: CIPA and School Libraries

List of resolutions supporting ALA's legal action

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

CNN Poll on CIPA - Make your opinion heard

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

ACLU Files Challenge to Library Internet Censorship In Case Fast-Tracked
for Supreme Court Review

"'The government is choking off the free flow of information on the
Internet to the library patrons who need it the most,' said Ann Beeson,
a member of the ACLU legal team that filed the challenge today in a U.S.
District Court in Philadelphia."

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

EPIC Joins Court Challenge to Library Internet Censorship Law

A major legal challenge to a new federal law that forces libraries to
censor constitutionally protected speech on the Internet was filed
today in U.S. District Court in Philadelphia.  EPIC joined the
American Civil Liberties Union in filing the case on behalf of public
libraries, library patrons and website authors nationwide.  The
Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) requires libraries that
participate in certain federal programs to install "technology
protection measures" on all of their Internet access terminals,
regardless of whether federal programs paid for the terminals or
Internet connections.  There are more than 16,000 public libraries
nationwide, and 95 percent of them currently provide Internet access
for their patrons.

Congress approved the censorship law last year even after its own
18-member panel established to study ways to protect children online
rejected the idea because of the risk that "protected, harmless, or
innocent speech would be accidentally or inappropriately blocked."
Nonetheless, libraries must now install "blocking technology measures"
to prevent access to material that is "obscene, child pornography," or
"harmful to minors," or forfeit much-needed federal funds.  As today's
lawsuit points out, even the makers of the blocking programs touted by
the law's proponents do not claim to block only the categories of
material that CIPA designates.  Additionally, as documented by EPIC's
"Faulty Filters" report and other studies, the programs routinely and
inexplicably block sites that clearly do not fall under the categories
proscribed by the law.  The installation of such programs in public
libraries therefore has significant free speech implications.

The lawsuit also challenges CIPA on privacy grounds.  The law provides
that library patrons engaged in "bona fide research" may request that
they be given access to material blocked by a filtering system.  But
such a procedure, according to the complaint, forces libraries to
violate "patrons' privacy and anonymity rights contrary to the
longstanding practices and policies of the library community."

The American Library Association today also filed a challenge to CIPA
before the same Philadelphia court.  The cases will likely be
consolidated and heard concurrently.  Under CIPA's judicial review
provisions, a three-judge panel appointed by the Third Circuit Court
of Appeals will hear the case; any appeal of the panel's decision will
go directly to the U.S. Supreme Court, which is required to hear
challenges to the law.  EPIC is serving as co-counsel in the case.

The complaint in Multnomah County Public Library, et al. V. United
States, et al., is available at:

The text of the Children's Internet Protection Act is available at:

About EPIC

The Electronic Privacy Information Center is a public interest
research center in Washington, DC.  It was established in 1994 to
focus public attention on emerging privacy issues such as the Clipper
Chip, the Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical
record privacy, and the collection and sale of personal information.
EPIC publishes the EPIC Alert, pursues Freedom of Information Act
litigation, and conducts policy research.  For more information,
e-mail info[at], or write EPIC, 1718
Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009.
+1 202 483 1140 (tel), +1 202 483 1248 (fax).

If you'd like to support the work of the Electronic Privacy
Information Center, contributions are welcome and fully
tax-deductible.  Checks should be made out to "EPIC" and sent to
1718 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009.
Or you can contribute online at

Your contributions will help support Freedom of Information Act and
First Amendment litigation, strong and effective advocacy for the
right of privacy and efforts to oppose government regulation of
encryption and expanding wiretapping powers.

Thank you for your support.

6. SFPL Resolution on Marriott & ALA Conference

San Francisco Public Library Commission
Tuesday, March 6, 2001

Resolution requesting the American Library Association (ALA) to
make alternative arrangements for its meetings, events and
lodging that are currently scheduled for the San Francisco Marriott
Hotel for its annual conference to be held in June 2001; and supporting
the boycott of the San Francisco Marriott Hotel that is being
requested of all ALA conference attendees by Local 2, Hotel
Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union (HEREIU),
which represents 925 workers at the Marriott, and Local 790,
Service Employees International Union (SEIU), which represents
public library staff in San Francisco and Oakland.

        WHEREAS, the American Library Association has selected
the San Francisco Marriott Hotel as its convention headquarters
hotel for its annual conference to be held in San Francisco in
June 2001; and

        WHEREAS, the San Francisco Marriott Hotel had agreed it
would not interfere with workers' right to unionize when it was
given permission by the City to build on its land in 1980; and

        WHEREAS, since 1996, when Local 2 was selected by a
majority of Marriott employees to represent them, over 120 negotiating
sessions have been held and still there is no labor agreement in
place; and

        WHEREAS, in September 2000, Local 2 called for a boycott
of the San Francisco Marriott Hotel, which is supported by the
Mayor, most of the Board of Supervisors and other elected
officials as well as many community and religious leaders; now
therefore be it

        RESOLVED, That the San Francisco Public Library
Commission requests the American Library Association to make
alternative arrangements for its meetings, events and lodging
that are currently scheduled for the San Francisco Marriott Hotel
for its annual conference to be held in June 2001; and therefore
be it

        RESOLVED, That the San Francisco Public Library
Commission supports the boycott of the San Francisco Marriott
Hotel, that is being requested by HERE International Union, Local
2 and SEIU, Local 790, of all ALA conference attendees.


7. Reconstruction of Libraries in Kosova/Kosovo

PRESS RELEASE: For immediate release
13 March 2001
The Hague, Netherlands

Initiatives for the further reconstruction of public libraries in the
war-torn province of Kosovo were agreed at a series of recent meetings in

The Kosova Libraries Consortium held its second working meeting on 7th
March 2001. The consortium consists of the UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK),
UNESCO, the Council of Europe, the Open Society Institute, the National and
University Library of Kosovo and the International Federation of Library
Associations and Institutions IFLA. Together these key players act as the
focal point, linking international interests with interests in Kosova.

The Kosova Library Consortium was formed in October 2000 to further a
short- and medium term development plan for Kosova libraries based on the
assesment of a professional expert mission performed in February/March
2000. The plan and the assessment are published in the report Libraries in
Kosova/Kosovo (see details below) by Carsten Frederiksen and Frode Bakken,
which is now also available in Albanian.

It was agreed between all parties present to follow up one of the main
recommendations of the report, which is to establish a Kosova Library
Council. The Council would give advice, and make recommendations to
relevant bodies, on library and information services and on projects and

Another objective - to disseminate best practice - was met by holding the
first of a series of seminars on 8th March 2001 at the National and
University Library in Pristina. The seminar involved 40 participants
representing the various regions of Kosova and sectors of the library

The meeting resolved that "Libraries are essential tools for
reconstruction and development. We therefore urge the UN Interim
Administration Mission to give greater priority to libraries in their
allocation of resources". A number of further seminars are to take place
later in 2001.

Mr Jetish Kadishani, President of the Kosova Association of Librarians,
stated that "the activities of the Kosova Library Consortium are felt as a
strong support by our librarians; we hope that the UNMIK administration for
Kosova will likewise concentrate on the further development of a strong
library infrastructure".

During the week of the meetings, several delegations of the Kosova Library
Consortium visited a number of libraries in different regions.

Updates of the library situation in Kosova are available at:


Ross Shimmon or Sjoerd Koopman
Tel: +31 70 31 40884
Fax: +31 70 3834827
Email: <ifla[at]>


  1. Libraries in Kosovo/Kosova: a general assessment
    and a short and medium-term development plan is the report by Carsten
    Frederiksen and Frode Baken, of a mission undertaken by them on the behalf
    of UNESCO, the Council of Europe and the International Federation of
    Library Associations (IFLA) Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of
    Expression (FAIFE) Office. Copies are available from: IFLA/FAIFE Office,
    Islands Brygge 37, DK 2300, COPENHAGEN S. Denmark. Tel: +45 33 66 46 27/37
    Fax: +45 33 66 70 64 <>
  2. Representatives of UNE



Consumer advocate Ralph Nader has called on state and
federal legislators to establish an Internet users "Bill of
Rights."  Nader is anxious to see increased privacy and
fraud protections for consumers.

9. The Information Warfare Site (IWS) [.pdf]

Based in the UK, IWS is "an online resource that aims to stimulate
debate about a range of subjects from information security to
information operations and e-commerce," with an emphasis on offensive
and defensive information operations. To these ends, it offers a
number of resources, including selected documents, articles, and
online journals that relate to twelve topics, such as computer
security, military affairs, crime & espionage, and legal issues,
among others. In January, the site launched its INFOCON Threat
Centre, a research project that will monitor and analyze cyberthreat
trends across the world and in specific regions each month. From the
homepage, visitors may also access the latest stories, a security
news ticker, recently added documents, site news, an internal search
engine, and the IWS discussion forum. This is a good current
awareness resource for anyone interested in information and Internet
security. [MD]

> From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2001.

10. Lawrence Clark Powell obituary

[MEMBER-FORUM:2097] Lawrence Clark Powell
Date: Tue, 20 Mar 2001 12:40:45 -0800
From: Sue Kamm <suekamm[at]>
To: ALA Council <alacoun[at]>, ALA Member Forum

Lawrence Clark Powell, former UCLA librarian and founding dean of the
School of Library Service, died March 15.  Dean Powell was a life member
of ALA.

His obituary is at
Your friendly CyberGoddess and candidate for re-election as an ALA
Sue Kamm
Truest of the Blue, Los Angeles Dodgers Think Blue Week 2000
email:  suekamm[at]
Visit my web page:
"Good is not good when better is expected."  -- Vin Scully

11. Albert Prince "A.P." Marshall obituary

[SRRTAC-L:5938] (Official) Marshall obituary
Date: Tue, 13 Mar 2001 13:28:20 -0500 (EST)
From: Frederick W Stoss <fstoss[at]>
To: SRRT Action Council <srrtac-l[at]>
Reply to: srrtac-l[at]

FYI. This notice includes a family request for donations in lieu of

Please route this to your friends and colleagues, and to individual SRRT
Task Forces.

Fred Stoss
SRRT Coordinator

From: William Gordon <wgordon[at]>
To: ALA Council List <alacoun[at]>

Following is the official obituary received from the family of A.P. Marshall.

Albert Prince "A.P." Marshall, Professor Emeritus at Eastern Michigan
University (Ypsilanti), librarian, historian, community supporter, mentor
and devoted family man, died at home on Friday, March 9, 2001, from
complications of prostate cancer. He was 86 years old.

Marshall was born in Texarkana, TX and attended elementary school in
Muskogee, OK. Moving with his family to Kansas City, MO, Marshall worked
in his high school library, sealing his interest in that profession. He
graduated from Lincoln University in Jefferson City, MO, where he met his
wife of 59 years, Ruthe Langley. He was awarded a Bachelor of Science
degree in Library Science in 1939 and in 1950, a Masters of Arts degree in
Intellectual History from the University of Illinois.

In 1939, as Lincoln University's Assistant Librarian, he began publishing
the Index to Negro Periodical Literature, a reference tool that was used
by Black and a few other college librarians, noting the absence of Black
periodicals in standard indexes. He later moved to Winston-Salem (NC)
Teacher's College as library director, where he also served as president
of the American Veteran's Committee of Winston-Salem and vice-president of
the North Carolina Negro Library Association.

During his tenure at Lincoln University as director of Inman E. Page
Library, he introduced up-to-date technology to the university for
accessing information as a support for faculty and students. He served as
faculty liaison for the Student Council, and continued his mentoring role
with several members of that organization for a number of years to follow.
He expanded the Alumni Association's infrastructure, membership and
program services.

He served as Secretary on the Missouri Commission for UNESCO, and was the
Missouri chair of the ALA Joint Committee on Library Work as a Career. In
the Missouri Library Association, he served as president, and chair of the
College and University Division and the Recruitment committee. He was also
editor of the Missouri Library Quarterly. He was a member of the Library
Services Commission for the US Department of Library Services and was
president of the Missouri Council of Branches of the National Association
for the advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

He began his leadership career with the American Library Association by
serving as chair of its Nominating Committee in 1965, when the first
person of color, Dr. Joseph H. Reason, was nominated for president, along
with several others for members of the ALA Council, the Association's
governing body. In 1970, Marshall was nominated for ALA president himself,
and like Reason, lost by a narrow margin. He was an elected member of the
ALA Council from 1963-76, where he championed a number of initiatives that
addressed integration and equity of access as well as focusing on
integrity and academic professionalism in the Association. He collaborated
with Black librarians, and others, to end the Association's discriminatory
policies and practices at national meetings and services to members and
library communities.

He aggressively supported the ALA Office for Intellectual Freedom and the
Freedom to Read Foundation. He was recognized by the Association of
College and Research Libraries for his participation and leadership in the
profession. He also chaired the advisory committee of the ALA Office for
Literacy and Outreach Services, Committee on Institutional Membership and
the Resolutions committee, among others.

His tenure at Eastern Michigan University was from 1969 through 1980,
where he served as Director of Libraries, Dean of Academic Services and
Professor of Library Science before his retirement. He labored to increase
grant revenue, beginning with support from the Council on Library
Resources, propelling the library to the forefront of the national trend
of supportive relationships with faculty. He continued his role as mentor
to EMU staff librarians, many of whom hold leadership positions in
academic institutions today. He was a consultant to the National
Association for Humanities and the North Central Association of Secondary
Schools and Colleges.

He was a member of the Ypsilanti (MI) Rotary Club, and was a Paul Harris
Fellow, and later, Governor of Rotary District 6380, Rotary International.
He was also president of the Ypsilanti/Ann Arbor Business and Professional
club, a member of the Washtenaw County Black Heritage and the Washtenaw
County Heart Associations.

His publications include A Soldiers' Dream: Pictorial History of Lincoln
University, 1966; Unconquered Souls: the History of the African American
in Ypsilanti (1993); The 'Real McCoy' of Ypsilanti (1989); Helen Walker
McAndrew, Ypsilanti's Lady Frontier Doctor (1996); and The Legendary 4
Horsemen of the African Methodist Episcopal Church (1996).  He also
published Molders of Black Thought and Martin Luther King, Jr: A Synopsis,
both poster displays, along with articles, most notably "The Search for
Identity" in The Black Librarian in America, ed. By E.J. Josey.
(Scarecrow, 1970); "Service to Afro-Americans" in A Century of Service,
ALA, 1976; "This Teaching/Learning Thing: Librarians as Educators" in
Academic Libraries by the Year 2000; "Current Library Use Instruction" in
Library Trends, Summer 1980; and "North Carolina Negro Library
Association" in Handbook of Black Librarianship, 2nd edition, E.J. Josey
and Marva L. DeLoach, ed. (Scarecrow, 2000).

He was initiated into Alpha Psi Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity in
1937, and was a member of the Beta Zeta Lambda Chapter in Jefferson City.
MO, Alpha Theta Lambda Chapter in Winston-Salem, NC, and Theta Zeta Lambda
Chapter in Ann Arbor, MI. Marshall is a veteran of the US Coast Guard and
served on the USS Admiral E.W. Eberle, a Troop Transport ship.

His honors include the Harry Truman Library Fellow, Alpha Phi Alpha
Fraternity Hall of Fame (1964), Lincoln University (MO) Alumni Achievement
Award (1965), Missouri Library Association Citation of Merit (1969),
United Negro College Fund's Eugene Power Annual Achievement Award (1994),
Ypsilanti-Willow Run Branch NAACP Humanitarian Award (1997), and other
local awards.

Since his retirement, he has pursued his avocation for studying the
Underground Railroad, especially following routes through Ypsilanti and
south central Michigan. He has also continued his active participation in
the African Methodist Episcopal Church, from the early 1950s as Sunday
School Superintendent at Quinn Chapel (MO), and Steward and Lay Reader at
Brown Chapel in Ypsilanti (MI).

"A.P." Marshall is the beloved husband of Ruthe, dear father of Satia
Marshall Orange of Chicago, IL, loving grandfather of Tiffani Orange of
Southfield, MI, and Michael Orange of Chicago, IL, uncle of Edythe Smith
and Howard Smith of Rose, GA, and grandnieces and nephews, cousins. He
also leaves numerous colleagues, many of whom consider him a mentor, and

Memorial services are scheduled for Saturday, March 17, 2001 at Brown
Chapel AME Church, 1043 W. Michigan Avenue, Ypsilanti, MI 48197. Family
time: 12:30PM; Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Ceremony: 12:45PM; Memorial
Service: 1:00PM; Celebration Reception: 2:00 to 4:30PM at the Eagle Crest
Conference Center Club House, Eastern Michigan University, 1275 S. Huron
Street, (next to Marriott Hotel, I-94 west at Exit 183), Ypsilanti, MI.

Donations are requested, in lieu of flowers, for the Albert P. and Ruthe
L. Marshall Scholarship Fund, for individuals who need financial support
to take advantage of local opportunities to develop life skills. Donations
may be so identified and sent to the church, with the family's appreciation.


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