Library Juice 5:16 - April 25, 2002


  1. Responses to my comments on the "Rediscover America" cartoon
  2. COWLZ: A Call for Participation; comments
  3. New Feminist Task Force URL
  4. Stay Free! | "Conspiracy" issue out now
  5. Kieth Michael Fiels new ALA Executive Director; comments
  6. Google gets the chills
  7. Google "Answers" service: an end-run around librarians?
  8. Positivism meets Hermeneutics in Information Research
  9. 4th Nordic Mobile Library Festival
  10. Citing Sources (a web guide)
  12. Climate in U.S. threatens freedom of information
  13. Industry Attacks on Dissent: From Rachel Carson to Oprah
  14. ALA Seeks Honorary Member Nominees
  15. Funny Searches

Quote for the week:

"I disapprove of what you say, but I will
defend to the death your right to say it."
-Beatrice Hall

Homepage of the week: David Dodd


1. Responses to my comments on the "Rediscover America" cartoon

This is in reference to item number one from last week,
"Brian Smith gets himself in big trouble; Rory comments," at

Brian has taken the cartoon down from his site, and, after initially
defending it with an explanation (and a link to my comments), he has
apologized to the American Indian community for his insensitivity. He
wrote to me that I understood his intentions correctly; however,
intentions aren't everything. Many American Indians were offended and
some even felt threatened by the cartoon, because the scene it
depicted was something that actually happens in the present day.

Here are some responses I received to the comments I made last week:


Rediscover PAIN
Date: Fri, 19 Apr 2002 09:23:31 -0700
From: "Judi & Duane" <armbruster[at]>
To: <Rory[at]>

While reading you comments, I could not help feeling that you missed the
Native perspective entirely. What I read and felt is that this man is
advocating a put down of all recent attempts of self determination by our
people.Instead of "let's take a lesson from history" it seems more like it
is "time to clean out this country again". And that my friend is
Judi Brannan Armbruster,
Karuk Tribe of California,
direct descendant


Subject: IAIA Library Response to Brian Smith's "Rediscover America"
Date: Thu, 18 Apr 2002 18:00:14 -0600
From: "Shirlene Gordon" <saturngal[at]>
To: <jjames[at]>
CC: <cteters[at]>

As an academic art research center, the Institute of American Indian
Arts (IAIA) Library fully supports intellectual and academic freedom.
It is our mission to ensure access to information, in all its forms,
which supports the artistic endeavors and academic pursuits of our
students, staff and faculty. However, as an academic art research
center serving Native Americans, the IAIA Library does not support the
depiction of harm to Native peoples in any promotion of or commentary
upon library programs and organizations. Mr. Smith's use of stock clip
art to portray the historical and continuing harm done to Native
Americans serves only to perpetuate and encourage stereotypical
depictions of Native Americans. To endorse Brian Smith's work, however
satirical his intent, would be to participate in the stereotype itself.
The IAIA Library joins the American Indian Library Association and
Native peoples in our opposition to Mr. Smith's bookmark.

Shirlene K. Gordon
Director of Library ProgramsInstitute of American Indian Arts


Brian Smith's cartoon & ALA
Date: Thu, 18 Apr 2002 18:08:24 EDT
From: Inpeacencw[at]
To: rlitwin[at]

Dear Litwin Rory:

I read your response to Brian Smith's cartoon (Library Juice 4/18/2002).
I hope you will read my thoughts. On an intellectual level, I understand
your thoughts about his intent. Yes, on hindsight I think the ALA theme
was not very creative or in the best taste -- to say the least. My
question would be why did the progressive branch Social Responsibilities
Round Table (SRRT) of the American Library Association not raise their
concerns when it was first proposed or first seen? If they had rallied and
sent the word out into the Indian community, we would have responded.

Several years ago, when I was the president of the American Indian Library
Association, I remember Sandy Berman and Chris Dodge voicing their concern
about the whole Columbus celebration. Their concern combined with AILA's
concerns fostered a resolution that was adapted by ALA Council. This
resolution was written to encourage all ALA units and committees to consult
with AILA on themes and topics related to American Indian issues.
Obviously, ALA did not remember this resolution.

In hindsight, if folks like Sandy and Chris had contacted or communicated
with the Indian community that would have prevented me and other Indians
around the country from seeing a sight that is so painful to us. You must
understand that the image portrayed by the bookmark is a reality today in
numerous communities or near reservations. We live with the horror the
visual depicts daily.

As an Indian woman and a librarian, I have worked my whole professional
life to educate teachers and librarians about stereotypes of Native people.
In addition, I have attempted to promote recruitment of American Indians
into this profession that I love dearly. The bookmark caused a great deal
of pain on a personal level for me on personal, professional and on
community level. It was viewed by Indian people in Indian-E country, as
insensitive to our experiences. The visual was so powerful that it could
not be interpreted as a parody. For many like me who know of Indian people
who have been killed and left for dead without justice, it deeply ripped
through my heart. It also reinforced a notion held by some in Indian
Country that institutions like libraries are not to be trusted.

I realize that you might not totally understand our strong feelings about
this visual. It may seems to be merely a matter of an intellectual
activity centered on the cleverness of the "parody" and a detached
perception of what happened in the past. If you had a cousin or brother, or
sister killed without justice being served you might empathize. If you
knew an Indian woman here in my community whose fiancé was killed and left
for in woods, you might understand how we could view it as horrendous.

ALA was wrong and Brian Smith was too. The bottom line is two wrongs don't
make a right. I can only hope that in the future we might be able to work
together in the best interest of not only Indian people, but all people.

In peace and seeking justice,

Naomi R. Caldwell
Past President American Indian Library Association
ALA Councilor-at-Large 1992-2000

University of Rhode Island
Graduate School of Library and Information Studies
11 Rodman Hall
Kingstown, RI 02881
(401)874-2278 office/voicemail
(401)874-4964 fax
email: inpeacencw[at]


Editor's comments:

I think I am guilty, as are many whites my age, of a certain lack of
awareness about Native American culture as it presently exists in the U.S.,
having been taught the idea in sensitve school systems that Europeans
completely wiped out the Native population of the continent. It did not
occur to me, first hearing the reaction, that there is still fear of this
kind of treatment among the Native American community. Considering this, I
agree with Brian now that the cartoon was insensitive. I find it sad that
the reaction of fear and horror was apparently so common among Native
Americans. It speaks of a tremendous gap and lack of mutual understanding.


Laughing Librarian Yields to Objections, Pulls Web Cartoon
Date: Mon, 22 Apr 2002 13:46:39 -0500
From: "Don Wood" <dwood[at]>
To: Intellectual Freedom Action News <ifaction[at]>
Reply to: dwood[at]

Laughing Librarian Yields to Objections, Pulls Web Cartoon

"Brian Smith, creator of the Laughing Librarian Web site, wasn't
laughing April 18 when he posted an explanation for why his facetious
bookmark mocking the American Library Association's "Rediscover
America [at] your library" National Library Week theme had been pulled
from the Web."

A Bookmark from The Laughing Librarian

Re-Discover America [at] your library


Pages on the web linking to last week's item on Brian Smith:

Metafilter (comments favoring the cartoon)

Native News

2. COWLZ: A Call for Participation; comments

Walt Crawford has an idea for an initiative to preserve access to the
variety of online library publications that are out there now, as things
change on the web. He calls it COWLZ:
[Caucus/Coalition/Consortium/Cluster] of Online and Web-based
Library-related Zines/Newsletters. He got the idea from an Ex Libris
column by Marylaine Block where she worried about issues of long-term
access and high-quality, prominent indexing (i.e. Library Literature) of
library web-zines.

Walt's proposal is at

3. New Feminist Task Force URL

ALA's SRRT Feminist Task Force (FTF) was founded in 1970 by women
determined to address sexism in libraries and librarianship. FTF was the
first ALA group to focus on women's issues. Other ALA women's groups
fostered by FTF include the standing ALA Committee on the Status of Women
in Librarianship (COSWL), the Committee on Pay Equity, the RASD Discussion
Group on Women's Materials and Women Library Users, the ACRL Women's
Studies Section, and the LAMA Women Administrators Discussion Group. The
Feminist Task Force continues to be one of SRRT's largest and most active
groups, concerned with a broad, evolving set of feminist issues.

4. Stay Free! | "Conspiracy" issue out now

Date: Mon, 22 Apr 2002 20:58:44 -0500
From: Carrie McLaren <[at]>
To: stayfree[at]
Reply to:[at]


The new "conspiracy" issue of Stay Free! is making its way to stores
at this very moment. If you would like to receive one, you can
subscribe here ($10 or $12 for 3 issues):

Also, I'm now offering digital subscriptions at the super cheap price
of $6.75 -- instead of getting the print magazine, you'll get an
Adobe Acrobat .pdf emailed to you each time the zine comes out.

Or you can wait a year because I'll eventually be putting most of the
issue on the website.


P.S. In New York, you can find Stay Free! at St. Mark's Books, Other
Music, See Hear, and Mondo Kim's, among others. If you don't see Stay
Free! in your local independent book or record store, please inquire

* * * * "CONSPIRACY" ISSUE #19 CONTENTS * * * *


Mark Crispin Miller interview, author of The Bush Dyslexicon and
Boxed In: The Culture of Television, on conspiracies, media, and mad

The "Art" of the FBI: highlights from the FBI's secret war on
dissent. Wherein we gather some of the fake comics, "satirical"
pamphlets, and bad poetry created under the FBI's
Counter-intelligence Program

Real Conspiracies: Long before viral marketing, we had the
"whispering campaigns" of the 1930s. Also: General Motors' assault on
public trollies

How a French Satire Became the Gospel of Anti-Semitism: The
little-known origins of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion

Dana Frank interview, author of Buy American: The Untold Story of
Economic Nationalism

Satanic execs and racist jackets: Brian Boling on corporate myths

Gary Fine interview, author of Manufacturing Tales: Sex and Money in
Contemporary Legends and co-author of Whispers on the Color Line:
Rumor and Race in America

Fast Food Hell: Stay Free! readers share their dining experiences

Rethinking Economics: Consuming isn't so fun, growth isn't so good,
and other unpopular truths, by Jonathan Rowe

Selling the Sky: Alexandra Ringe surveys advertising over our heads

Bad News: Carol Kolb looks at prepackaged journalism

World View: Marketing news and other sick stuff

No SUV Parking: Stay Free!'s anti-sport utility vehicles prank

Pop Quiz: Random curiosities from the world of business

For Future Reference. Sources for more information

5. Kieth Michael Fiels new ALA Executive Director; comments

Keith Michael Fiels is ALA's New Executive Director

ALA President, John W. Berry announces the appointment of Keith Michael
Fiels as the American Library Association's new Executive Director
effective July 1, 2002.

"Mr. Fiels brings a wealth of experience in many library settings and
a combination of attributes that are well-suited to managing ALA in the
first years of the 21st century", commented Mr. Berry.

Mr. Fiels has over 15 years of senior level administrative experience
in the state library arena, including his current position as the
Director of the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners. He also
has experience working in public and school libraries. Fiels has been a
member of ALA since 1976, and is active in ALA committees and Divisions,
as well as various state library association. Fiels is the recipient of
the Association of Specialized and Cooperative Library Agencies (ASCLA)
Leadership Achievement Award and the Library Public Relations Council
Award. He was named to the ALA Association for Library Trustees and
Advocates (ALTA) National Advocacy Honor Roll in 2000. Fiels is the
current President of the Chief Officers of State Library Agencies

Mr. Fiels stated, "The prospect of serving as the Executive Director
of the Association is a lifelong dream. ALA has made great progress
over the last five years as an advocate for libraries, for librarians
and for an informed public. I look forward to working with a tremendous
board, staff and membership to build on these successes and to work
toward even stronger libraries and library services in our country and
around the world. What we do as librarians is so important for our
communities, our democracy and our future."

William R. Gordon, Retiring Executive Director, will assist in the
management transition through August 2002. Mr. Fiels will be introduced
at the ALA Annual Conference in Atlanta, June 13-19, 2002.

The ALA Board and Staff interviewed the finalists on April 11-12 at ALA
Headquarters. Berry noted, "We were very fortunate to have two
well-qualified finalists for this most important assignment,"

President Berry concluded "The ALA Executive Board thanks Ken Haycock,
chair of the Search and Screening Committee, as well as all members of
the Committee for the excellent work and for completing the search in a
timely and efficient manner. The Board also thanks ALA staff for
providing thoughtful input throughout the process."


Two men in a row?
Date: Mon, 22 Apr 2002 23:47:23 -0400
From: Mark Rosenzweig <iskra[at]>
To: bishoffl[at], ALA Council List <alacoun[at]>
Cc: ALA Feminist Task Force Discussion List <FEMINIST[at]MITVMA.MIT.EDU>,
srrtac-l[at], plgnet-l[at]

Wishing Mr. Fiels all the best and having no reason to feel that he
will not serve with distinction, I must nonetheless remark -- and
this is no reflection on Mr Fiels or his co-finalist Camila Alire --
that it is odd that our elaborate and costly search procedures
could not come up with an excellent, qualified, distinguished woman
for the position, especially following the tenure of a male, albeit
one who discharged his duties with great competence and collegiality,
Mr William Gordon, whom we will miss.

I assure you I have no complaint either against Bill Gordon, who was
very good, nor do I have reason to doubt Mr. Fiels qualifications.
But there is a question of gender equity which hangs over this,
leading me to wonder if there wasn't a list of highly desirable women

It seems symbolically significant that a profession in which women
predominate cannot, at least in alternating tenure, have a woman in
leadership of the Association.

It makes me uncomfortable to have to raise this issue when
congratulations and best wishes are surely in order, but there is, in
these times, no avoiding

Mark Rosenzweig
ALA council
SRRT Action Acouncil


[SRRTAC-L:7879] Re: Two men in a row?
Date: Tue, 23 Apr 2002 10:20:05 -0700
From: "Diedre Conkling" <dconklin[at]>
To: SRRT Action Council <srrtac-l[at]>
Reply to: srrtac-l[at]

Mark's response is the same gut response I had to this announcement. I
just didn't find the words to express it. I know nothing about Keith
Michael Fiels except what I have read recently during the search process.
I do know more about Camila Alire and the respect her staff and colleagues
have for her. Not being on the search committee makes it hard to have a
reasoned response to this announcement. I don't know why I had such a
strong negative reaction but Mark and I definitely have the same concerns
on this one.

Diedre Conkling

Lincoln County Library District
P.O. Box 2027, Newport, OR 97365
Phone & Fax: (541) 265-3066
Work: diedre[at]
Home: dconklin[at]


Date: Tue, 23 Apr 2002 14:03:21 -0700 (PDT)
From: Sarah Pritchard <pritchar[at]
To: ALA Feminist Task Force Discussion List <FEMINIST[at]MITVMA.MIT.EDU
Subject: Men and women at ALA

I have to say that for once, I am in support of the decision.
I worked with Keith Fiels quite a bit when I was doing
multitype library projects in Massachusetts, and of course
I know Camila well from ALA and ARL. I think it is a credit
to the search process that we had two such well qualified
candidates, and ones who both know ALA in a fairly detailed
way. Personally, I am very pleased to see Keith in the job
and think he will work hard to sustain ALA's commitments to
equity and diversity.



Sarah M. Pritchard             voice: (805) 893-3256
University Librarian           fax:   (805) 893-7010
Davidson Library               email: pritchard[at]

University of California
Santa Barbara, CA 93106


6. Google gets the chills


Last month, the Church of Scientology sent a complaint to Google, the
company behind the popular Web search engine, saying that its search results
for "Scientology" included links to copyrighted church material that appears
on a Web site critical of the church. Under the Digital Millennium Copyright
Act of 1998, which was intended to make it easier for copyright holders to
fight piracy, the complaint meant that Google was required to remove those
links quickly or risk being sued for contributing to copyright infringement.
As a result of the complaint, Google has created a new policy that requires
a copy of all such complaints to be sent to the Chilling Effects
Clearinghouse (, which is a project of a civil liberties
advocacy group called the Electronic Frontier Foundation and several law
schools. In the new procedure, Google informs its users when a link has been
removed from a set of search results and directs them to the Chilling
Effects site. With its Chilling Effects partnership, Google is subtly making
the point that the right to link is important to its business and to the
health of the Web, said David G. Post, a law professor at Temple University
who specializes in Internet issues. "This is an example where copyright law
is being used in conflict with free connectivity and free expression on the
Net," he said. Dr. Post said Google's situation highlighted the need for
more awareness of copyright issues, including pending legislation that is
more restrictive than the 1998 law.

[SOURCE: New York Times, AUTHOR: David F. Gallagher]

[From the Benton Foundation's Communications-Related Headlines]


German railway operator to sue Google over sabotage links

(April 16, 2002)
Deutsche Bahn AG, the German national railway operator, plans to file suit
tomorrow against Google Inc. because the company's search engine provides
links to a Web site that offers instructions on how to sabotage railway
systems, Deutsche Bahn said Tuesday. Lawsuits against Yahoo Inc. and
AltaVista Co. also are being prepared.

Deutsche Bahn recently sent letters to all three U.S. search engine
operators asking them to remove the hyperlinks to the online copies of two
articles from the German-language, left-wing extremist publication Radikal,
which has been outlawed in Germany. The articles detail how to cut power on
parts of the railway system.

"We wrote Google and told them that there is illegal content on their
pages and that they are linking to pages with illegal content. They have
not answered us, so we will file a lawsuit against Google in Germany
tomorrow," said Christian Schreyer, head of the legal department for media
and competition law at Deutsche Bahn in Berlin.


Deutsche Bahn will file suit in Germany, where all three search engine
companies have subsidiaries, because it feels it wouldn't stand a chance
in a U.S. court because the of freedom of speech allowed by the First
Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

"There is no chance to sue them in the U.S. You are really allowed to put
anything on the Internet there," Schreyer said.
Related stories:,4125,NAV47_STO70203,00.html
and for more


7. Google "Answers" service: an end-run around librarians?

From The Virtual Acquisition Shelf and News Desk...

Google Answers

What, a week almost went by and nothing new from Google. (:
I found most of the following info via the faq.

Google is starting a fee-based answer service. More of an "answer
brokerage" that Google oversees. Ask a question and have a Google
Researcher bid to supply you with an answer. How does you became a Google
Researcher? First, write a paragraph on why you want to be a researcher.
Then, pass a test by answering 5 sample questions. Google editors will also
"spot-check" answers and if they aren't up to standards the question will
be put back into the system. A user feedback system will also be
incorporated to rate Researchers. The faq states, "The Researcher will be
an expert at locating hard to find information on the web". What about all
of the info not on the web? Finally, some Researchers will be "experts in
their fields."

According to the faq both questions and answers will be publicly viewable
on the web. Anyone who has registered for the service can comment on any
question or answer but the actual "answer" can only come from an approved
Google Researcher. If a registered user answers your question to your
satisfaction for free you can cancel your query. If the question is
answered by a researcher you can also ask him/her for a "clarification". If
the answer is not to your satisfaction, you can choose to apply for a refund.
First, a non-refundable $0.50 fee to list the question. Then the amount you
are willing to pay. The minimum is $4 and the max is $50.00. From the faq,
"The more research required to find an answer, the more you should offer.
Three-quarters of your research fee goes directly to the Researcher who
answers your question; the other 25 percent is used by Google to support
the service. Setting a price too low to compensate for the time required
may result in your question not receiving an answer. The more you are
willing to pay, the more likely your question is to get answered quickly."

Here's a question for the library community, will the fee-based resources
that many public libraries make available see a rapid increase in usage?
Will virtual reference desk services be flooded with questions from Google
Researcher's who can then sell the answer or at least a portion of it on
Google? Several services similar to Google Answers have come and gone. The
fact that Google is doing it? What do you think will happen? For many
people RESEARCH=Google.



Anonymous response:

Dear Google Friend:

You are getting ripped off! You can get ALL of this information and MORE at
your public library. How much does it cost? IT'S FREE!

Our Professional Researchers have Master's degrees from major universities
and colleges and pass a rigorous hiring process. Where else can you access
a highly-trained professional, who holds an advanced degree, without an
appointment and without charge? Only at your public library!

ASK ANYTHING! No question is too large or too small! You have a question?
Your public library has an answer and/or a referral! Your public library
has almost 100 years of combined Professional Researcher experience. Our
Professional Researchers do NOT work on commission, so they give every query
the same, full attention.

Plus, get the additional bonus of 100% confidentiality! Not only are your
questions and the answers provided NOT recorded nor posted for the world to
read online, but you can ask ANY question without identifying yourself or
providing ANY personal information. Google requires you to have an account
and demands that all questions and posts answers. Your public library will
answer your questions without any registration hassles!

Questions are answered in person, by telephone, by email (if you use the
suggestion box!), and via a 24/7 online chat feature. Try calling Google!
Ask them to write a business letter for you over the phone! Good luck!

Be one of the first to try this exciting service! Go ahead, contact your
public library and ASK A QUESTION TODAY!!

Any Public Librarian


8. Positivism meets Hermeneutics in Information Research

Integrating Positivist and Interpretive Approaches to Information Research:
A Lakatosian Model

Anandhi Bharadwaj
Goizueta Business School, Emory University

Foundations of Information Systems (September 13, 2000)

While research in information systems (IS) has traditionally been dominated
by the positivist approach, the interpretive approach to IS research has in
recent times gained significant attention. Radically different views and
assumptions about the nature of science, and methodologies for doing
science underlie the positivist and interpretive positions. While
descriptions of the two approaches and their respective roles in shaping IS
research have been discussed elsewhere, no attempts have been made to
present an integrative model that can help reconcile some of the
differences. This paper provides such a synthesis by adopting the
Lakatosian Structured Methodological Falsification (SMF) model as the basis
for the synthesis. The Lakatosian perspective argues in favor of the
existence and desirability of multiple theoretical foundations in a
discipline, and blends together both the traditional tenets of positivism
(i.e. falsification of theories) with the more contemporary interpretive
notions of science such as social context. A reconstruction of IS research
using the SMF model could potentially capture the relative strengths of the
positive and interpretive philosophies, while at the same minimize the
limitations of the two perspectives.


9. 4th Nordic Mobile Library Festival

Date: Wed, 6 Feb 2002 14:56:41 +0100
From: Karin Passchier <Karin.Passchier[at]IFLA.NL>

Dear colleagues!

We are pleased to announce the 4th Nordic Mobile Library Festival, which
will be held in Finland, on 16-18 August 2002 inTurku.You will find the
programme, registration form and general information on our web site at

Please spread information about this event to everyone it may concern, and
who may be interested, throughyour channels. We have not sent out
any printed information, so we kindly ask the library associations
to publish this information in their library journals, and on their
www-pages, and to send the information to their mobile library sections
and to inform those libraries with mobile library services.

In Turku, among many other attractions, there will be contests for the
titles of Most Beautiful bus ("Miss Mobile") and of Most Functional bus.
We will ask for technical information about the mobile libraries coming to
Turku for these contests. A high point in the Finnish Festival will be a
contest in skilful driving for the drivers. Contests like this have been a
great success in Finland, and our national champion from 2001 will
challenge all other drivers!

We hope to see lots of participants at the festival, which is just before
the IFLA Conference in Glasgow, and we hope that many people, especially
those coming from far away, will be able to combine their attendance at
the two events.

Thanking for your cooperation in advance! If you have
any questions concerning the Festival, please don't hesitate to ask us.

On behalf of the Finnish Library Association and the National Organzing

I wish you all welcome to the Nordic Mobile Library Festival in Finland in
16-18 August 2002!

Sinikka Sipilae

Ms. Sinikka Sipilae
Secretary General
Finnish Library Association
Vuorikatu 22 A 18,
00100 Helsinki, Finland
t. +358-9-6221 399,
GSM +358-40-7151 041
fax +358-9-6221 466

10. Citing Sources (a web guide)

Essential for writers of term papers, this clearly written guide
gives examples of how to cite a specific source using the
format of any one of four well-known style manuals: APA,
Chicago, MLA, and Turabian. Among the many examples
included are citations for electronic books, online magazines,
and Web pages. From one section of the Guide to Library
Research site from Duke University Libraries.

From Librarians' Index to the Internet -


The United States Department of Defense and Secretary Donald Rumsfeld

The New York City Police Department Intelligence Division's Threat
Assessment Unit

Kettle Moraine (Wisconsin) School District

The Coalition of Brown University Student Groups Who Stole 4,000
copies of The Brown Daily Herald

The Administration of Montachusett Regional Vocational Technical
School, Fitchburg, Massachusetts

Dacula (Georgia) High School Principal Donald Nutt

The Kanawha County Board of Education (West Virginia) and Sissonville
High School Principal Forest Mann

The Hamilton County (Indiana) Prosecutor's Office

Hecklers in the Audience at the December 2001 Commencement Ceremony at
California State University-Sacramento

12. Climate in U.S. threatens freedom of information

"The idea of access to government information as a civil right is a
peculiarly American concept. Information is the means by which citizens
in a democracy hold their elected officials accountable. The concept of
"freedom of information" is so much a part of the culture that it has
become a widely recognized abbreviation - FOI."

See also

Freedom of Information Act

Executive Order 13233


Don Wood
Program Officer/Communications
American Library Association
Office for Intellectual Freedom

13. Industry Attacks on Dissent: From Rachel Carson to Oprah

Laura Orlando, Dollars and Sense
April 19, 2002

In March 1996, the British government announced that 10 people had died
after eating beef from cattle sick with "mad cow disease." A month later,
talk-show host Oprah Winfrey discussed the topic on national television.

While interviewing guest Howard Lyman of the Humane Society about his
belief that American cattle might be at risk for the disease, Winfrey told
her audience, "It has just stopped me cold from eating another burger." A
group of Texas cattle ranchers sued Winfrey and Lyman for libeling cattle.
Four years and over $1 million later, the two were vindicated in court.

Winfrey and Lyman were sued under the Texas False Disparagement of
Perishable Food Products Act. Food disparagement laws are a new tool in an
old bag of tricks used by corporations to protect their own economic
interests at the expense of public discussion. Silencing public debate with
frivolous, time-consuming and costly lawsuits has become so commonplace
that the technique has its own name: strategic lawsuits against public
participation, or SLAPP suits.

Winfrey and Lyman won in lower federal court because the judge ruled that
cattle were not "perishable food products." The cattlemen pursued the
matter in appellate court. A three-judge panel eventually ruled against the
Texas ranchers. But the SLAPP suit achieved its objective by forcing
Winfrey and Lyman to spend an enormous amount of time and money defending
themselves-and by serving as a warning to the rest of us that saying what
we believe to be true may cost us more than we can bear.

Lawsuits, and the threat of lawsuits, are not the only means industry uses
to stifle dissent. Industry routinely buys the science that suits its needs
(tobacco is a good example) and according to Sheldon Rampton, editor of the
newsletter PR Watch, spends at least $10 billion every year on "public

Industry's use of half-truths and intimidation to defend its toxic assault
on life is nothing new. But until 40 years ago, when Rachel Carson's book
"Silent Spring" was published, one could argue that we -- the people --
didn't know what was going on. "Silent Spring" woke up the nation, creating
a national consciousness about the health and environmental consequences of
pesticide use. Industry woke up too. Bruce Johnson, a Seattle lawyer, told
the New York Times in 1999, "If [food disparagement laws] had been in place
in the 1960s, Rachel Carson might not have found a publisher willing to
print 'Silent Spring'."



14. ALA Seeks Honorary Member Nominees

Date: Wed, 24 Apr 2002 10:32:52 -0500
From: "Elizabeth Dreazen" <edreazen[at]>
To: ALA Council List <alacoun[at]>
Reply to: edreazen[at]

Nominations are now being accepted for Honorary Members of the American
Library Association. Honorary membership, ALA's highest honor, is
bestowed on living citizens of any country whose contributions to
librarianship or a closely related field are so outstanding that they
are of significant and lasting importance to the whole field of library
service. The honor is intended to reflect positively upon ALA as well
as upon the individual. Nominations may be submitted by any ALA member
and must be received no later than September 1, 2002.

Honorary Members are elected for life by vote of the ALA Council upon
recommendation of the ALA Executive Board. Nominations will be reviewed
at the ALA Executive Board's 2002 Fall Meeting and presented to Council
for vote at the ALA 2003 Midwinter Meeting. Newly elected Honorary
Members will be formally recognized at the Opening General Session of
the ALA 2003 Annual Conference.

The criteria for honorary membership are:
* To be eligible for honorary membership, a person should be so
outstanding that there can be no question about his/her suitability.

Honorary Members receive a number of benefits for life, including
complimentary ALA and divisional dues, complimentary conference
registration at all ALA Midwinter Meetings and Annual Conferences, and
listing in the special Honorary Member section of the ALA Handbook of

Members who wish to forward nominations must submit the following
information: nominee name; nominee's present position, including title,
institution name, address, telephone, fax and e-mail address; a
statement of why the person is being nominated, including the ways in
which the nominee meets the criteria for selection listed above; at
least three letters of recommendation; a resume and/or biographical
statement; and other documentation as available and appropriate.
Posthumous nominations are not eligible for consideration.

Submit nomination packets to: Honorary Membership, c/o David Davis,
Executive Board Secretariat, American Library Association, 50 East Huron
Street, Chicago, IL 60611.

Additional information about ALA Honorary Membership, plus a complete
list of all Honorary Members elected since the designation was first
awarded, may be found at:

15. Funny Searches

Here are some amusing searches (mostly Google searches) that led to
pages on during the month of April:

free pics of naked military men interrogation
Ronald Reagan versus the right wing
where to find lesbians in canada
evil twin publication
Give me a lot of information about one person who got Disappeared
diy male milking machine
radical cheerleaders
Bart Simpson Day declared on January 26, 1993
replacing pop with juice
most famous librarian
"foot job" forum
anacyst librarian
when you're up to your ass in alligators it's hard to remember
Richard librarian Seattle rubber
a website that has information on cars around Terre Haute for sale
people who hate the oak lawn library
1978 Dodge Magnum
Bill O'Reilly's Corrupting our kids
it isn't an easy task imparting media education to today's youth
www.suburban library ass
I hate hipmama
feasibility girl
roman numberals
loveless frump as hip and sexy party girl
words with frog
frog words
library handwriting
digital anarchist babe
lawsuit against practical joke on April 1st


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